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Rape Myths

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zeel kamdar

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of Rape Myths

To study the Attitude and myths towards rape among different streams of college going students of Surat City. Aim and Objective . Kamdar Zeel, Kosambiya JK, Verma Mamtarani, Chawda Bansari, Kantharia SL
Dept. of Community Medicine
Government Medical college, Surat National Crime & Record Bueuro Ministry of Home & affaires Study Design: Cross - Sectional study

Study Setting : College going students representing 1 Girl college, 1 Medical and 1 Engineering College, Surat were included.(n=332)

Consent: Permission from respective college authorities and verbal consent of students was obtained .

Study Period: January 2013. Inclusion Criteria: students with their willingness to take part.

Data entry and Analysis:
OR BEHAVIORAL? Refrence: National Crime & Record Bueuro Ministry of Home & affaires Every 20 minutes, a woman is raped in India.

According to experts only 10% of the rapes are reported.

The conviction rate for rape cases is 26 %.

Altogether (44,159) cases of different
sex-offences were registered across India.

India stands Third after England (62,100) and
Germany (47,070). Rape myth is defined as prejudicial, stereotyped, or false beliefs about rape, rape victims, or rapists (Burt, 2003).

Burt (2003) states that, “Rape myths are part of general culture. People learn them in the same way they acquire other beliefs and attitudes - from their families, their friends, movies, books, etc.” Rape Myth: 2. Updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale
(IRMA, 22 items) (Payne, Lonsway McMahon & Farmer, 2011)

Likert scale from 1 to 5 is used.
1 = Strongly agree
2 = Agree
3 = Neutral
4 = Disagree
5 = Strongly disagree. 1. Attitude towards Rape
Scale (21 items)

Scale ranges from
Seldom &
Never. Study tools:
Two pretested and structured scales were used. Mean age of participants was 20.22 +1.27 Results Attitude towards Rape Scale Never-73%
Sometimes-6% Never=40%
Sometimes=25% When women says ‘no’ its actually ‘yes’? When women says ‘no’ its actually ‘yes’? Updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance

Cronbach's alpha
Overall alpha is .834 (strong internal
consistency among the 4 categories.) Results Contd.. Updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (IRMA)
Where 1 = strongly agree and 5 = strongly disagree. No-97% No- 92% Current punishment ‘7 year imprisonment is enough for criminal of rape? 36% 54% Death Penalty
Life time Imprisonment
Chemical Castration If no then, According to you, what should be the Punishment for Rape?
Higher prevelence of Rape myths is found among the college going students of surat city.

The prevalence of rape myths is higher among college going male than female.

Youth of Surat considered rape as serious offence & strong punishment against rapists in the form of death penalty. Conclusion: Sensitization regarding prevalent rape myths by Educational programs .

By providing information on why & how rape actually occurs this way will decrease rape-supportive attitudes. Methodology
Cont…. The IRMA scale consists of 4 categories:
1. She asked for it
2. It wasn’t really rape
3. He didn’t mean to
4. She lied.

The IRMA is the most reliable rape myth scale to date. Methodology (Abbey A, Ross L, McDuffie D, McAuslan P. Alcohol and dating risk factors for sexual assault
among college women.Psychol Women Q. 1996;20:147–169.) n=332
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