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Rape Myths

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zeel kamdar

on 29 November 2017

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Transcript of Rape Myths

To study the Attitude and myths towards rape among different streams of college going students of Surat City.
Aim and Objective
.
Kamdar Zeel, Kosambiya JK, Verma Mamtarani, Chawda Bansari, Kantharia SL
Dept. of Community Medicine
Government Medical college, Surat

National Crime & Record Bueuro Ministry of Home & affaires
Study Design
: Cross - Sectional study

Study Setting
: College going students representing 1 Girl college, 1 Medical and 1 Engineering College, Surat were included.
(n=332)

Consent
: Permission from respective college authorities and verbal consent of students was obtained .

Study Period:
January 2013.
Inclusion Criteria:
students with their willingness to take part.

Data entry and Analysis
:
MS Excel and SPSS v19
Recommendation
RAPE : WHETHER IT IS LIFESTYLE PROBLEM
OR BEHAVIORAL?

Refrence: National Crime & Record Bueuro Ministry of Home & affaires
Every
20 minutes
, a woman is raped in India.

According to experts only
10%
of the rapes are reported.

The conviction rate for rape cases is 26 %.

Altogether (44,159) cases of different
sex-offences were registered across India.

India stands
Third
after England (62,100) and
Germany (47,070).
Rape myth is defined as
prejudicial
,
stereotyped
, or
false beliefs
about
rape
,
rape

victims
, or
rapists
(
Burt, 2003
).


Burt (2003)
states that, “Rape myths are part of general culture. People learn them in the same way they acquire other beliefs and attitudes - from their
families
, their
friends
,
movies, books
, etc.”
Rape Myth:
2. Updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale
(IRMA, 22 items)
(Payne, Lonsway McMahon & Farmer, 2011)

Likert scale from 1 to 5 is used.
1 = Strongly agree
2 = Agree
3 = Neutral
4 = Disagree
5 = Strongly disagree.
1.
Attitude towards Rape
Scale (21 items)



Scale ranges from
Always
Usually
Sometimes
Seldom &
Never.
Study tools:
Two pretested and structured scales were used.
Mean age of participants was 20.22 +1.27
Results
Attitude towards Rape Scale
Never-73%
Sometimes-6%
Never=40%
Sometimes=25%
When women says ‘no’ its actually ‘yes’?
When women says ‘no’ its actually ‘yes’?
Updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance
Scale


Cronbach's alpha
Overall alpha is
.834
(strong internal
consistency among the 4 categories.)
Results Contd..
Updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (IRMA)
Where 1 = strongly agree and 5 = strongly disagree.
No-97%
No- 92%
Current punishment ‘7 year imprisonment is enough for criminal of rape?
36%
54%
Death Penalty
Life time Imprisonment
Chemical Castration
If no then, According to you, what should be the Punishment for Rape?

Higher prevelence of Rape myths is found among the college going students of surat city.

The prevalence of rape myths is
higher
among college going
male
than female.

Youth of Surat considered rape as
serious offence
& strong punishment against rapists in the form of
death penalty.
Conclusion:
Sensitization regarding prevalent rape myths by Educational programs .

By providing information on why & how rape actually occurs this way will decrease rape-supportive attitudes.
Methodology
Cont….
The IRMA scale consists of
4
categories:
1. She asked for it
2. It wasn’t really rape
3. He didn’t mean to
4. She lied.


The IRMA is the most reliable rape myth scale to date.
Methodology
(Abbey A, Ross L, McDuffie D, McAuslan P. Alcohol and dating risk factors for sexual assault
among college women.Psychol Women Q. 1996;20:147–169.)
n=332
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