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The Rain Came

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on 27 October 2017

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Transcript of The Rain Came

Overview of Setting

Place
:It took place in Kenya , in a rural area
Time
: past
Mood
: In a village with drought, that would later experience rainfall, anxious and confused atmosphere and later to be joyous
Contextual issues
: religious where they look up to the ancestors, cultural belief is that sacrifice is good. And the “evil” forest is deeply feared.


Characters and their Significance to the story

Oganda
:
Her name means beans.
She was envied by her step mothers.
She is the Chief’s only daughter and his favorite child.
She wants to get married to Osinda and bear his children.
She’s being sacrificed so that the people will have rain.

Thank you!
Plot

Introduction
- We were introduced to the chief's daughter, she looked excited to see her father from afar because she thought he was bringing good news back to the people of Luo.
Rising Action
-The chief was praying to the ancestors through Ndithi, the medicine man who gave a prophecy that a young girl who is a virgin has to be sacrificed in order for the rain to come.
Climax-
This young virgin was no other but Oganda the chief’s daughter. She was to be sacrificed for the survival of her people. She tried to flee but was stopped by her father the chief. In order for the rain to come, she must go to the evil forest to drown in the sacred river.
Falling Action
- Osinda’s beloved came to her rescue and they flee from the evil forest , from the people of Luo and the eyes of the ancestors with the help of a leaf which is said to block the eyes of the ancestors..
Resolution
- The rain came even though Oganda did not drown in the river.

Conflicts in the story

Society versus environment
:In the village there has not been rain for sometime. They people are becoming worried regarding their survival.

Labong’O versus self
: The chief does not want to give up his only daughter to save the Luo tribe . “He loved his people, the Luo, but what were the Luo for him without Oganda? Her life had brought a new life in [his]’s world and he ruled better than he [remembered] .” (29)

The Rain Came
Written by : Grace Ogot
Literary Devices
Protagonist/Dynamic

Osinda
: Oganda’s lover
He gives Oganda a gold chain
That completes the prophecy given because when the chief sees it on her he knows that she is the sacrifice.
He saves Oganda from dying.
He makes her happy.
He loves her.
Flat/Minor
Labong'o and Ndithi

Labong’o
: he was the chief of the Luo people and he has to govern them
He has only one daughter and 19 sons bared to him by five wives.
He has difficult decisions to make

Ndithi
: He was the medicine man that gave the prophecy that he saw form “Podho, the ancestor of the Luo, appeared to [him] in a dream last night, and he asked [him] to speak to the chief and the people…” (Ogot,29)
Labong'o:Dynamic/Minor
and Ndithi:Flat/Antagonist
Minya
: Oganda’s mother and her only child is Oganda
She is the chief’s fifth wife.
She is in pain knowing her only child will die.

Nyang’o
: The chief’s messenger
He is the one who beats the drums and this draws the community or the chief’s family in the gathering place.

The little girl
who handed Oganda the earring: She gave this jewel to her so that once she passed over she can give it to her sibling who died and left it.

Flat/Minor

Oganda versus the Luo peoples (society)
: The villagers were rejoicing that Oganda was going to be the sacrifice that will bring the rain they desperately need. They say “if it is to save the people, if it is to give us rain, let Oganda go. Let Oganda die for her people, and for her ancestors”. (30)
Oganda versus fate/supernatural
: Oganda had the duty to be sacrificed to the lake monster. The villagers including Labong’O believed that if a virgin female was sacrificed to the monster, the rain would come and the drought would end.” Let her offer herself a sacrifice to the lake monster!...lest he be carried away by the floods”(30).
Oganda versus self
:
Oganda wants to get married to Osinda. She goes on thinking about how amount kids they will have .
She is very grieved and sadden that the only person who has the guts to stand up for her and not wish death is her mother.

The majority of the story is written in third person giving insight to other characters in the story. A narrator is the one telling the story, this person could be one of the villagers in the Luo tribe and is the one overseeing the outcome.


The Narrative Mode
Major Themes

Thinking of others above yourself might not be beneficial to anybody
.It can end up distorting you and the people around because you did not stand your ground. Oganda accepted her fate to be the sacrifice for her people because she wanted to save them and she thought that giving away her life was the way to do it

Leadership is not always sweet, it can be bitter:
Labong’o who is the chief had no say than to do as he was told. He had to sacrifice his only daughter among his 19 sons.



Sometimes in life all we need to do is be patience
and not jump into conclusions about what will happen to our welfare . As we see Oganda was supposed to be the offering for the gods so that the rain may fall in the land but that did not end up happening because her beloved Osinda rescued her. As they were running “ there was a bright lightning… Above them black furious clouds started to gather… the rain came down in torrents.” In their culture sacrifice was the only way to appease the gods in giving them what they desire but in truth they just needed to wait for the rain to come.



Social Commentary
In today’s culture we are suppose to mask our emotions
to everyone around us and act tough and if we do not we are considered weak. The chief “society declared him the bravest of men. But Labong’o did not care anymore. He assumed the position of a simple father and wept bitterly.” But there has to be a time when we need to be real with ourselves and be honest about our feels.

Many tribes in Africa rely on their religion
and if you don't live by that way then you will be shunned
Simile:
“They called her Oganda, meaning ‘beans’, because her skin was very fair.” (29) OR “her skin was as fair as the skin of a young deer in the wilderness” .(30) This is significant because it describes her as something obvious to the unknown evil of the world and it associates her with being innocent and timid.

Metaphor:
“Tall slender figure stood like a lonely reed at the riverbank…” this is important because it makes the character seem lonely, it give a description of what the character looks like as a tall slender figure and it is being compared to the reed and they plants that grow around wetlands and rivers.


Irony:
“ Tell me, is it my marriage you were discussing? You can take it from me that I won't marry any of them” (31)
Metaphor:
“ All these years she had been with her people she thought she understood them. But now she discovered she was a stranger among them” (32)
Metaphor:
“ Rain was the precious medicine” (Par 31)
Imagery: “Our cattle lie dying in the field” (28)
Imagery:
“ In the cloudless sky the moon shone brightly and the numerous stars glittered with a bewitching beauty” ( 32)
Symbolism:
“ A young woman who has not known man” (30)
Video


Give a little and you will get a lot
- Oganda is going to be sacrifice herself for her family and tribe. She was being selfless and heroic. Doing this act of bravery might have pleased the ancestors and might've been all they need to give the village water.
People like to celebrate your downfall
: When the tribe heard Oganda was being sacrificed to the lake monster, they were joyous, but if it were them, they would be devastated.
Full transcript