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Assignment 4: Plan a safe sporting activity
Transcript of Assignment 4: Plan a safe sporting activity
The only way you will make sure that your activities and sessions are safe and effective is by planning them. This planning should take place long before the start of the session (approximately 4 weeks). Initially it can take a while to plan sessions until you get used to the different factors that you have to take into account; but once you are familiar with these, your session planning will be easier. The different factors that you have to take into account are:
Roles and responsibilities
Suitability of venue
Guidelines and insurance
Roles and Responsibilities
Four weeks prior to organising an event you are expected to hire staff to carry out a variety of roles:
A good sports leader is able to teach people, organise and plan, motivate other, communicate effectively and wok as a team.
With this role comes a range of rights and responsibilities e.g. looking presentable, structuring sessions and communicating effectively. When hiring coaches you will need to consider the coach:pupil ratio for your particular sport (can be found on the NGB website for that sport).
As the person in charge of the session, it is your responsibility to ensure that adequate first aid provision is available.
NB: it is your responsibility to ensure all your staff are fully qualified!!
When organising a sporting activity you must follow the sporting recommendations and guidelines relating to equipment. Recommendations will relate to the
type of equipment
that can be used and the
appropriate use of equipment.
To comply with the Health and Safety Act you need to consider the following:
Suitability of site
Is there adequate space?
Is the facility designed for that sporting activity?
Accessibility e.g. emergency exits, noise/acoustics (is there an echo that could make instructions difficult to hear) suitable for people with particular needs (wheelchair users)
Suitability of participants to the activity
When planning your session, consider the following to ensure your participants are suited to the activity:
Age and experience of your participants
The number of participants
How well you know the group and how well they know you
Any specific learning needs
Any behavioural issues
Guidelines and Insurance
Sessions have guidelines that both participants and leaders must follow. The guidelines will be specific to the type of sporting activity you are running.
Legislative guidelines for sporting activities state that participants/coaches must:
Complete a warm up and cool down
Abide by the rules of the game
Provide appropriate personal and protective equipment when necessary
Report accidents / incidents (RIDDOR)
Provide/ have access to adequate first aid
All coaches must have insurance. If you are a member of a NGB you may have insurance included as part of your membership.
Suitability of group for activity and effectiveness of briefing
Suitability of equipment
Before the session starts, use enrollment forms to gather information about your participants (age, experience, gender etc). With this information you can ensure the equipment is suitable e.g. correct size of basketball and height of ring for the given age group.
The coach should review this during the activity through observation and asking participants. If participants are finding the skill too easy or difficult the equipment should be adapted accordingly.
Be able to plan a safe sporting activity
P5 Produce a plan for the safe delivery of a selected sports activity and review the plan (powerpoint).
M4 Explain the plan for the safe delivery of a selected sports activity and review the plan (powerpoint).
When planning a sporting activity what things do you think you need to consider?
Type of equipment:
Clothing: what is the recommend dress code?
(trampolining - fitted clothing, open water swimming - wetsuit)
PPE: Is protective equipment required for specific body areas?
(hockey - shin pads and mouth guard)
Appropriate use of equipment:
Equipment should be fit for purpose. This relates to the guidelines of sports equipment and recommendations such as size of footballs and goals in relation to the group. When deciding if the equipment for your session is fit for purpose, ask yourself the following questions:
What is the age of the equipment?
Is it in good quality condition?
Is the equipment being maintained correctly, including regular services?
How suitable is it for use by the age group involved?
Effectiveness of Risk Management
After planning an sporting activity a risk assessment must be completed to help reduce risk.
The risk assessment must be reviewed to find out how effective it has been.
Reviewing your risk assessment:
Avoid risk altogether?
Evaluate unavoidable risk?
Combat risks at source?
Adapt your work to an individual?
Adapt equipment as necessary?
Provide/receive adequate health and safety training?
Provide appropriate PPE for workers and participants?
A good sports leader and coach will review the effectiveness of each session to find out if goals were achieved.
At the beginning of a sporting activity the sports leader or coach will brief the participants on Health and Safety e.g. generic health and safety relating to the sport, what to do in case of an emergency and discipline and behaviour rules which all participants must agree to.
During the activity the sports leader and coach will make ongoing risk assessments/safety checks, enforce rules, follow legislation and differentiate the session to promote inclusion.
At the end of the session there should be an overall review of suitability of the activity.
Strengths and areas
When review your session, consider the strengths and weaknesses. While there are no set criteria there are areas to consider:
Did you assess the facility prior to the session?
Did you observe the session for health and safety issues as well as monitoring performance?
Was your plan detailed enough?
Did you brief participants at the start on health and safety?
Was your equipment appropriate for the session?
Was your facility appropriate for the session?
Did all your participants understand the instructions?
Were your risk management strategies effective?
Planning a Competition
When planning a competition you must:
• Select a sport
• Conduct a risk assessment for the facility and equipment
• Outline all equipment and facility requirements needed for the competition
• Specify how many participants per team (NGB guidelines)
• How many referees/ umpires required (NGB guidelines, need to be qualified)
• Age group of competition
Type of competition
Round robin or league where all teams play each other and all teams play the same number of games.
Knock out each team plays a game in the first round if they win they progress onto the second round. If they lose they are out.
Points (2=win, 1=draw, 0=lose)
Planning a Coaching Session
When planning a coaching session you must:
Select a sport
Conduct risk assessments for the facility and equipment used
Outline what equipment and facility requirements are needed
How many participants in each session (NGB guidelines)
How many qualified coaches are required (Coach : pupil ratio NGB guidelines)
Age group (some sports have age restrictions)
Structure - Health and safety brief, warm up, skill development, match/game, cool down and debrief
List other staff required for a sporting activity
When planning an sporting activity it is important to budget. The things you need to consider are:
First Aid provision
Venue and equipment hire
Example of costing for a trampolining coaching session for 24 participants for 1 hour.
Insurance - £57 (one off payment)
First Aid provision - Free (provided by leisure center)
Venue (one badminton court for one hour) - £8.00
Equipment (4 trampolines) - £60.00
Staff (two coaches) - £40
Entry fee - £10
Incoming - £240
Outgoings - £165
Profit - £75