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Transcript of Urban Farming
NY 9.5% property value increase
PA 30% property value increase Grow community connection. Promotes health and physical activity Protect the Environment Community With every $1.00 invested in a community garden generating $6.00 worth of vegetables. In low income cites where food cost 30-60 percent of income urban farms can help to stabilize food cost. Urban Farming by Caleb Cole, Valerie Saxton, Caitlin Lauer, Chris Green, and Kayla Ndahiro USDA defines as “the absence of sufficient food for a healthy and active lifestyle for all household members and existing food that does not meet nutritional requirements”
Between 2007 and 2008, 14.6% of the U.S. population
Between 2008 and 2009, 50.2 million Americans (17.2 million were children)
Cities vs. rural communities Food Insecurity Rise in food deserts
6 miles is average distance from home to grocery store
Those in poverty buy from fast food and convenience stores
Food at these places lacks nutritional value Food in Cities Paradox relationship
Few studies illustrate a connection found predominately in women and children
Result of low income households and insufficient transportation
Energy-dense foods rather than nutrient-dense foods
Skipping meals and overeating can lead to weight gain Obesity and Those in Poverty In 2008 - 862 million hungry people in the world
Estimate 1 billion in 2009
Early civilizations obtained food through hunters and gatherers
Egalitarian societies allowed for equal distribution of food
Agriculture created surplus of food then led to city growth and development Early History In 2008 more people were living in cities than in rural areas
Expected by 2030 that 2/3 of global population will be living in cities Urbanization Focus on profits
Monsanto - patented genetically modified canola crop
“Farming, itself has been reduced to a component in a larger system of agribusiness”
Local farmers are losing jobs
200,000 suicides committed by farmers in the last 13 years in India Food as a Commodity Average American makes an average of 1.7 trips
Offer little variety in food selection – 75% diversity gone U.S. FAO
Industrial farming requires uniform and consistent crops
Five corporations control 90% of the U.S. food supply
August 2010 salmonella scare – 500 million eggs recalled – came from one producer Modern Grocery Store Farms moved from mixed farming to monocrop farming
Produce large quantities of crops at low prices – makes food cheap for us Efficiency Americans tend to spend around 9.4% of their income on food
Real cost of a hamburger should be $200 not $4
"The environmental degradation of the industrial meat production, the loss of biodiversity, and the destruction of ecosystems in places like Brazil”
Average food item at the grocery store travels estimated 1,500 miles
Food system accounted for 16 to 17% of total U.S. energy consumption
1,000 tons of water =1 ton of grain,
1,300 gallons of water = 1 hamburger
Obesity epidemic adds $147 billion annually The Real Costs of Food Poverty rate in Missouri 15.8%
Food security is 16%
49.2% of Springfield students qualified for free or reduced lunches in 2009-2010 Local Statistics “a strategic path to Springfield’s future”
Its expected that 400,000 new residents will move to Springfield in the next 40 years
Wants to source 20% of its total food requirements from within a 100-mile radius by 2020 Springfield 2030 Field Guide “Urban farming can be the solution to society’s current health problems, financial crisis and food security; the ecocentric model as well can provide a basis for urban farming because of its focus on the intrinsic value of nature in and of itself.” The practice of processing and distributing food in a city or village to their local community.
Dates back to 18th century in Europe due to transformation in urbanization/industrialization
“urban relief gardens”-thought to be helping and sustaining populations from depressions
Started back up in 1960-70s in US for relaxation and recreational purposes
1990s- became very popular (showed the rising income, food supply, and self independence) What is Urban Farming? Lowers transportation time, which means people get full nutritional value of product
Produce Biointensive Agriculture = focuses more on organic system within specific measurements of land, while improving fertility of soil
Better food security and safety- consumer knows exactly how food is maintained (pesticides, herbicides, etc) and who maintained it
More greenery to cities
Eliminate heat island effect
Knowledge of all your food
Develop relationships with local farmers Benefits Time consuming
Tough to gain client base
More money spent than gained at beginning
Trash washing up on land from littering
Cost of infrastructure or machinery (if used)
Not having the education to know the benefits of urban farming Disadvantages CSA
SUAC- local organization
Urban Roots Farm- local farmer Organizations People do not realize what they are putting into their bodies. Much of the food that is found in grocery stores today have been filled with additives that are meant to keep you coming back for more. These additives are typically not natural and are more harmful than people realize. Major food companies use additives and marketing campaigns to keep customers coming back for more. Money is the number one factors for these companies; the overall well-being of the customer is not the primary motivator. What is the big picture? Product of industrialized food systems
Contain additives that can be harmful
High amounts of sugar
High fructose corn syrup
Pink slime Processed Foods Increased in 1950s
Product of industrialization of the food system
Slow food to fast food
Easy, fast, cheap
Lack of awareness-
Taco Bell, McDonald’s, Burger King
The value/dollar menu The Fast Food Industry Increased risk for:
Type 2 Diabetes
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
Various cancers- colon, breast, prostate
Respiratory Problems/Sleep Apnea Obesity leads to… In the United States, 35.7% of adults are considered obese. That is more than 1/3 of the adult population (cdc.gov)
Within the state of Missouri, about 30% of adults are considered obese.
Which state is ranked the highest in regards to obesity?
Which state is ranked the lowest? What is the problem? Food Labels Ad Campaigns Marketing Campaigns Food Labels Food companies and manufacturers use ad campaigns to make people think that eating or drinking a particular food will make their life so much better.
The goal is to make people want and crave their product. Ad Campaigns Marketing Campaigns Present Day-
No longer Hunter-Gatherers
Large Industrialized Farms have become the answer to feed the population.
“Food [has become] an industrialized product of global capitalism” (Dowler, Kneafsey, Cox, & Holloway)
Food needs to be: uniform, safe, and predictable.
Losing connection with food Industrialization of Food The Origins:
Hunters and Gatherers-
Hunted animals in small groups
Gathered edible vegetation
Lived in small communities
Moved with the food source
Connection with food Industrialization of Food The Industrialization of the Food System/Market
The Fast Food Industry
Marketing Campaigns of Food Companies
Processed Foods The Causes Urban Farming----Ecocentrism Connections to our local environmental issue. It is clear that we have serious problems concerning the natural world. Even if some of these ecocentric solutions were incorporated into our current school of thought, very beneficial changes would occur.
Land Ethic: Advocate human responsibility toward the natural world.
Deep Ecology: Intensive questioning of the values and lifestyles that originally led to serious environmental problems. Aldo Leopold ( rapid deterioration of the environment)
J. Baird Callicott (importance of conservation values)
Holmes Rolston III (blending anthropocentrism with biocentric values)
Bill Devall (influencing political policies) Eco-centric Theorists/influence Eco-centrism: Based on the philosophical premise that the natural world has inherent or intrinsic value. Our Ethical Approach: Ecocentrism Pesticides used in agriculture and lawn care can harm our health and the environment. NRDC has worked for decades to reduce health risks from pesticides. We hold EPA accountable as it regulates the pesticides used in our homes, gardens and farms, and close loopholes that allow chemical companies to sell pesticides that haven't been proven safe. We also promote pest management practices that focus on preventing pest problems -- reducing or eliminating the need to use toxic chemicals in the first place. National Resource Defense Counsel NRDC Missouri main crops produced: 1.corn bushels~439,417,160
3.wheat bushels~36,293,751 Food companies also use food labels to deceive people.
They use phrases like “made with real fruit” or “helps maintain a healthy heart” while the nutritional/ingredient labels tells a different story Criticisms: Is Ecocentism too extreme? It doesn’t have to be. Consider This! Dry apples have up to 81% sugar
Missouri highest production is soybeans and corn. what chemicals are added to make veggies "stay fresh" so long!
French fries, hash browns, chicken nuggets, sausage, diet coke, coffee & iced tea do not contain HFCS or sucrose, provided you don't add sugar, ketchup or dipping sauces to any of these foods, McDonalds
Reduction of costly health condition like high blood pressure, heart condition, kidney damage etc. Cause of crop loss:
16% excess moisture
1% other (high fructose corn syrup) In consideration of crop loss:
crops/cattle are less than 20% of consumer products
scale of equilibrium http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/vKEfKZERUdcndVN http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/DXRUauGcYdnYb5c