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Evaluating Sources using the CRAAP test

An instructional presentation on the ways to evaluate sources to determine credibility.

John Johansen

on 28 October 2014

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Transcript of Evaluating Sources using the CRAAP test

Evaluating Sources using the CRAAP test
The CRAAP test helps you distinguish good information from... crap.
What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?
Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?
Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
Where to find this info?
References or Bibliography
Mission Statement
Web Site's Content
Are the links working?
Where to find this info?
Copyright Date
Date Published
Last Revised Date
Look for dates:
Check the links!
When was the information published or posted?
Has the information been revised or updated?
two letter country code (i.e. .ca, .uk, .jp, etc.) = International
state abbreviation, then .us (i.e. .vt.us) = State Agency
Does your topic require current information or will older sources work as well?
Where does the information come from?
Is the information supported by evidence?
Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
.com or .net = anyone, especially used for commercial reasons
.gov = U.S. Government or Federal Agency
.edu = educational entity
.org = Non-profit Organization
.mil = U.S. Military
Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
Who is the intended audience?
Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
Creative Commons
Where to find this info?
About Us
Who are we?
Contact Us
Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?
Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
Document Title
Web Site Title
Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
.us= any American person, business or organization
.int = selected United Nations' agencies
A word about Wikipedia:
Only use information from Wikipedia if it has a citation listed and after you evaluate that source for credibility.
Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
Learning Objective
I can gather relevant information from multiple print & digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism.
The timeliness of the information

The importance of the information for your needs

The source of the information

The reliability and correctness of the
informational content

The reason the information exists
Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?
Google Search: Evolution
Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source (i.e. .com .edu .gov .org .net)?
Look for these key phrases:
Also look for:
Author info/bio at the end of articles
Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?
Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?
Full transcript