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Van Gogh- REVISED
Transcript of Van Gogh- REVISED
Van Gogh was born in 1853 in Groot-Zundert, an area in the south part of the Netherlands. Van Gogh was brought up in a religious and cultural atmosphere. He was highly emotional and lacked self-confidence. Van Gogh decided to become an artist approximately around the years 1860-1880. He studied art in Belgium when he was at a young age.
Vincent Van Gogh was the oldest child of Theodorus Van Gogh. Van Gogh was a sensitive, serious boy who preferred solitude to the companionship of family and friends. He loved flowers, birds, and insects. Van Gogh was a good student, but his choice of clothing and eating habits along with his solitary attitude, made him appear strange to others from a young age.
His first successful painting was called "The Potato Eaters", which is depicted on the left. This painting was the culmination of several years work painting peasant character studies. His work was first exhibited in the windows of a paint dealer, Leurs, in The Hague.
Starry Night was painted while Vincent was in the asylum at Saint-Remy as his behavior was very erratic at this time. Unlike most of his works, Starry Night was painted from memory and not outdoors as was Vincent's preference. This may, in part, explain why the emotional impact of the work is so much more powerful than many of Van Gogh's other works from the same period. The tumultuous style of these works may reflect a tortured mind. This is what makes Starry Night not only Vincent's most famous work, but also one of its most frequently interpreted in terms of meaning and importance.
After painting The Potato Eaters, Van Gogh decided to drop the dark colors after discovering the palette to be horrendously out of date. He adopted brighter and more vibrant colors and began experimenting with the techniques he saw in the works of impressionist and post impressionists. He began to research the techniques and styles found in the Japanese artwork he had discovered a year earlier.
“They are vast stretches of wheat under troubled skies, and I did not have to go out of my way very much in order to try to express sadness and extreme loneliness…. I'm fairly sure that these canvases will tell you what I cannot say in words, that is, how healthy and invigorating I find the countryside.”
-Van Gogh in a letter to his close friend Theo.
Though no one trully knows which painting was indeed Van Gogh's last, these three were painted at very close points in time. They all were influenced by some degree of physical and emotional issues.
Van Gogh died in July 29, 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise, France.
He was thirty-seven years old.
Every Continent except Antarctica has collections of Van Gogh's works. But the largest collections is the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam where there are over 200 of his works.
There are also many of Van Gogh's works in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Van Gogh Museum
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Facts about Vincent van Gogh:
In a short period of ten years Van Gogh made approximately 900 paintings.
Vincent van Gogh did not cut off his ear. He only cut off a small portion of his ear lobe.
Vincent only sold one painting during his lifetime and only became famous after his death.
Van Gogh was close friends with Paul Gauguin, another famous artist.
His medium was paint.
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Van Gogh spent all his money, given to him by his brother theo, on art supplies. Therefore, he was very malnourished at the time. Van Gogh and Gauguin both went to Arles aspiring to turn it into an artist's haven. In this project, the men worked well together, but had constant arguments about art and techniques.
As the weather worsened they were forced to stay indoors for longer periods of time. Their arguments worsened with time as Van Gogh's mental state declined, possibly due to cabin fever, poor nutrition, stress, or all three combined. Van Gogh worried that Gauguin would leave him so he confronted him with a razor blade. Van Gogh did not want to kill his old friend so he fled to a local brothel. While there he cut off his ear, gave it to a prostitute, and eventually returned home. Gauguin never returned home that night as it is assumed that he left Gogh after the scuffle.
Vincent Van Gogh
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Vincent Van Gogh's oompa-loompas
Eugene Henri Paul Gauguin (June 7, 1848 - May 8, 1903 was a leading post-impressionist painter. His element of art was oil on canvas as he loved to paint ever since he was a child. Gauguin was great friends with Van Gogh as they critiqued and gave praise on each other's artwork. However, Gauguin and Van Gogh would get into arguments with each other as the situation only got worse. Van Gogh then confronted Gauguin with a razor blade. After Van Gogh ran away Gauguin was assumed to have packed his things and never returned to live with Van Gogh.
These are some of Van Goghs paintings