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Portraiture

Art I
by

melissa lesser

on 17 August 2016

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Transcript of Portraiture

Portrait
Today's Standards: TEKS level I
#1. PERCEPTION:
compare and contrast the use of art elements and design principles in artworks and use vocabulary accurately

#2. EXPRESSION: create visual solutions from direct observation
#3. HISTORICAL:
compare and contrast historical and contemporary styles finding themes and trends

Today's Objectives
Understand the process of creating a portrait
Analyze the differences in portraiture throughout history
Be able to correctly identify art elements in a portrait

Review of Prior Knowledge
What is a portrait?
A Portrait is the artistic representation of a person where the face is dominant


What is Roman Realism and explain how and why they produced their sculpture busts? (slide 10 – 10 pts)

What is meant by Idealism and Humanism in relationship to Classical Greek Art? Why did the Classical Greeks produce the art that they did? Give two examples of how the Classical Greeks of Idealism and Humanism in their sculptures. (slide 9 – 30 points)
Assessment
Draw an oval.
Step 1
Learning to Draw Faces
Proportions of a Portrait
Draw a portrait in pencil starting with the mechanics of the proportions of a portrait that is rendered in such a way that is reflects the “real person”.


Using a copy of your photo complete a grid enlargement
Portrait Project
NECK
The neck begins at the base of the ear and slants inwards.
Step 11
EARS
The ear placement is between the eye line and the nose line.
Step 10
NOSE WIDTH
The width of the end of the nose is as wide as the space between the eyes.
Step 9
CHIN
This is just a suggestion for a minimal amount of shading for the chin.
Step 7
EYE PLACEMENT
On the eye line divide length into 5 equal parts.
Step 5
NOSE
Divide the bottom in half again.
Step 3
Proportions of a Portrait
Provides a “sense of life” quality.
Archaic Sculptures
Proportions of a Portrait
The Discus Thrower
Greek Idealism
Today most of us know that there is no such thing as a “perfect” human being, but the ancient Greeks had a different idea.

They believed that
perfection
of mind and character must be contained in a perfect body. As a result, Greek figures are
idealized
appearing heroic, athletic and well proportioned.
The Search for Perfection
Characteristics:
Kore – clothed female figure
Kouros – nude male youth
Freestanding
Frontal stance
Left foot forward
Clenched fists
Puppet-like Pose
Idealized
Originally painted to emphasize natural appearance
Illustrates the “Archaic Smile” (the sign of life)
Peplos Kore, about 530 BC, Marble, 4` high. Acropolis Museum, Athens
WIDTH OF MOUTH
The width of the mouth is as wide as the center points of the pupils of the eyes.
Step 8
MOUTH
Place this line between the nose line and the bottom of the oval.
Step 6
Divide in half vertically.
Step 4
EYES
Divide in half.
Step 2
Athena: Classical Greek Art Period
Perfect but Human
Idealism has to do with the concept of perfection.

Humanism (Realism): “Man is the measure of all things.”
Realism
or Humanism is defined as a view of life based on nature, dignity, and interest of people (Rather than superstitions like the Egyptians.)
Idealism and Humanism
323-31 BC
Nike of Samothrace
(about 200 BC)

Sweeping and energetic forward movement
Greek Hellenistic Period
(480 -323 BC)
Athena, by Myron
Museum in Frankford Germany


Athena
Gown gathers at the waist and hangs in natural-looking folds, suggest the presence of a real body underneath.
Form and Posture of a real woman
Demonstrates the classical contrapposta position (natural “s” curve on body) “weight shift” A real breakthrough in the art of representing the human figure.
Greek Classical Period
They have been adopted as a guide for the mechanics of portrait drawing.
But first, we will take a brief look back to discover where this “idealized set of proportions originated.
The proportions of a portrait is based on an “Idealized” set of proportions represented in the
Ancient Greek Sculptures.
In the beginning…..
Athena: Classical Greek Art Period
Perfect but Human
Archaic Greeks represented man in an idealized / perfect manner.
The believed that “Man is the measure of all things” they looked toward nature rather than spiritualism to produce art.
The Classical Greeks built upon the “Idealism” and included a more life-like / humanistic representation of man including such things as contrapposto and natural looking folds.
Idealism and Humanism
The proportions of a portrait is based on an “Idealized” set of proportions represented in the Ancient Greek Sculptures.
Project Requirements
But how do you get from Ideal Human to Realistic Drawing
-You must use a picture that you have taken (it can be a family member, friend or you at a younger age)
-Make sure to have an interesting concept behind/around your portrait
-Detail, accurate proportions, value and neatness determine your grade, along with time on task
-Realism is key so you must bring in a photocopy or print out of your portrait for reference (this is mandatory and part of your grade)
Greek Idealism Carries Over...
During the 17th century an art style was popular called
Neoclassical
(or 'new' classical) where the artists looked to classical Greek for inspiration
Jacques-Louis David
Napoleon
Kehinde Wiley
a Modern New York based painter who plays with the idea of being a hero in present day society.
Compare and Contrast
List 5 Similari
1. List five similarities and five differences?
2. What do you think Wiley was trying to say with this modern painting?
3. Which painting do you think is better? why?
-Make sure you have a good quality (not blurry) picture

-Make sure the image is interesting and you will enjoy drawing it (because it will take a while to draw)

-If you do not have a printer or will be unable to print it you can email your picture to me
lesserm@cfbisd.edu
Full transcript