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Medicating With Music

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Ken Timmins

on 23 May 2013

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Transcript of Medicating With Music

Medicating with Music Thesis Statement Counterpoint Main Point 1: Music is Power *Warning this presentation was created under the influence of Mozart Restated Thesis Thesis: Despite its intangible facade, music therapy is a legitimate form of medication stimulating brain development while reducing repugnant effects caused by stress. Context Who? Lead Thesis: Despite its intangible facade, music therapy is a legitimate form of medication stimulating brain development while reducing repugnant effects caused by stress. Music therapy is not a valid form of medication because it is not curative of disease and ‘music therapists’ are not always credited By Ken Timmins Rhetorical Questions Main Point 2: Veterans Main Point 3: Speech Disorders Main Point 4: Communities Main Point 5: Dementia Conclusion Despite its intangible facade, music therapy is a legitimate form of medication stimulating brain development while reducing repugnant effects caused by stress Unbenounced to you, have you been experiencing music therapy within your daily life? How do you decipher between music therapy and other ‘bedside’ music? Statistics What emotions are evoked when you hear the theme song to your favorite childhood show? “75 to 80% of all visits to primary care physicians in the U.S. are for stress related complaints” Prof. Dr. Paul J. Rosch (President of the American College of Physicians) “4 out of 5 American workers describe their jobs as being ‘very stressful’, and the World Health Organization (WHO) recently declared that job stress has now become a worldwide epidemic.” (Chen) “these unique medical music preparations can be four to eight times more effective than tranquilizers in reducing the effects of stress” (Chen) Motivation Discussion Questions Have you ever used music to express your mood? Have you ever used music to change your mood? What reaction do you have to hearing your favorite song on the radio? Do you associate certain songs and artists with specific memories and feelings? Compare and Contrast your difference in mood when the radio is playing in the car vs. when there is no sound at all. What? When? Where? How? Relationship between Music therapist and patient Qualifications for a music therapist: embodies: empathy, patience, creativity, imagination, openess to new ideas (American Music Therapy Association)
complete academic and clinical training program by the AMTA
complete written objective exam demonstrating current competency of music therapy (CBMT)
Certification by the Certification Board for Music Therapists (CBMT) “the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional” (American Music Therapy Association)
Also Known as "Psychiatric music therapy” and “psychotherapy" (Erkkilä)
Two Categories: Receptive and Active (Erkillä) When a patient has: developmental and learning disabilities
Alzheimer's disease and other aging related conditions
substance abuse problems
brain injuries
physical disabilities
acute and chronic pain, including mothers in labor (American Music Therapy Association) PTSD, Speech Disorders, Dementia Began in the U.S. in the late 1800s (History of Music Therapy) Practiced in the following places: psychiatric hospitals
rehabilitative facilities
medical hospitals
outpatient clinics
day care treatment centers
agencies serving developmentally disabled persons
community mental health centers
drug and alcohol programs
senior centers
nursing homes
hospice programs
correctional facilities
halfway houses
schools,
and private practice (American Music Therapy Association) The emphasis is in musical experiences as a tool of self-expression and interaction (Erkkilä)
The goal is to find or create music that resonates with the patient
“many forms of music interventions are used, such as improvising music, singing, songwriting as well as listening to music” (Treating Stress, Speech Disorders with Music) Listen to your favorite CD in a relaxed environment and note how you feel before and after musical ‘meditation’
“turn off the news and turn up the Mozart” – David Was
Write letter to congress to support music therapy research
Dan Cohen has invested (not spent) 20+ years of his life to the research, development and application of music therapy in America. Recognizing Cohen’s credibility, passion and vision, share your knowledge of music therapy when listening to music with friends and family Why? used to: improve learning, build self-esteem, reduce stress, support physical exercise (Boyer College of Music and Dance) Top 12 Reasons music therapy works: 1. Music is a core function in our brain
2. Our bodies entrain to rhythm
3. We have physiologic responses to music
4. Children (even infants) respond readily to music
5. Music taps into our emotions
6. Music helps improve our attention skills
7. Music uses shared neural circuits as speech
8. Music enhances learning
9. Music taps into our memories
10. Music is a social experience
11. Music is predictable, structured, and organized–and our brain likes it
12. Music is non-invasive, safe and motivating (Postitscience.com) It is not a cure all type of alternative medicine
epileptic seizures, often resulting in psychiatric complications (Positive & Negative Effects of Music)
patients consult with people who are not credited music therapists
increased agitation, increased heart rate (to dangerous levels), and decreased oxygen saturation rates (Lillieth) Music embodies the power to link patients to seemingly forgotten information and influence attitude. "Violins could be more effective than Vicoden" - David Was (Harp Therapy)
Mayo Clinic
Department stores (Music Therapy)
Congress? Music’s dynamic nature allows patients of varying conditions help through emotion regulation. Music is Power Music is Power Music listeners “utilize music for emotion regulation” (Erkkilä)
Non verbals
PTSD
Depression Music therapist target specifically where the patient can improve and build a relationship centered on emotion regulation through the music Music is Power Music Therapy is mutually beneficial. “soothed, distracted,[and] reminded of happier times” (Bankes)
The patients animate “the lightening of mood, the almost tangible sense of engagement” (Xenakis) Veterans (PTSD) Music therapy programs allow veterans a hobby providing an escape from the horrors of combat. Guitars for Vets provides “free lessons and a guitar” to U.S. war veterans (Guitar Heroism)
"It has that same tactile feeling of safety” -Mark Duran
Depressed and Angry Veterans (PTSD) Willard Mathis Participates in TVHS’s songwriting therapy program to overcome the stress of PTSD
“These [songs] are their stories, and each one is a stone in their paths to recovery” (Veterans Show Off Songwriting Talents)
Emotion regulation
Bridge of comunication The title of Mathis’ group’s songs is “Still Coming Home” which captures a verteran’s “struggle to fully transition from the battlefield” (Veterans Show off Songwriting Talents) Speech Disorders Music therapy allowed Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords a second chance to make a difference Casas Adobles Safeway in Tuscan, Arizona on Jan. 8th 2011
could not speak
1 year of music therapy
“Her family credits music therapy for helping to get her voice back” (The Healing Power of Music) Speech Disorders “songs can be a remarkable bridge from music to the restoration of language” (Treating Stress, Speech Disorders with Music).
Stimulates the right side of the brain
View their body as the emeny before therapy Communities Music therapy groups and communities provide an escape from injury with the support of patients with similar conditions. Barre Toelken “I had none of these songs left in my head...a little bit at a time, I realized I still had the songs in my head” (Group Singalongs Provide Comfort For A Livelihood Lost) “I was a little uneasy at first, but I got to feeling better about it because I had the other guys with me up there,” Willard Mathis (Tennessee Valley gov). “educational, psychological and health” (Xenakis) Music therapy reconnects patients suffering from dementia with their ‘lost’ pasts Dementia “long-term memory of music when one was young remains very often” (Elders With Dementia, Musical Awakenings)
taps into memory and familiarity - allows patients something to hold onto
"no instances of increased isolation, but a flood of stories of increased socialization”
Dan Cohen
John Wolski "If valid is interpreted as curative of disease, there is no evidence to support this" - Timothy S. Cleary, M.D. Dementia Music Halls aid patients suffering from dementia with the help of charities. Music for Life (1993)
Linda Rose Before Therapy: “isolated and withdrawn” After Therapy: “a smile of astonished delight and total engagement” (Bredin) Restated Thesis: So What? Although music therapy is not curative of disease, it is helpful medication combating the symptoms stress within patients. http://abcnews.go.com/2020/video/music-helping-gabrielle-giffords-heal-14952968 Mark Duran
Willard Mathis Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords
Barre Toelken Mark Duran Congresswoman Garbielle Giffords Dan Cohen Picture/Video URLs:
http://whsc.emory.edu/home/publications/health-sciences/community-benefits/img/elderly_music_520.jpg
http://www.healthyfellow.com/images/2010/01/music-therapy.jpg
http://innovativenursing.com/wp-content/uploads/Elderly-with-headphones.jpg
http://static.tumblr.com/fivdahk/p60m6qzms/m4m_vets_final.jpg
https://fbcdn-sphotos-b-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-prn1/p480x480/603842_10151426088474607_1968213075_n.jpg
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-z5VCVfwPxlU/TbaoxlJWv_I/AAAAAAAAAAg/NTuWa9XtP4k/s1600/music-therapy+%25281%2529.jpg
http://www.aplaceformom.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Dan_Cohen.jpg
http://www.purpleheart.org/Images/ScholarshipWinners2011/MARK%20DURAN.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cd/Gabrielle_Giffords_official_portrait.jpg/220px-Gabrielle_Giffords_official_portrait.jpg
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