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Key Battles and Turning Points of World War One
Transcript of Key Battles and Turning Points of World War One
The Triple Alliance is formed This was one of the most important battles of world war I. Germay defeated Russia in this battle. Russia's equipmet was outdated and in short supply. Also their leaders weren't as strong as Germany's. Russia lost 125,000 soldiers while Germany only lost 13,000 soldiers. This battle created a stalemate on the western front. This led to trench warfare. Like many battles in world war I, trench warfare was very ineffective. When the Germans attacked Belgium this brought Great Britain into the war. Not only did Germany have to worry about France, but it now had to worry about Great Britain as well. In efforts to open up the strait of the Dardanelles, the allies sent British, Indian, Australian, and New Zealander troops. Turkish troops then trapped the allies. They kept them for ten months then finally the allies withdrew from the Dardanelle. There were more than 200,000 casualties during this battle. May 1916
The Sinking of Lusitania February 21st - December 18th 1916
The Battle of Verdun May 31st - June 1st 1916
The Battle of Jutland July 1st-November 18th 1916
Battle of Somme Febuary 1st 1917
Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare
Zimmermann Note April 1917
US declares war on Germany October 1917
Battle of Caporetto January 1918
Fourteen Points March 3rd 1918
Treaty of Breat-Litovsk November 11th 1918
Final showdown on the Western Front November 11th 1918
The Great War comes to an end The Triple Alliance consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary,and Italy. This alliance was a big factor in the start of World War I. This added to the tangle of alliances which essentially led to war. August 26th -31st 1914
The Battle of Tannenberg
February 1915- January 1916
Battle of Gallipoli
Semptember 5th - 12th 1914 The Battle of The Marne
This ship transported many goods between Britain and the United States. During this time Germany started using U-boats, or submarines, and was sinking ships with them. A German submarine torpedoed Lusitania off the coast of Ireland and killed nearly 1,200 passengers. This contributed to the process of getting the United States involved in the war. In this battle the Germans tried to break the stalemate by attacking the French town of Verdun. They bombarded the city for 24 hours. Then they attacked them with force for about a month. At one point the Germans were close to defeating them but the French fought heroically and stopped them. 315,000 French soldiers were killed and 282,000 German soldiers were killed. The battle like many in world war I accomplished little and it didn't break the stalemate. Russia had been blockaded by Germany. Germany had been blockaded by Britain. The allies wanted to break this blockade. The only way to do this was to take control of the Baltic, and the only way to take control of the Baltic was to destroy the High Seas Fleet. Over 250 ships were involved. This was one of the major naval battles in world war I. The British launched an attack on the Somme River in northwest France to try relieve German pressure on Verdun. With this battle, not much was achieved and there were many casualties. They used new tanks and flamethrowers causing the British and French about 615,000 casualties and German about 650,000. The outcome of this battle was simply that the chief of the German General Staff was removed and replaced and many casualties happened. Arhtur Zimmermann, the German foreign minister, wrote to his ambassador in Mexico telling him "to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona". Britain intercepted this note and revealed it to the American government. The result of the Zimmermann note was President Wilson asked congress to declare war on Germany. The Germans had built many submarines, U-boats, to make themself strong enough against the powerful British navy. "Cruiser rules" were stopped and German submarines were ordered to sink any vessels in sight. The use of unrestricted submarine warfare was one of the main reasons the US got involved in the war.
After seeing the Zimmermann note, Wilson declares war. The US spent time recruiting, training, supplying, and transporting their new strong army across the Atlantic. By the time they were ready they had about two million soldiers joining the Allied troops fighting on the Western Front. They didn't actually fight much but they did give confidence to the Allies. The battle of Caporetto was one of the few successes in World War I. Austro-Hungarian forces were nearing the point of collapse so they turned to their German ally. Together they broke through the defensive line along Northern Isonzo. There were about 30,000 Italian casualties and 275,000 Italians were captured. There were about 20,000 Austro-Hungarian and German casualties together. These were big loses but they quickly built back their armies. The Treaty was peace agreement between Central Powers and Russia. It was a peace treaty in force for only eight months. Turkey forced Germany into signing it. It stated "Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey for the one part, and Russia for the other part, being in accord to terminate the state of war, and to enter into peace negotiations as speedily as possible". Fourteen Points were a list of terms wrutten by the US president, Woodrow Wilson, for resolving this war and preventing future ones. Some of the points were freedom to navigate the seas, no more secret agreements, an end to economic barriers, and self-determination. Wilson presented his fourteen points to his Allied colleagues on January 8th and had trouble accepting them. Some Europeon countries accepted them though, like France and Italy. The Germans wanted have a victory before the Americans arrived so they launced a huge offensive. They pushed the allies back 40 miles but the American troops were arriving. The Allies then fought back, driving the Germans out. Germany and Austria-Hungary were both then collapsing when Germany asked for an armistice. The final showdown on the Western Front marked the end of the war. German government sought an armistice with the allies and the Great War was over. May 23rd1915
Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary By doing this, a new front had now been opened in World War I, stretching 600 kilometers. 1916
The Balkan War Germany attacked Serbia and Bulgaria enterned soon later. Germany achieved their goal of a passage through the Balkans. The Balkans were called the "powder keg of europe" because of all the wars. Key Battles and Turning Points of World War I