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Theater in 1640-1655

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by

Andrea Lemus Durst

on 20 August 2014

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Transcript of Theater in 1640-1655

The Globe Theater
What they looked like...
Public that were polygonal
Three types of seating
Unroofed yard
Contained a trap so the people could ascend from a darkened cellar.





Spanish Theater
2 Types of theaters:
Auto Sacramentales.
Performed in two or four stoty wagons.
Performed by professional acting troupes and mixed civic and religious authority.
1596, Burbage purchased the blackfairs property. It had originally been a Dominican Theater. Burbage renovated it to make it the first indoor theater. It was closed, residents petitioned for it to ban performances.
How They Operated
How Theaters Looked and Operated
Unknown Builder, possible Builder might me James Burbage.
It was made of wood, ironwork scattered through out.
Attiring houses for the actors, and galleries and luxury sets providing better viewing and privacy. These seats would cost an extra penny.
The Theater
1640-1655
Structure
BlackFairs

The Corrales
It was a theater in London associated with William Shakespeare.
Famous writer who wrote many plays and sonnets like:
Romeo and Juliet
Hamlet
It was built in 1599 by Shakespeare's playing company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, on land owned by Thomas Brend.
It was destroyed by fire on 29 June 1613.
It was rebuilt in June 1614 and closed in 1642.
Demolished in 1644.
Replicas have been built in Tokyo and in London.

• 3,000 people
• Not all were seated.
• Seats in the galleries were for people from the upper classes, “Lord’s Rooms”
• The lower-class spectators, stood in the open courtyard and watched the play on their feet. “groundlings”
they were loud and rambunctious
and were allowed to eat, drink, and socialize as the play was going on
• Lots of action and bawdy humor

Sitting arrangement
three stories of seats
Gentlemen's room
yard
hexagonal structure
with an inner court about 55 feet across.
three-stories high
had no roof
flag
The Outside of the Globe
Stage
Outer stage
"hell"
The inner stage (inner room)
Theaters began during 1570´s in Spain.
Usually used for charitable organizations.
1st permanent theater built in Madrid (The corral de la cruz)

SOURCES
http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nadrama/content/review/shorthistory/antiquity-18c/spanish.aspx
http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nadrama/content/review/shorthistory/antiquity-18c/english1576.aspx
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Burbage
http://www.shakespeare-online.com/biography/richardburbage.html
https://www.playshakespeare.com/study/elizabethan-theatres
Setbacks:


Public Theater
Polygonal with 3 types of audience seating
Unroofed yard, contained a trap so characters could ascend from a cellar
Pulleys under the roof to raise and lower props and actors.
MOST KNOWN COMPANIES
The admiral's men.

Lord chamberlain's men.
INCLUDED:

SWAN
THE ROSE
THE FORTUNE
THE GLOBE
Black plague
Puritan
Shutdown
At the base of the stage, there was
an area called the pit, where, people
would stand to watch the performance.
Groundlings would eat hazelnuts
during performances or oranges.
Large columns on either side of the stage supporting a roof over the rear portion of the stage
The ceiling under the roof called the "heavens," and may have been painted with clouds and the sky
A trap door in the heavens enabled performers to descend using some form of rope and harness.
The back wall of the stage had two or three doors on the main level
A curtained inner stage in the center and a balcony above it
The doors entered into the "tiring house" where the actors dressed and awaited their entrances.
The balcony housed the musicians and could also be used for scenes requiring an upper space
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