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Copy of Sentence Types

Grammar Mini-Lesson
by

Kelly Carey

on 8 November 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Sentence Types

Sentence Types
Lacey Austin, Kelly Carey,
Stephanie Edens, Kristina Richardson
Declarative
4 Types:
Interrogative
Imperative
Exclamatory
What kind of sentence is it?
What book or movie is the sentence from?
Practice
1.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Thank you for your attention!
2.
Declarative
Interrogative
Imperative
Exclamatory
4 Structures:
Simple
Complex
Compound
Compound-
Complex

Simple
Complex
Compound
Compound-Complex
yes/no and wh- questions
verb (or auxiliary) goes in front of subject
They are going to the beach. (declarative)
Are they going to the beach? (yes/no)
Where are they going? (wh- question)
Clause
A group of words with a subject and a predicate
All sentences are clauses, but not all clauses are sentences
dependent
independent (main)
Includes two or more independent clauses connected with a coordinating conjunction
subordinate
Practice
What sentence structure is it?
What book or movie is the sentence from?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Commands
Subject is not stated
Understood "you"
Casual speech
Not common in formal writing
Subject

Predicate
(you) Shut the door.
(you) Take out the trash.
(you) Write a paper.
"A sentence that includes at least one dependent clause"
(Dependent clause: not a complete sentence)

Independent clause

Dependent clause
You must do your homework

before you play outside.


Dependent clause

Independent clause
Since he was out of milk
,
he went to the grocery store
.

When he went to the store
,
there was only one gallon of milk left

because the other gallons had been recalled.
"Don't ever ask to leave this tower again."
Basic statement structure
Ten sentence patterns
State, or declare, a fact or an opinion
Chicago is my favorite city
Because it rained, the children stayed inside for recess.
She selected navy and silver as the color scheme for the homecoming dance
"Quiet down, Elphaba,"
whispered Glinda.
A sentence with a dependent clause and more than one independent clause

Although I like to go shopping
,
I haven't had the time to go lately,
and I haven't found anyone to go with.

He forgot his aunt's birthday,
so he sent her a card
when he remembered.

If we win this game,
our team will play for the championship,

and we will get to go to Florida.
"There will be twenty-four of us. Odds are someone else will kill him before I do."
"Life moves pretty fast. If you don't stop and look around once in a while, you could miss it."
"When they're finished putting first class people in the boat, they'll be starting with us."
"It is a strange fate that we should suffer so much fear and doubt over so small a thing."
Usually think of sentences spoken with heightened emotion.
HOWEVER
Formal exclamatory sentences involve a shift in word order
This shift focuses special attention on a complement:

What a lovely house you have!
How proud you must be!
What a piece of work man is!
"What an idiot!" said Hermoine.
Joel waited for the train.
The train was late.
Joel went home.
Consists of most basic elements of a clause:
A subject
A verb
A complete thought
"Albus Dumbledore had gotten to his feet."
"Their very last exam was History of Magic."
"
What a shape!
This is money?"
I went to the grocery store today,
and then I stopped to get gas.
The cable was out,
so the girls watched a movie.
Ethan made a sandwich,
for his stomach was quite empty.
"Have you ever had a dream, Neo, that you were so sure was real? What if you were unable to wake from that dream? How would you know the difference between the dream world and the real world?"
"It was the sort of house that you never seem to come to the end of, and it was full of unexpected places."
"What on earth are you talking about, Lucy?"
asked Susan.
"I found a snipe, and I followed it under your porch."
"And while I was talking, the idea of actually losing Peeta hit me again, and I realized how much I don't want him to die."
“Remember, we're madly in love, so it's all right to kiss me anytime you feel like it.”
They are going (
where?
).
You have been reading (
what?
).
You are taking
whose
car.
Full transcript