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Sonata Form

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by

Claire Pinder-Smith

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Sonata Form

What you need to know! Sonata Form Main feature is repetition and contrast
In 3 sections
-Exposition
-Development
-Recapitulation 1st Section - Exposition Sonata form Themes are 'exposed' and used for the first time Exposition - First Subject: Always in tonic key

Usually more lively and rhythmic Exposition - Transition: A short linking section

Modulates the music (changes the key)

Leads into the second subject... 2nd Section - Development Themes heard in the first section are varied to create a contrasting section in the sonata Development Uses one or both subjects from the exposition


Can be based on the whole melody or just use small sections or notes from the theme. Development Features include:
Sequencing (changing the pitch)
Imitation
Note Duration (making notes longer or shorter)
augmentation
New rhythms
Inversion (turning the tune upside down!) Divided into four sections:
First Subject
Transition/bridge
Second subject
Codetta/closing section Exposition - Second Subject Contrast in mood from the first subject

In relative major/minor or dominant key Exposition - Codetta Brings the section (exposition) to a close

Uses themes already heard Development Features various key signatures
Avoids the tonic and dominant key
Constantly changing 3rd Section - Recapitulation The themes from the exposition are literally 'recapped' 1st subject, transition, second subject and Coda to finish First Subject Repeated with modifications sometimes shorter with added ornaments Transition Same as with Exposition
No modulation (key change) needed Second Subject Stays in the major key, rather than going to minor

Sometimes varied from the exposition Coda the finishing section
mostly in the first key
brings in material from the whole piece
Full transcript