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Copy of Literary Elements: What terms you need to know?

Alliteration, Sensory details, Onomatopoeia, metaphor, simile, visual imagery,
by

Bethany Riggs

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Literary Elements: What terms you need to know?

Literary Elements and Terms:
A Quick Review
Alliteration
two or more words that start with the same "sound" - typically consonants

Example: Sally sells seashells by the seashore.
Onomatopoeia
Words that sound like the action they represent.

Metaphor
Imagery
Simile
Personification
giving human characteristics to objects that are NOT human
The castle whistled through the long night during the storm
Theme
Hyperbole
Tone
the collection of images within a literary work. Used to evoke atmosphere, mood, tension.
Flowers growing, sun is shining
sometimes rain comes from the sky.
Sun keeps shining, flowers dying
clouds are much less fluffy.
Darker skies, darker nights, leaves turn pretty, warm colors.
Leaves are gone; trees are empty, all is cold.
suggests an attitude toward the subject which is communicated by the words the author chooses.
-Part of the range of tone includes playful, somber, serious, casual, formal, ironic.
-Important because it designates the mood and effect of a work.
A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement.
a figure of speech in which two things are compared using “like” or “as”

A comparison of two things which does not
use the words "like" or "as"
(1) the abstract concept explored in a literary work;
(2) frequently recurring ideas
(3) repetition of a meaningful element in a work
Dialogue
vocal exchange between two or more characters. One of the ways in which plot, character, action, etc. are developed.
Conflict
the struggle within the story.
-Character divided against self, character against character, character against society, character against nature, character against God. Without it, there is no story.
Foreshadowing
use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in literature.
Symbolism
The practice of representing things by means of symbols or of attributing symbolic meanings or significance to objects, events, or relationships.
Point-of-View
the point from which the author presents action of the story.

Questions to consider:
Who is telling the story?
An all-knowing author?
A voice limited to the views of one character?
The voice and thoughts of one character?
Does the author change point of view in the story? Why?

Point of view is often considered the technical aspect of fiction which leads the critic most readily into the problems and meanings of the story.
The most obvious point of view is probably first person or "I."
-The omniscient narrator knows everything, may reveal the motivations, thoughts and feelings of the characters, and gives the reader information.
-With a limited omniscient narrator, the material is presented from the point of view of a character, in third person.
-The objective point of view presents the action and the characters' speech, without comment or emotion. The reader has to interpret them and uncover their meaning.
Consonance repeats consonants, but not the vowels, as in horror-hearer.

Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds, please-niece-ski-tree.
Allusions
A figure of speech that makes a reference
to a place, person, or something that happened.

-can be real or imaginary and refer to anything
-can be direct or inferred
Next:
On each post-it note, write YOUR OWN example of the starred literary terms. There are ten.
Then, place your post-it on the appropriate poster around the room.
Put your name on it!
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