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Fashion of the Renaissance
Transcript of Fashion of the Renaissance
Rachael White Fashion of the
Renaissance The Rise of Fashion Clothing took on unprecedented importance during the Renaissance. The Renaissance evoked a desire for self-identification through clothing and appearance. For the first time, clothing became a means of personal expression. Luxury Fabrics and New Techniques Improvements in manufacturing equipment bolstered the production of luxury fabrics.
Silk, satin, velvet, taffeta, and lace were considered luxury materials that designers sought to incorporate into their clothing.
Weaving and dying were greatly improved with the advent of the funding mill and William Lee's knitting machine. Sumptuary Laws In nations throughout Europe, the government passed sumptuary laws. Elite Women's Fashion The gown became the staple piece of elite women during the Renaissance, essentially replacing all garments except the surcoat. Military Dress Non-battle Garb -It was not uncommon to have two different colors of fabric, to show courage and experience during battle.
-The non-battle garb included a plumed hat or toque, a long shirt, a hose and slashed shoes.
-Every day trends were inspired by military apparel, as knights and such people were looked up to in society. Religious Clothing Religious Dress Like many of the Catholic traditions, dress has remained relatively unchanged since the Renaissance. Pope Julius II Pope Clement VII Pope Benedict XVI Queen Elizabeth Queen Elizabeth wanted the appearance of a true "Virgin Queen," so she applied half an inch of makeup to her face daily. She also frequently wore corsets to give her a more regal posture. Battle Armor -Due to the changing realities of warfare, armor was
becoming more and more obsolete in its functional use.
-However, armor was still used in more of a fashionable sense. Filippo Negroli's work turned armor into an art. These laws dictated the clothing members of each social class could wear, including the style and shape of the clothing. Since the color blue was associated with servitude, servants and city workers were expected to were blue or gray. Professional men were expected to wear long gowns over their regular clothing. The surcoat was an elegant outer coat that elite women were expected to wear for many occasions. Most garments featured a tight bodice and a flowing skirt; this was designed to enhance the natural silhouette. Many dresses featured a "Farthingale," a series of hoops worn under the skirt. These were often so big that the women who wore them needed especially high chairs. Theatrical and Festive Costumes People had more time and money to spend on the theater. Theater grew, along with its costumes, during the Renaissance like all the other arts. The Globe! Masques became a genre
-the Renaissance version of make-up and special effects Clothing of Lower Class Women Their clothing was not nearly as extravagant as the nobility clothing. Clothing of the Lesser Class Men The clothing was restricted to earthy colors. Simple, functional clothing 16th century Spanish Influence Women took on the Spanish traditional garment of the farthingale, which was a piece of clothing that consisted of a series of hoops that encircled the lower part of a woman’s body.
Such a garment was a favorite of Marguerite de Valois, Henry IV’s queen consort.
Amusingly, this garment required the development and production of a special chair on which a woman wearing the garment could actually sit. Accessories As one might imagine, jewelry, headgear, and numerous accessories accompanied the extravagant, luxurious clothing of the English Renaissance.Earrings returned to popularity, along with gloves and handkerchiefs, following the deprivation of the Middle Ages.
Most of these accessories varied in elegance. For instance, a pair of gloves could be made of gold and encrusted with countless pearls or made of expensive or inexpensive cloth only. At the same time, lower classes of women either didn’t adorn themselves with as many accessories or simply were not privy to the elegant accessories available to the wealthy or were unaware of what was current. (ie: wooden platforms, an outdated fashion, worn by prostitutes)
A women’s appearance, defined by her clothing, accessories, and makeup, established a woman’s social statement and defined her public persona. Enhancing the Body Similar to today, fashion, clothing, and accessories were meant to enhance and exaggerate the human body to be pleasing to the eye.
Women desired to have their form shaped to match the ideal body of a women, and each piece of clothing designed during the Renaissance did just that.
Similarly, the shoulders, legs, and waist came to be emphasized in men’s clothing in order to complement the ideal body of a man just as had been done for women.
The femininity of a women and masculinity of a man were accentuated by fashion then and now. Ideal Figures Both Italy, with its appreciation of a woman “full of flesh,” and Spain, with its convention of slimming a woman’s waist, influenced England’s perception of the ideal female form.Men’s fashion worked to portray a man as a powerful, muscular, honorable soldier or knight.