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Aboriginals: before and after white settlement.

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Jenny Tran

on 17 November 2013

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Transcript of Aboriginals: before and after white settlement.

Aboriginal Life:
before and after White Settlement.

By Selma, Jenny, Joanna and Ali.

Before the Europeans had settled in Australia, Aboriginals had lived
in Australia for approximately 60,00 0 years.

The Aboriginals had their own lifestyle but when the Europeans settled in Australia, some things drastically changed for them. Everything had a “white” twist to it. The white settlers had caused many problems for the natives of Australia from bringing diseases and sicknesses here and making “laws” of how to live.

But in the end they were humans who lived the way they were taught to, so how bad could things have been?

Before White Settlement.
Aboriginals had lived on Australia’s land for more than c.60,000 years prior
to the European settlement. There were over 600 tribes scattered over the continent. Their economy was based on hunting, fishing and seed gathering. Clothing was not worn or it was minimal and kids spent a lot of time learning through listening, remembering and doings hands on task, no books or classrooms were needed. The children learnt about animals, plants, history, religion, art, music, preparing food, geography, stars, traditions, medicine, hunting, tool making, crafts and reading animal tracks.

Aboriginals lived in family groups, they hunted, fished and gathered food together. Before white settlement there were cultivated crops and animals. They had great knowledge of their land.

When a child was born they learnt from a young age how to cope with what surround them. To become a full member of their family group they had to have the knowledge of how to keep alive and the rules and traditions of their tribe.

Girls and boys learnt different things from each other, a male child began handling small spears, followed other male members of their tribe and watched and learnt how to fish and make tools when he learnt how to walk. A woman child helped her mother and tried to copy everything she did.

Aboriginals after White Settlement
James Cook.
- discovered Australia.
After White Settlement
When the European settlers landed in Australia they were unintentionally responsible for
the many deaths on Aborigines. The settlers had brought over a number of diseases including chicken pox,
smallpox, typhoid, measles and influenza. Since the aborigines had no immunity to these diseases in a matter
of weeks the disease spread throughout the indigenous people.

There was violent conflict between the two. Both were scared yet curious of each other but they still attempted to fight each other.

When the settlers first arrived in Australia they had attempted to civilise the Aboriginal people. They made them wear proper clothes, attend church, educate them the European way but eventually they started a policy of assimilation. They stopped trying to provide the indigenous population with an education instead they started forcing them to live the same way and have the same beliefs and values as the white population.

The worst bit of the assimilation policy was that it led to many children being taken from their parents and families, and being forcibly and placed in foster care or group homes. The children involved with this have become known as the stolen generation.

In conclusion we can see that when you try to change something that has been set in stone it can cause more harm than good. Just like the Europeans trying to change the way the Aborigines had lived.

But still to this day some Aborigines still don’t have the rights they should have. Why should they (some) be treated differently when they were the natives of this land we have today.

Have we ever sat back and thought about how many things the Aboriginals have taught us or how many things they have influenced us on?
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