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Enlightenment's Influence on the US Constitution

11th grade US History - Belmont HS
by

Rebeccah Masters

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of Enlightenment's Influence on the US Constitution

The Enlightenment and
the US Constitution

WARM UP
“We all take different paths in life, but no matter where we go, we take a little of each other everywhere.”
Essential Question
How can historical events influence each other?
Review: The Enlightenment
Mid 17th century through the 18th century
Revolutions in science, philosophy, society and politics
Enlightenment ideals of freedom and equality for all
The Enlightenment begins with the scientific revolution of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Locke, Rousseau, Hobbes, Montesquieu, Voltaire

What is Enlightenment?
*Enlightenment is the process of undertaking to think for oneself, to employ and rely on one's own intellectual capacities in determining what to believe and how to act.

*Of becoming progressively self-directed in thought and action through the awakening of one's intellectual powers, leads ultimately to a better, more fulfilled human existence.



When citing an author in MLA format, use these sentence starters:

Author stated ________________________________ (page #).
_______________________________________ (Author page #).
According to Author, ___________________________ (page #).

When citing an author verbally, use these sentence starters:

______________ stated ____________________________.
It said on page ___ by _____that _________________________.
According to ________________, _________________________.

DIRECTIONS (to be completed individually):

1. Copy the quote in your notebooks or on a
piece of paper.
2. What does this quote mean to you?
3. Provide a detailed description of how
this quote relates to your own lives.

What is Enlightenment?
IMMANUEL KANT
An Answer to the Question: "What is Enlightenment?"
Konigsberg, Prussia, 30th September, 1784.
"Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-incurred immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one's own understanding without the guidance of another. This immaturity is self-incurred if its cause is not lack of understanding, but lack of resolution and courage to use it without the guidance of another. The motto of enlightenment is therefore: Sapere aude! Have courage to use your own understanding!"
U.S. Constitution
Article of Confederation:
America's first governing document
National gov't = weak
States = operated like independent countries

1787 Convention:
Delegates devised a plan for a stronger federal government
U.S. Constitution
It was signed on
September 17, 1787
, by delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.

The Bill of Rights
--10 amendments guaranteeing basic individual protections such as freedom of speech and religion--became part of the Constitution in 1791.

To date, there have been a total of
27 constitutional amendments
.
Video Clip:
America Gets a Constitution
http://www.history.com/topics/constitution/videos#america-gets-a-constitution
Citations
Full transcript