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NEW MEDIA ART

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Michele Tay

on 28 March 2016

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Transcript of NEW MEDIA ART

NEW
MEDIA
ART

NAM JUNE PAIK
July 20, 1932 – January 29, 2006
Korean American Artist
Worked with a variety of media and is considered to be the founder of video art
Trained as a classical pianist growing up
1950- Paik and his family had to flee from their home in Korea, during the Korean War. His family first fled to Hong Kong, but later moved to Japan
1956- Graduated from the University of Tokyo then moved to Germany to study music history at Munich University.
While studying in Germany, Paik met the composer
John Cage
and the conceptual artist
Joseph Beuys
and who inspired him to work in the field of electronic art
FLUXUS
International network of "intermedia" artists of the 1960s
Worked in fields ranging from music to performance to the visual arts
Latin for "to flow"
Adopted an often anarchic-
a society without a publicly enforced government
and satirical-
giving constructive social criticism, using wit, sarcasm and irony as a weapon to ridicule societal vices, ideally with the intent of shaming them into improvement
approach to conventional forms of art
Nam June Paik then began participating in the Neo-Dada art movement, known as Fluxus
BILL VIOLA
Born 25 Jan 1951 (age 62)
Queens, New York, USA

Video / Electronic / New Media
Contemporary video artist.
Pioneer and leading artist of electronic, sound, and new media art.
Work revolves on the ideas behind fundamental human experiences, e.g. birth, death and consciousness.
Who is
BILL VIOLA?
1973:
Graduated from Syracuse University with a Bachelor in Fine Arts.
Also studied in the Experimental Studios of the College of Visual and Performing Arts.

1974-1976:
Viola worked as technical director at Art/Tapes/22, a video studio in Florence, Italy.
He met video artists Nam June Paik, Bruce Nauman, and Vito Acconci.

1976-1983:
Was artist-in-residence at WNET Thirteen Television Laboratory in New York.
Mona Hatoum
Born in 1952

Palestinian origin

Video and installation artist

More about Hatoum???
1952
born in Beirut, Lebanon
1970-1972

Beirut University College
1975
Hatoum's Palestinian parents had been forced to live in exile by the Arab-Israeli conflictwar broke out in Lebanon and Hatoum, on a visit to London, found herself exiled in the United Kingdom, unable to return to her home country.
1975-1979
The Byam Shaw School of Art, London
1979-1981
The Slade School of Art, London
1980s
visceral video and performance work
1986-1989

Member of the Management Committee of the London Video Access, London
1990s
large-scale installations
1990-1993
Member of Artists' Film and Video Committee of the Arts Council of England
1992-1997
Part-time teaching post at Jan van Eyck Akademie, Maastricht
1998
Awarded title of Visiting Professor by Chelsea College of Art and Design and Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, London
2004
awarded the Sonning Prize and the Roswitha Hoftmann prize
2011
awarded the Joan Miró Prize

Video (visceral)
focused with great intensity on the body

Installations (large-scale)

engage the viewer in
conflicting emotions of desire and revulsion, fear and fascination.

Sculpture (singular)

transformed familiar, every-day, domestic objects such as chairs, cots and kitchen utensils into things foreign, threatening and dangerous

Photography

Works on paper
John Cage
PERFORMANCES



Paik & Charlotte Moorman

TV Bra for Living Sculpture
(1969)

MAGNETIC TV


Magnet TV (1965)


TELEVISION SERIES


TV Buddha (1974)



ROBOTS


Eagle Eye (1996)


LASER
VIDEO
PROJECTIONS


Jacob's Ladder
(2000)


TV Clock (1963)



LARGE-SCALE
INSTALLATIONS


Megatron/Matrix
(1995)



Electronic Superhighway
Continental U.S.
(1995)



New media art is a genre that encompasses artworks created with new media technologies. The term differentiates itself by its resulting cultural objects and social events, which can be seen in opposition to those deriving from old visual arts (i.e. traditional painting, sculpture, etc.)
(September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992)
American composer, music theorist, writer, and artist
Pioneer of indeterminacy
-ability of a piece to be performed in substantially different ways
in music, electroacoustic
-incorporation of electric sound production into compositional practice
music, and non-standard use of musical instruments
Leading figure of the post-war avant-garde
4'33"
(1952)
-best known composition,
-performed in the absence of deliberate sound
-musicians do nothing when presenting for the duration specified by the title
-content is not 4min 33s of silence but rather the sounds of the environment heard by the audience during performance
-work challenges assumed definitions about musicianship and musical experience
-made it a popular and controversial topic both in musicology and the broader aesthetics of art and performance.

Pioneer of the prepared piano
-a piano with its sound altered by objects placed between or on its strings or hammers
, for which he wrote numerous dance-related works and a few concert pieces
LYNN HERSHMAN LEESON
Born: 1941, Cleveland, Ohio, United States

Award-winning American artist and filmmaker.


lives and works in California, San Fransisco and NY

received wide recognition for a body of work combining art with social commentary, particularly regarding the relationship between humans and technology.

named the most influential woman working in New Media in 2004.
INTRO
THEMES
identity in a time of consumerism
privacy in an era of surveillance
interfacing of humans and machine
relationship between real and virtual worlds
MEDIUMS
Leeson has worked in:
performance
moving image
drawing
collage
text-based work
site-specific interventions
new media / digital technologies
interactive net-based works,
THE ROBERTA BREITMORE SERIES
(1973-1979)
Leeson conceived of, constructed and ‘developed’ a fictional persona and alter ego, Roberta Breitmore.

Roberta was 30 years old, divorced and moved to San Francisco in 1974 with savings of 1'800 USD.
Consisted of:
a physical self-transformation
a fully-fledged, ‘complete’ personality
physical evidence which could prove her existence


The end of the project resulted in hundreds of documents from which one could attempt to piece together a portrait of this young woman in mid-seventies, West Coast America (171 photographs, documents and performances in total)
WHO WAS ROBERTA BREITMORE?
The project involved a series of carefully orchestrated actions such issuing advertisements in a newspaper seeking a roommate as well as blind dates.

The latter resulted in a series of physical encounters that Roberta had, with real people, in the real world, the repercussions of which played a key role in the formation of her psyche.
THE CLONES
The Roberta Breitmore Seriesis a portrait study and interactive portrait performance of a woman in the U.S. in the 70s.

It explores the then current zeitgeist, (the defining spirit or mood of a particular period of history as shown by the ideas and beliefs of the time) and also investigates the socially predefined role of a woman at that time.
LATER YEARS...
1995–2000:Roberta transformed into the CybeRoberta, an interactive artificial intelligent sculpture on the web.

2006 Roberta Breitmore developed into a character in Second Life, an ecisting online world, as part of a collaboration between Leeson and the Stanford Humanities Lab.
LORNA (1983)
Installation with video, remote, furniture, the first interactive video art disc.

Users interact with and make choices for the protagonist, Lorna, an agoraphobic (extreme or irrational fear of open or public places) woman.

Every object in Lorna’s tiny apartment has a number that when pressed, access sound and video information about Lorna’s fears and dreams as well as her personal history, conflicts and future.

Seventeen minutes of moving footage and 36 chapters which, when sequenced, shift meanings as they are recontextualized.

migrated to a DVD platform in 2004.
possible endings
1. death by suicide,
2. departure and escape by leaving the apartment
3. shooting the television.
theme explored
Through LORNA, Leeson explores the theme of interfacing between humans and machines, specifically the effects television and media had on individuals in the 1980s.
AMERICA'S FINEST (1993-1994)
Interactive Rifle, M16 Rifle, custom scope, software and surveillance system

utilizes an M-16 rifle and manipulated optics to question the identity of agressor and victim and the role played by images of war in the psyche of the observer

Viewers squeeze the trigger to have their own image inserted into the viewfinder as they hear the screams and shots as they convert from viewer to victim.

designed to expose the horrors of this century perpetrated by weapons and translated into memory through media.
AGENT RUBY (1998-2002)
An artificial intelligent web agent that is shaped by and reflective of encounters that it has with users.

Ruby chats with users, remember users questions, ultimately be able to recognize their voice and have moods and emotions. Her mood may also be affected directly by web traffic.

(Also see DiNA 2000-2006)
This installation uses rss feed (Rich Site Summary, a format for delivering regularly changing web content), blog tags and mobile phone units to measure global reactions to specific issues.
EMOTIONAL BAROMETER (2008)
PRESENT TENSE (2012)

The feeds shift colors to illustrate water toxicity levels as high-definition videos of babies swimming innocently underwater.

The feeds appear as charts and graphs, displaying information specific to San Jose, Silicon Valley, and beyond.

The videos of the babies are also color-coded to reflect live toxin levels.
three glass vessels, filled with water, and illuminated by a central projection of live data feeds.

impact of advancements in technology on the environment and hence, future generations
theme explored
Conceiving Ada (1997)
Teknolust (2002)
Strange Culture (2007)
! Women Art Revolution (2011)
FILMS
examines the case of artist and professor Steve Kurtz, a member of the Critical Art Ensemble (CAE) who was detained by the FBI on suspicion of biorterorism.
scrutinizes post-9/11 paranoia and suggests that Kurtz was targeted because his work questions government policies
questions artistic freedom
explores the "secret history" of feminist art, through conversations, observations, archival footage, and works of visionary artists, historians, curators and critics.

details major developments in feminist art through the 1970s
! Women Art Revolution (2011)
(!W.A.R.)
SUMMARY
Themes:
identity in a time of consumerism
privacy in an era of surveillance
interfacing of humans and machine
relationship between real and virtual worlds
Born: 1941
Works with: performance, moving image, drawing, collage, text-based work, site-specific interventions, new media / digital technologies, interactive net-based works
LIST OF WORKS
1960
Selected suicide machines, cyborgs and wax sound sculptures
1970
Roberta Breitmore (1973-1979)- performance/ interactive work
The Dante Hotel (1972-73)
1980
Phantom Limbs (1985-87)- photography series
Hero Sandwiches (1981-84)
LORNA (1983)
Deep Contact (1984)
Water Women (original collages)
1990
Room of One's Own (1990-93)
America's Finest (1993-94)
Difference Engine 3 (1995-98)
Tillie and Cyberrobata (1995-98)
Agent Ruby (1998-2002)
2000
Synthia (2000-02)
Cyborgs (2000-2001)- archival digital prints
Olympia (2005)- installation
DiNA (2000-2006)
Dante Hotel in a second life, life squared (2007)
Emotional Barometer (2008)
Alchemist Wand (2010)
Present Tense (2012)- installation
Look At Me (2011)- interactive work
RAWWAR (2011-2012)
Infinity Engine (2013-14)
Video
Performance Art/Video
Pull (1995)
Installation
Recollection (1995)
Sculpture
Video/Installation
Measures of distance (1988)
Gu Wenda United states series
China Monument: Temple of heaven (1998)
Man and space (2000)
Medium: Hair
Medium: interiors of the artist's own body
Corps Etranger (1994) / Foreign objects
Grater Divide (2002)
Prayer Mat (1995)
Media: Nickle plated brass pins, compass, canvas and glue
Media: Mild Steel
Untitled(wheelchair) (1998)
The Quintet of the Astonished
(2000)
Ocean Without a Shore
(2007)
Observance
(2002)
Cellules (2012-2013)
Media: Mild Steel and blown glass(8 elements)
The Tristan Project - Tristan Und Isolde
(2004)
The Crossing
(1996)
Five Angels for the Millennium
(2003)
Gasometer Oberhausen
The Mexican Cage (2002)
Light at the end (2002)
Media: An iron metal frame and five electric elements
Color - multiple and shifting meanings
Emphasizes the intensity of her experiences
Political meaning beyond
Use of color
-Warm and appealing color
-Violent character and instability of separation
Light Sentence (1992)
Media: wire mesh lockers, slow moving motorized light bulb
Endoscopic camera

Divide and Rule politics
Floor work
DOMESTIC OBJECTS
Fascination to abjection
Personal is political
Media: Compressed card, plastic, metal, beeswax, human hair(found materials)
Traffic(2002)
Rich with patina
Personal resonance at intimate scale
Nam June Paik
TV Buddha
Reality and Projected image
Key Ideas
Description of the body
commentary on politics
gender and difference (domestic world)

Work with all kinds of media( hair, interior body, common objects in life)

Use of light and space
Put her own experience into her artwork!
Daniel Rozin
Mechanical Mirrors
Artist, educator and developer, working in the area of interactive digital art

Born in Jerusalem and trained as an industrial designer, Rozin lives and works in New York.

Creates
installations and sculptures
that have the unique ability to
change and respond
to the presence and point of view of the viewer. In many cases the
viewer becomes the contents
of the piece and in others the viewer is invited to take an
active role in the creation of the piece
. Even though computers are often used in Rozin's work, they are
seldom visible
.
shiny ball mirror
wooden mirror
rust mirror
fan mirror
software mirrors
video painting
glass sculptors
proxxi prints
Paint-Cam 2003
Custom software running on a computer connected to the internet. Size - variable. Paint-Cam is similar in concept to Easel. The visitors are invited to create their own collage using various video sources. This time the video sources are not local but rather 50 web cameras from around the world. The web cameras are located in famous locations such as Eiffel Tower and Times Square, and also in private settings such as a barber-shop in Japan.
Easel - 1998
projection surface, video projector, live-feed video cameras, paint brush made with fiber optic bristles and infrared light, computer, custom software. Size - variable.
Easel is built to look like a painter’s easel. It is equipped with a brush and three “paint cans”. By dipping the brush into one of the paint cans and then painting on the canvas the visitors can create unique collages made of video of themselves
http://www.smoothware.com/danny/index.html
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