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Ancient Greece Alphabet Book
Transcript of Ancient Greece Alphabet Book
it was said that they were taking Dionysus into their own bodies. The Ancient Greek believed when they became slightly drunk due to the wine, Dionysus had taken over their minds and hearts. E is for Education Like beauty, education was a high priority in Ancient Greece. There were two kinds of education in Ancient Greece: Formal Formal education was provided by public schools or hired tutors. and Informal Informal education on the other hand was provided by unpaid teachers, usually privately. Education was considered more important to men than to women, so formal education was mainly for men. F is for Food Food, (like any other country) was very important to the Ancient Greek. Breakfast was made up of barley bread dipped in wine and a special type of pancake called a Tagenite. Lunch was quick and eaten around noon or early afternoon. Dinner was considered the most important meal of the day by the Ancient Greek and was normally taken at nightfall. is for G Government Any country needs a government. Though in Ancient Greece, there were many different types of government. This is because there were many different cities that had their own needs and beliefs. Ancient Greece included government systems of monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies, and democracies. An Ancient Greek government temple. Unlike today, women, kids, foreigners and slaves normally had no power in what happened in the government. H is for Hercules Hercules is one of the most known and popular god in Ancient Greek mythology. He is known for his amazing strength, courage, masculinity and adventures. He is also son of Zeus though half man and half god. Typically, Hercules is displayed as holding an olive club as a weapon and wearing a lion's skin. (quite an interesting appearance.) I Iktinos is for Iktinos, or Ictinus was an architect who was active in the 5th century B.C. Not much is known about Iktinos at the time, but what is known is still very little. Iktinos was co-partner with Callicrates (another architect) on making the Parthenon. The Parthenon was a temple that consisted of many Pillars such as Doric on the outside, Ionic on the inside and included a Corinthian pillar. J is for Jobs Jobs and occupations were (once again, like any country) very important to Ancient Greece. Almost all jobs were for men, women had to manage the house and raise children. Jobs and trade kept the country running; without jobs, the country couldn’t operate nor could the country’s citizens survive due to not having money for food and other basic needs. K is for Knucklebones Knucklebones, among its many names, is a game played by Ancient Greek children and adults. Table of Contents Archimedes A Beauty Cartography Dionysus B C D E F G H I J K L M Education Food Government Hercules Iktinos Jobs Knucklebones Laws Mount Everest N O P Q Nike R S T U V W X Y Z Oracle Phidias Queen of Sparta Religion Streets Thucydides Urns Vegetation Weapons Xanthus Yoyo Zodiac It plays similar to many dice games we play today. the game is played with two or more of them, usually five, and played very similar to jacks. Knucklebones are usually the dried ankle bones of sheep that are used in the game. L is for Laws Before Ancient Greek law, there were no official rules or punishment for crimes like murders or robberies. By the 7th century B.C., the Ancient Greek started to pass official laws. There were three different general types of laws: Family Public Procedural laws laws laws Family laws took care of how men and women behaved and included laws on marriage, adoption and the duties of parenting. Public laws included how public services and functions worked, such as how much a man could own, what could be exported, and even restrictions on perfume. Procedural laws were basically step-by-step guidelines on how judges should use laws. M is for Mount Olympus Mount Olympus was, in Ancient Greek mythology, known was the home of the Twelve Olympian gods of Ancient Greek. The Twelve gods were: Zeus Hera Poseidon Demeter Athena Hestia Apollo Artemis Ares Aphrodite Hephaestus Hermes Mount Olympus was formed after the gods defeated the Titans in the Titan War. Soon after, the twelve gods moved into the palace. Many greek myths revolve around Mount Olympus. N is for Nike In Ancient Greek mythology, Nike was a goddess who generally signified victory. (Nike meant victory in Ancient Greece) Nike, among her many names, is also known as the Winged Goddess of Victory: she is seen with wings in most statues and paintings. Not only was she the goddess of victory, but she was the goddess of strength and speed. Nike was, depending on certain myths, daughter of Pallas (a Titan) and Styx. She and her other siblings were also close companions to Zeus. O is for Oracle During the classical era, an oracle was a specific person or organization normally thought to be a source of wise advice. Oracles can also be considered source of prophecy and divination. (or basically just predicting the future) The word oracle comes from Latin, meaning "to speak". This links to the priest or priestess speaking the prediction for the future. Phidias P is for Phidias was an Athenian sculptor that is said to have lived from about 490 to 430 B.C. Phidias is the son of Charmides and normally considered one of the greatest Ancient Greek sculptors. None of his original sculptures still exist to this day, but his recognition by Ancient Greece is confirmed by ancient writers praise and the change his sculptures had made in art history. Q is for Queen of Sparta The Queen of Sparta, Gorgo, was the only daughter and child of Cleomenes I, the king of Sparta. During the 6th and 5th centuries B.C, Gorgo was the wife of King Leonidas I, the half-brother of Cleomenes. It is said that Gorgo had helped persuaded her father against accidentally starting a spartan invasion. Gorgo is one of the few women that have been noted by Herodotus, an Ancient Greek historian. This is most likely due to her good political judgement and intelligence. R is for Religion The Ancient Greek were VERY big on religion. Religion surrounded around beliefs and rituals practiced in the form of both the popular public practices and private cult practices. Gods also played a strong role of Ancient Greek religion, many of the greek knew of the major greek gods and goddesses. Different cities often worshipped the same gods and goddesses, sometimes with added extensions to the names, such as Alexander the Great. S is for Streets Streets are one of the many technologies the Ancient Greek used to make their life easier. Streets were originally built and used to move Greek armies but later they were used for walking easily to other places and for markets selling food and goods. Streets were normally made from stone or just made from packed dirt. T is for Thucydides Thucydides was an Ancient Greek historian and Athenian general born between the years 460 and 455 B.C. Thucydides has been called the father of scientific history because of his efficient methods of evidence-gathering and examination. He is mostly known for his book “The History of the Peloponnesian War” which goes into detail on the war between Athens and Sparta in the 5th Century. Most of the information we know about him comes from his own work, not other authors of the time. Another one of his most famous entries was about the plague of Athens that occurred in 430 B.C. The date of his death raises up debate due to his entries suddenly ending in the middle of 411 B.C. U is for Urns Urns were basically tall, rounded vases that were usually used for storing the ashes of someone. These types of urns were called funeral or burial urns. In Ancient Greece, they were called lekythos. In many civilizations including Ancient Greece, after someone died, their body was burned and ashes collected to put in the urn. Burial urns were normally used for children, but occasionally for adults. Urns could also used for storage and transporting goods such as wine, grain, olive oil, water and more. These types of urns usually had two handles and were called amphora. V is for Vegetation Ancient greek is divided into sections by mountains. Therefore, trading is very difficult between sections, so the ancient greek resort to vegetation and agriculture. Vegetation was very popular among Ancient Greece, about 80% of the population was involved in agriculture. Greek vegetation and diet was very healthy. Most of the food they grew consisted of wheat and grain products such as barley and bread. They also grew olives and other fruit and vegetables. W is for Weapons Weapons and armour were usually used by the Ancient Greek to fight between hoplites. (citizen-soldiers hired from different cities) The Ancient Greek normally used a spear in one hand and a shield in the other. (Swords were strictly used just for support and not as a main weapon; spears were.) X is for Xanthus Xanthus, or Xanthos was, in Ancient Greek mythology, an amazingly immortal horse that was normally paired up with another immortal horse named Balius, as if they were twins. According to the mythology, Poseidon gave the two horses to King Peleus of Phthia as a wedding gift. When Peleus married the Ocean goddess Thetis, he gave the two horses to his son Achilles. Achilles then used the two horses to pull his chariot during the Trojan War. Y is for Yoyo Believe it or not, the yoyo, or yo-yo was invented by the Ancient Greek. This twenty-five hundred year old toy was, in Ancient Greece, made from wood, metal and terracotta. (A type of fired and hard clay) The yoyo is considered the second-oldest toy in history, the first being the doll. Like almost everything else the Ancient Greek made, the yoyo was decorated with etchings of gods and goddesses. Z is for Zodiac In Ancient Greece, The Zodiac consisted of twelve different constellations (signs, or animals) seen at night in the sky during different times of the year. Each individual animal has its own story and is associated with one of the four elements: Earth, Air, Fire and Water. The word Zodiac itself means “the circle of animals”. Animals meaning all the living creatures. The Zodiac Were: Thanks for your Attention! And that's it! (if you aren't asleep by now) Made with and a lot of Google