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Abortion: Should it be Legalized?

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by

Hemaprakash Swarley

on 5 September 2014

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Transcript of Abortion: Should it be Legalized?

FEMINISME
A woman's right to decide about the matters concerning her own body
What Is
Abortion
?
Oxford Definition: An event that does not accomplish its intended purpose.
History Of Abortion
http://civilliberty.about.com/od/abortion/f/bible_abortion.htm
http://ancienthistory.about.com/library/bl/bl_didache.htm
http://www.feminist.com/resources/ourbodies/abortion.html
http://contraception.about.com/od/abortion/a/Reasons-For-Abortion.htm
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/abortion/legal/history_1.shtml
http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/abortion-around-the-world-where-are-rates-highest/19/

HISTORY
of Abortion
Greco-Roman: popular among midwives or well-informed laypeople
Why Is Abortion
NECESSARY
?
Social economy
maternal health
fetal defect/health
socioeconomic factor
rape/mental health
Why Shouldn't It Be
LEGAL
?
contraceptive method
Abortion: Should it be Legalized?
artificially induced abortion
termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo before viability
History of
Abortion Laws

Modern
Abortion
Laws

Religious

debate
Illegal
Legal on request

Legal for maternal life, health, mental health, rape, fetal defects, and/or socioeconomic factors

Illegal with exception for maternal life, health, mental health, rape, and/or fetal defects

Illegal with exception for maternal life, health, mental health, and/or rape

Illegal with exception for maternal life, health, and/or mental health


Illegal with no exceptions

Varies
No information
with
exception

First recorded evidence of induced abortion Egyptian medical text: Ebers Papyrus (ca. 1550 BCE)
Greek playwright Aristophanes: a woman is '...spruced with pennyroyal.'
8th-century Sanskrit text: sit over a pot of steam or stewed onions
12th-century Japanese text: prevalent during Edo period, frequent famines and high taxation
pennyroyal & silphium (extinct)-abortifacient
hello
74%
1%
6%
12%
13%
14%
22%
32%
38%
32%
38%
38%
48%
73%
Abortion
THe United states of America
11th-century BCE Code of Assura: the death penalty on married women who procure abortions without the permission of their husbands.
Greek lawyer-orator Lysias (445-380 BCE)
The Hippocratic Oath forbade physicians from inducing elective abortions
Soranus, recommended abortion
The Roman jurist Ulpian : "An unborn child is considered being born, as far as it concerns his profits."
Fines are listed in the Code of Hammurabi, ca. 1760 BCE
1803 English Statute Law made abortion after quickening a crime
1837 English law abolished the significance of quickening, and also abandoned the death penalty for abortion.
1920s English law added a get-out clause that stopped abortion being a crime if it was "done in good faith for the purpose only of preserving the life of the mother."
1938 the important case of Roe v. Bourne: established that the mother's mental suffering could be sufficient reason for an abortion (30 years)
Laws specifically against abortion became widespread in America in the second half of the 1800s
By 1900 abortion was illegal everywhere in the USA
1973 Supreme Court judgement, often referred to as the Roe v. Wade case made abortion legal
Abortion rights faced restriction in 2003 (late-term 'partial birth' abortions banned)
most agree that the termination of a pregnancy after 120 days – the point at which, in Islam, a fetus is thought to become a living soul – is not permissible
should be permissible only in instances in which the mother's life is in danger or in cases of rape
Classical Hindu texts strongly condemn abortion.
to choose the action that will do least harm to all involved: the mother and father, the foetus and society
personhood begins at three months and develops through to five months of gestation
There is no single Buddhist view concerning abortion
life begins at conception
life is a continuum with no discernible starting point
early Christians took a nuanced stance,
in separate places early Christians have taken different stances
The Bible says little about abortion
Book of Numbers in the Old Testament describes the ordeal of jealousy (sotah)
Chapter two of the Didache,prohibits all abortion, but does so only within the context of a longer passage that also condemns theft, covetousness, perjury, hypocrisy, and pride
Christianity
Islam
Hinduisme
Buddhisme
Reasons for Abortion
Crime
Demographic of Women who chose abortion Post-1973
67%
52%
83%
Crime Rate from 1960 to 2010

Archaeological discoveries indicate early surgical attempts at the extraction of a fetus; uncommon, rarely mentioned in ancient medical texts
INDIA
CHINA

one child policy
human sex ratio
gendercide
sex selective abortion
THat's pretty much it.
ANy questions?


1969, 25-year-old single woman, Norma McCorvey a.k.a. "Jane Roe", challenged the criminal abortion laws in Texas as unconstitutional. Henry Wade was the Texas attorney general who defended the anti-abortion law. Case rejected

1973, Jane Roe won her case

"Trimester" system
abortion in the first three months of pregnancy legal
allows some government regulation in the second trimester of pregnancy
declares that states may restrict or ban abortions in the last trimester; legal only if doctors certify it is necessary to save her life or health



Roe

v.

Wade
Full transcript