Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Historical Sociology

No description
by

Aja Holloway

on 12 June 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Historical Sociology

How specific kinds of states have been produced by various forces at work in domestic and international society (Baylis 2008).

To show that there can be no simple distinction between international and domestic societies (they are inevitably interlinked) (Baylis 2008).
Michael Mann
States became transformed by War

What question does historical sociology look to answer?
Why did historical sociology come about?
Key Writers of Historical Sociology
Historical Sociology has a long history who's first wave was a response to the French and American revolutions, the processes of industrialization, and nation building which ran until the 1920s (Baylis 2008).

The second wave is of the most interest to international theory because the key writers have focused their sociological analyses on the relationship between the domestic and the international (Baylis 2008).
The central feature of historical sociology has been an interest in how the structures that we take for granted as "natural" are the products of a set of complex social processes (Baylis 2008).

Historical sociologist show just how complex the state is as an organization, which undermines the rather simple view of the state found in neo-realism (Baylis 2008).

HS claim there is no such thing as an int'l system- which is self-contained and thereby able to exert decisive influence on the behavior of states (Baylis 2008).

Int'l and domestic forces create the state, and the international is itself a determinant of the nature of the state (Baylis 2008).
Mann studies the ways in which various forms of power have combined in specific historical circumstances.

Manns' major contribution to the field is his development of a sophisticated account of power that combine to form certain types of state.

This Ideological, Economic, Military, and Politic forms of Power is known as the IEMP Model of Power.
$1.25
Thursday, May 22, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The main theme of this field is the way in which societies develop through history.
DEFINITION
Theda Skocpol
Historical Sociology
Historical Sociology is a method and focus of research.

The Main concern is with the underlying structures that shape the institutions and organizations into which human society is arranged including: Violence, Economy, and Gender. (Baylis 2008)


What is Historical Sociology trying to teach us?
Skocpol focuses on how historical sociology can be integrated into sociology's long standing core concern with theory and methods (Skocpol, 1987)

Believes Historical Sociology have not solved or in many cases even properly addressed the problem of how to mediate between evidence of local and regional patterns and conclusions about national-level or international processes.

Charles Tilly
Martin Shaw

Sociologists and historians are two different professions that don't speak the same language. For sociologists, numbers, for historians, words, sociologists recognizing rules and ignoring variations, historians stressing the individual and specific.

(Burke 1989: 10)
He is considered a major figure in the development of historical sociology, the early use of quantitative methods in historical analysis, the methodology of event cataloguing, the turn towards relational and social-network modes of inquiry, the development of process- and mechanism-based analysis, as well as the study of: contentious, social movements, the history of labor state formation, revolutions, inequality, and urban sociology.
He is best known for his sociological work on war, genocide and global politics. He founded The Global Site (2000), a portal for critical writing on global politics, culture and society, which became a significant forum for academic debate after 9/11.
Theories of Historical Sociology (Mahoney 2004)

1)Functionalist Theory- a macro-level theory

2) Rational Choice Theory- a micro-level theory

3) Power Theory- a meso-level theory

4) Neo-Darwinian Theory- radically micro-level theory

5) Cultural Theory- Both meso and macro- level theory
We'd be remiss to discuss Historical Sociology without mentioning Social History. This is where practice meets theory with the latter being theory and the prior practice.
Skocpol has found a couple ways in which the two are starting to converge together such as (Skocpol 1897):

Organizational Realism- Recognizing that the real units of research are not just simple aggregates of individuals on one side and societies or social systems on the other side.


The studies of state-society relations (social structures and political organization)







Historical research is social research, and vice versa.
( Giddens 1988: 416)
Charles Tilly
He is considered a major figure in the development of historical sociology, the early use of quantitative methods in historical analysis, the methodology of event cataloguing, the turn towards relational and social-network modes of inquiry, the development of process- and mechanism-based analysis, as well as the study of: contentious, social movements, the history of labor state formation, revolutions, inequality, and urban sociology.
Sociology and history during the the 20th century diverged, their complete separation never occurred because of the research orientation which acquired the general name "historical sociology" (in American literature also "historical comparative sociology"). Dennis (2006: 191)
Key Points


Historical Sociology has a long history. Its central focus is with how societies develop the forms that they do.

It is a study of the interactions between states, classes, capitalism, and war.

National state has become the dominant state because it has the ability to fight wars.

Mann developed a powerful model of the source of state power, know as the IEMP model.

Research approaches of sociology and history differ in orientation either towards the past or to the present. Historians emphasize their findings as time-space localised and sociologists believe their understandings transcends space-time coordinates.

(Goldthorpe 1991: 212)
Full transcript