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Stoic Physics

By: Duncan, Max, Brooke, Ryan, and Haiyun
by

Duncan Ostromd

on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of Stoic Physics

Stoic Physics!
By: Haiyun, Duncan, Brooke, Ryan, and Max
What is Stoic Physics?
The natural philosophy adopted by the Stoic philosophers of ancient Greece and Rome used to explain the natural processes at work in the universe.
Seneca the Elder
Thanks!! :)
Two Principles
Cosmogony
Active
Passive
Hule (unqualified matter, ‘that which is acted on’)
Logos (reason, structure, sustaining cause, ‘that which acts’) and God
Quote from Seneca: “And it is cause (this meaning the same as reason) which turns matter to whatever end it wishes and fashions it into a variety of different products (Epist. Mor.65).”
Sensation
Soul
God
The universe is a small portion of our/Earth’s existence.
Our universe is just a small portion of a much larger and/or older structure – the multiverse.

Human soul is monistic, which means that all impulses or desires are direct functions of the rational, commanding faculty.
The human soul comes from the divine power of god.

Only body exists.The body produces thoughts (sense impressions) in the soul, the soul produces movements in the body.

To assent to an impression is to take something as truth.

“Assent” and whether one assents to a rational impression is a matter of volition ( the power to make your own choices or decisions).

God exists through the same way the soul and body do.
God is reason, thus world has order and harmony
-- each person possess reason (the matter) in his/herself, therefore, each person has a piece of God for themselves - Pantheism.

God is distant/far away in the sense of humans are below Him.
The stoics did not seek only from their God they also looked to nature and great Greek philosophies of their time. Their God was not their only source/main way of wisdom

God is immanent throughout the whole of creation of the World and directs its development down to the smallest detail.
Dream arises not from our own consciousness but the matter of some sort of sensation outside our corporal being influences us.
Basic element that composes things before universe:
pneuma
(breath, spirit, a mixture of the active elements air and fire).
Full transcript