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Transcript of MOOCs
These initiatives launched in 2012 with the support of prestigious universities offering
courses taught by national and international professors
(open) mostly for
The number of participants in each course is on average equal to several thousands (sometimes 100,000 +) from which the term
Brand + Teacher Based:
“Education, and higher education in particular, should be as
widely available as possible
. It’s essential to human flourishing, and it’s immoral to confine access to something so valuable to a tiny group of people.”
Terry Fisher, Hardvard Law School
are based on the attractiveness of the idea of following a course of a prestigious university, taught by a teacher great renown.
content, activities and services are born from close relationships with businesses.
the focus is placed on knowledge sharing by teachers and prestigious personalities from the world of culture and business
educational organization founded with the goal of providing "a high level of education to anyone, anywhere".
for-profit start-up founded by two Stanford professors, Daphne Koller and Andrew Ng in 2011
partership with prestigious universities.
69 member universities (La Sapienza is the only Italian University)
joint venture between MIT e Hardvard
subsidized by Bill e Melinda Gates Foundation
founded by 3 Stanford professors Sebastian Thrun, David Stavens, e Mike Sokolsky
explicitly for profit
possibility that the college tuition is paid by companies in exchange of students' ideas and design
The MOOCs birth
The key moment for MOOCs birth is to be placed at Stanford in
when a free online course in
by Peter Norving and Sebastian Thrun attracts more than 160,000 students from all over the world (23,000 have completed the course). This has promoted the launch of Coursera in 2012.
The humus: il WebC
whose peculiarity was the user's ability to shape the Web (e.g. YouTube), it did not appear the much announced
that is based on services/initiatives born in the philosophy of
, where the
of users (crowd) is the key element and the
is the primary reference methods.
"In general we consider
the new web based on the involvement of
of people all over the world
a common objective."
massive amount of contents
has to be
on an open platform accessible to everyone who is interested in them. This is in contrast to traditional courses, where the content is prepared step by step and there is not the possibility to access them in their entirety.
materials created within the course with each other and with materials elsewhere.
of aggregated and remixed materials to
suit the goals of each participant
of re-purposed ideas and content with other participants and the rest of the world.
Connectivism: Learning as Network- Creation
The pedagogy behind the MOOCs (by George Siemens, 2005)
1.Learning is a process that creates and develops a
network of connections
2. Nurturing and maintaining
is needed to facilitate
Ability to see
between fields, ideas, and concepts.
, accurate and up-to-date knowledge is the intent of all
is itself a learning process. Choosing what to learn and the incoming of new informations re-organizes learner's knowledge.
Visualizing knowledge domains as a neural network
International student on course
- cost savings on volume courses
International student not on course
-expanding student experience
- late and lifelong adult learners
-related to professions and work
- launch of new educational initiatives
are MOOCs a disruptive innovation?
The connectivism in the E-Learning
Christensen's theory (2003)
"What is needed is not a new
for the digital age, but a model that
integrates the different theories
to guide the design of online learning materials"
Mohamed Ally, Athabasca University, Canada
The problem of Big Data: how can we re-organize our knowledge?
Implications for Higher Education
K. Borner, C. Chen, K. Boyack, Indiana University2003
"A rhizome, sometimes called a creeping rootstalk, is a stem of a plant that sends out roots and shoots as it spreads. It is an image to describe the way that ideas are
multiple, interconnected and self-replicating
. A rhizome has no beginning or end… like the learning process".
and the increased momentum for
in higher education.
and increasing demand for access to higher education, with the projection that there will be 120 million students worldwide by 2020.
learner demographics, experience and demands
and the dramatically increasing numbers of lifelong adult learners.
need for changes
in cost, affordability and economic models for higher education.
Open your mind and share your knowledge.