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Jane Eyre

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Sree Kodali

on 15 February 2015

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Transcript of Jane Eyre

Jane lives with her aunt, Mrs. Reed, and cousins
She gets sent to the red-room after she gets into a fight with her cousins
She thinks she sees the ghost of her late Uncle Reed
She begins attending Lowood, an all-girls' school
Plot
Major Characters
Jane Eyre
Protagonist, orphan
Lived with Aunt then went to Lowood School
Became governess at Thornfield Hall for Adele Varens
Eventually marries Mr. Rochester
Mr Rochester
Jane's employer and a wealthy man

St. John Rivers
A minister that serves as Jane's benefactor when she runs from Thornield Hall
Mrs. Reed
Jane's cruel aunt who sends her away to school at Lowood
Owns Gateshead where Jane grew up

Major Characters (cont'd)
Ms. Temple
Kind teacher at Lowood who treats Jane with compassion
Ms. Fairfax
Housekeeper at Thornfield Hall
Bertha Mason
Rochester's first wife
Kept in attic
Is insane and burns the Hall down
Grace Poole
Watches Bertha in the attic
Plot
Jane leaves and locks herself in her room
Rochester explains to her about his marriage
His family asked him to marry Bertha to inherit her wealth
Bertha was mentally ill and Rochester put her in Thornfield hall and left
Lauren Dean, Amanda Banks, Rachael Cheung, Nishitha Saravannan, Sierra Clark, Nick Blanchard, Sree Kodali
Jane Eyre
Plot
Historical Literacy Analysis

The Miasma Theory:
Originating in the middle ages and lasting well into the 19th century
The belief that sickness spread due to miasma, a poisonous vapor coming from decaying matter, in the air
People believed fog or bad air could spread disease with increased frequency.
In Jane Eyre, many people lend credence to the foggy spring air for the typhus and consumption that plagued those in Jane's school in her first year there.
Typhus:
Typhus, or Typhus fever, is described early in the book when an outbreak strikes Jane's school.
Many girls sicken and die from the disease
The school was rebuilt in better conditions and the quality of food and water there was improved.

Sickness and Medicine
Adele Varens
Jane's pupil at Thornfield
From France
Blanche Ingram
Beautiful, social woman who despises Jane and wants to marry Rochester for money
Diana Rivers
Jane's cousin and sister of Mary and St. John
Urges Jane not to go to India with St. John
Mary Rivers
Jane's cousin and serves as a positive role model
Major Characters (cont'd)
Bessie Lee
Maid at Gateshead who treats Jane kindly
John Reed
Jane's cousin and Mrs. Reed's son
Acts cruelly to Jane
Commits suicide when his mother doesn't pay his debts
Mr. Brocklehurst
Master of the Lowood school
Major Characters (cont'd)
Historical Literary Analysis
The Victorian Governess
Jane Eyre takes this job and moves into Mr. Rochester's home in order to tutor his ward.
A common occupation for women in Victorian England since the only other available options for them were nunnery, prostitution, marriage, or the poor house
Served as tutors for children, teaching them any variety of subjects, but mostly language and arts
The job wasn't very high-paying but had excellent benefits (free room and board being one of them)
Governesses weren't always well-treated by their proprietors
According to one source: "the real definition of a governess, in the English sense, is a being who is our equal in birth, manners, and education, but our inferior in worldly wealth"
Consumption:
Consumption was the Victorian Era name for Tuberculosis.
From pollution in industrial cities
name came from the fact that those within cities were very much "consumed" by the disease.
The disease kills by attaching itself to vulnerable organs and damaging them as the TB grew.
Jane's first friend, Helen, died from this.

Phrenology:
In Victorian England, it was a common belief that one could get a general sense of a person's character by analyzing their skull shape.
It was believed that a person's skull took its shape from a person's brain
A person's brain took its shape from their psychological tendencies.
Jane Eyre uses this method to analyze Mr. Rochester's character while speaking to him.

Sickness and Medicine cont.
Setting
Time period: Nineteenth century rural England
Many of the places mentioned in
Jane Eyre
are fictional.
However, they were similar to other places in 19th century central/north england
Gateshead Hall: where the Reeds lived
Thornfield Hall and Ferndean Manor: Mr. Rochester's places
Lowood Institute: Jane's school
Other than this, the book doesn't mention any specific place
Each residence provides Jane an indoor and outdoor space where she spends a great amount of her time. For example:
Gateshead and her walks outside
Lowood and the woods
Thornfield and it's gardens
This gives Jane a chance to be a part of the human civilization and the natural world.
Setting (cont'd)
Meaning behind the places
:
Each place she stays in represents a certain part of her life and the places influenced her to be the person she becomes; strong, unafraid, and independent.
Setting (cont'd)
Jane spent most of her childhood in Gateshead Hall.
"Gateshead" as in gateway or entrance to the rest of the world, this is the origin of all her problems
Then, she moves to Lowood to get her education.
"Lowood" meaning "low woods" because it is one of the lowest point of her life.
(Lowood also represents where the school was located. It was located in a low valley near the woods)
Next Jane Eyre got an offer to go to Thornfield as a governess for Adele, she was very delighted and eager. Jane knew this opportunity was going to change her life.
Supporting that, she says "I was too much excited. A phase of my life is closing to-night, a new one opening to-morrow".
Thornfield represents "Land of thorns". Jane finds mystery and allurement here.
Lastly, Ferndean or "ferny brae" represents an Eden-like paradise.
Historical Literary Analysis
She stays at Lowood for six years and teaches there for two years before leaving to accept a position as a governess at Thornfield
Upon arrival, she meets Mrs. Fairfax, Grace, and learns about the owner, Mr. Rochester
Grace attempts to murder Mr. Rochester by starting a fire in his room
Jane puts out the flames and saves Mr. Rochester's life
Sickness and Medicine
She receives a letter that her cousin, John Reed, has committed suicide and her aunt is nearing death
Jane returns home and Mrs. Reed gives her a letter from her father's brother
He wishes to adopt her so that he can pass his fortune onto her
Jane returns to Thornfield, and develops feelings for Mr. Rochester, but learns he is planning to marry a woman named Blanche
Ingram
She finds out Mr. Rochester has feelings for her too
He agrees to marry Jane instead
At the wedding ceremony, Jane learns that Mr. Rochester is already married to woman named Bertha
Jane forgives him but leaves
She quickly runs out of money and is taken in by two women, Mary, Diana, and their brother, St. John
She gives them a false name, Jane Elliott
Jane gets a job running a charity school for girls
St. John asks Jane to marry him, she refuses
Jane believes she hears Mr. Rochester's voice calling her
Sociological Literary Analysis
Women: not many rights
seen as inferior
caretaker, raise children, etc.
Not many career options
governess, maid, nun, teacher, wife
paid less than men
Richer women had more freedom (education)
All were Christian; religion very important
Women
Jane Eyre
caused uproar
seen as "anti-Christian"
went against social norms
Plot
She goes back to Thornfield to check on Mr. Rochester
Jane learns that Bertha burned down the house
Mr. Rochester was able to save his servants but not his wife
He lost an arm in the fire and became blind
When Mr. Rochester learns Jane is back, he asks to marry her again
She accepts
They have a son and Mr. Rochester regains vision in one eye
Sociological Literary Analysis
Women
nontraditional protagonist
"disconnected, poor, plain"
female lead
Jane - spent her time working
married into upper class
very uncommon; not allowed
wanted to work until wedding
Jane Eyre challenged social norms
witty, proud, outspoken
had strong beliefs
not marrying for money
challenging society and gender roles
Symbolism:
The Red Room
Room that Jane is locked in by her aunt as a young girl
Mostly red with some white
White symbolizes childhood innocence
Red symbolizes anger, fear, anxiety
Colors clash together to show the mixture of emotions throughout Jane's life
Symbolism:
The Spoiled Porridge
Sociological Literary Analysis
Women
Jane is given the porridge by a woman and little girl with a pig
The porridge is cold and hard
The porridge is given to her because the pig will not eat it
Represents her humility and that she is where her Aunt thought she deserved to be
During time of many similar novels
female authors (challenging society)
Jane Austen
Brontë sisters
Elizabeth Gaskell
Florence Nightingale
strong female protagonists
women's role in society beginning to grow
Theme
Symbolism:
The Chestnut Tree
Rochester proposes to Jane under the tree
Later in the story, the tree is struck by lightning and is split in half
Could be considered to be a bad omen
The splitting could also represent Jane separating herself from Rochester in order to avoid temptation
Brontë's main topic
Women's rights and inequalities
circulated around universally discussed problems in literature
Love is a central motif
Jane wishes to be loved and accepted
stems from her childhood with her cruel aunt and cousins
Love unconditionally
Disregard wealth, looks, education, past, etc.
Rochester and Jane
Adele's adoration of Jane
Miss Rosamond and St. John Rivers

Theme: Where
The theme established very early novel
Jane complaining to her aunt
Wants to be loved and cared for
Immediately seeks out friends at Lowood
Shows up multiple times later on
Goes back to Gateshead
despite vowing to never return
Writes her own uncle
Splits fortune with cousins
Stays with cousins
Goes back for Mr. Rochester
Historical Literary Analysis
Works Cited
Mishou, Aubrey L. <i>SURVIVING THORNFIELD: JANE EYRE AND NINETEENTH-CENTURY EVOLUTIONARY THEORY.</i> Fall2014 ed. Vol. 66. Marquette U, 2014. 255-272. Print.
"The LitCharts Study Guide to Jane Eyre." LitCharts. Web. 13 Feb. 2015. <http://www.litcharts.com/lit/jane-eyre/characters>.
"Charlotte Bronte." Web. 13 Feb. 2015. <http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/bronte/cbronte/jel.html>.
"Science Museum. Brought to Life: Exploring the History of Medicine." Miasma Theory. Web. 13 Feb. 2015. <http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/techniques/miasmatheory.aspx>.
"Dickens's Consumptive Urbanity: Consumption (Tuberculosis) through the Prism of Sensibility." Dickens's Consumptive Urbanity: Consumption (Tuberculosis) through the Prism of Sensibility. Web. 13 Feb. 2015. <http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/dickens/boev4.html>.
http://www.victorianweb.org/science/phrenology/intro.html
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/masterpiece/janeeyre/governess.html
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