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Teaching Grammar

TESL 115

Crystal Nykilchuk

on 6 June 2015

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Transcript of Teaching Grammar

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
TESL 115

Warmers/ Coffee clean-up
Moodle page/ Course Pack
List of Assignments/ due dates
Take Home Test
What is grammar?
Prescriptive or descriptive?
Morphology, syntax, discourse
Choosing our words
Parts of Speech: primer, jigsaw presentation
Verb Forms and Tenses
Verb Tenses: Activities
Conditionals: Hot Seat
Microteaching Assignments
Agenda, Tuesday Feb. 3
Are you a prescriptive grammarian or a descriptive grammarian?
Prescriptive 
Descriptive 
The Essential Question
Why Teach Grammar?
Factors in Grammar Choice
How would you choose your words differently in the following situations? List some of the actual phrases you would use in each situation.

Arranging a coffee date with a friend vs setting up a meeting with a potential client/boss

Arguing with a sibling vs arguing with a colleague
Choose your words
Present on the assigned part of speech
Memorable examples
Use flip chart paper and markers
Parts of Speech
Put up your poster and have one partner stay with the poster while the other person goes to the left and writes about the neighboring poster (with help from the poster presenter). After 3 minutes, the presenters of the posters become the listeners of the poster on the left and the listeners become the presenters of the posters they just heard about. Rotate after each round until you have notes for every presentation.
Parts of Speech Presentations
Parts of Speech
Verbs made up of more than one word.
Combination of words different from each word taken separately
Verb + preposition or adverb
I ran into Sam at Red Robin last weekend.
Brennan couldn’t remember Kelsey’s number so he had to look it up.
We had to give up on Blackboard last week.
Phrasal Verbs
Transitive, intransitive, separable, non-separable
Verb: Look out for, look up, look down, look over,
Particle: hold up, get up, run up, look up, screw up
Self-directed, text based
Underline in texts
Theme related
Teaching Phrasal Verbs
Simple present
Present Progressive
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Progressive
Simple Past
Past Progressive
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Progressive
Future simple
Future Progressive
Future Perfect
Future Perfect Progressive
Verb Forms
--what does it look like?
--what is the aspect of the verb – what time is the verb tense portraying?
--key words, context, frequency of use,
habit, fact, truth, complaint, plan, prediction, finished action
Verb Forms
Present Verb Tenses
Past Verb Tenses
Future Tenses
How can you set up an activity to practice different tenses?
Teaching the Tenses
Just for Laughs
Activity: p. 15 – What is the difference in meaning?

You could clean your room tonight
You should clean your room tonight
You have to clean your room tonight
You must clean your room tonight
You had better clean your room tonight

Zero: If I boil water, it evaporates.
First: If I boil water, it will evaporate.
Second: If I had $1000000, I would buy a sailboat.
Third: If I had studied more, I would have passed the test.
Conditional Love?
To teach or not to teach Grammar
Tanner p. 13, Task 1 – What’s grammar got to do with it?

- make notes on p. 17 as we proceed
B. Teaching Theory and Methodology
L1 Syntax--SVO?
Prior Classroom Grammar Instruction
Communicative way will be a stretch!
Language Acquisition in Grammar
interlanguage means…
Regress as they progress
C. Student Considerations
Presenting Grammar
Inductive vs Deductive
Concept Checking
Lesson Observation (Harmer) Rolf
Tanner p. 14: Presentation Techniques
D. Presentation and Practice
Activity (CP - p. 21) – Harmer p. 210-224
Introducing Grammar
Discovering Grammar
Practicing Grammar
Grammar Games

With your group, choose one activity to demonstrate to the class.
D2. Grammar Practice Activities
Activity: Jumbled Lesson Plan
Tanner p.21 –Task 5
Step 1 and Step 2
Your lesson plan
D3. Activity Flow and Lesson Planning
CP p. 23 – Fill out the chart using the book you have been assigned.

Review Harmer p. 224-228 for criteria explanation
Grammar Books
Tanner p. 22 Task 7
Read the instructions and make your way through the cards. The person with the most points wins!
Use gestures, paper and pen to get your partners to say what is on the card. 2 minutes!!
Grammar Elicitation Game
Can you recall the following terms?
Face Validity
E. Assessment in Grammar
Discrete-item Tests
Performance Tests
Relationship and Rapport:
meet and greet (this will help your nervousness and theirs!)
Dress well
Be prepared
…..to be flexible
have copies done the day before
be sure your technology works--have a plan B!
Reminders for Microteaching
In the lobby of a Moscow hotel across from a Russian Orthodox monastery:
You are welcome to visit the cemetery where famous Russian and Soviet composers, artists and writers are buried daily except Thursdays.
What went wrong?
Mt. Kilimanjaro, the breathtaking backdrop for the Serena Lodge. Swim in the lovely pool while you drink it all in.
Hotel in Africa
Our staffs are always here waiting for you to patronize them.
Hotel in Tokyo
Customers who find our waitresses rude ought to see the manager.
Restaurant in Nairobi
Why go somewhere else to be cheated when you can come here?
Indian Shop
The flattening of underwear with pleasure by the chambermaid is the job of the chambermaid. Turn to her straightaway.
Hotel in Serbia
What is Grammar?
"...the rules in a language for changing the forms of words and joining them into sentences"
(Oxford Dictionary)
morphology (forms of words)
syntax (how words are put together in sentences)
discourse (how different parts of text are connected)
Your ideas?
Agenda: Tuesday, Feb. 10
Warmer: Tania
Review: What Went Wrong?
Harmer Video: Rolf--Teaching Inductively
Effective Eliciting Techniques
Eliciting Game
Grammar Practice Activities
Lesson Planning: Tanner
Grammar Textbooks
Grammar Apps
Student Considerations
Students will most likely have studied grammar before, BUT....not in a communicative way...
Students acquire grammar through an interlanguage system--they regress as they progress
Agenda Tuesday, Feb. 17
Warmer: Kira
Upcoming Conferences
Grammar Apps
Testing/ Assessment
Commercial Tests
Reminders for Saturday
Lesson Plan Feedback
Commercially-Produced Tests
With your group, find out the following about your test:
what is tested
how it is tested
the scoring
time allowed
how long results are valid
the cost
IELTS-International English Language Testing System (ielts.org)
TOEFL-Test of English as a Foreign Language (ets.org/toefl)
Cambridge Exams-ex. PET, FCE, CAE (http://www.cambridgeenglish.org/exams-and-qualifications/)
TOEIC-Test of English for International Communication (toeic.ca)
CELPIP-Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (paragontesting.ca)
Report your findings to the class and complete the chart.
Microteaching Assignments
Saturday, Feb. 7
Warmer: Leslie
Parts of Speech Review
Hypothetical Meaning
(Conditionals)- Hot Seat!
Group Jigsaw-Conditionals
Debate: Why Teach Grammar?
Student Considerations: Word Order: SVO or....
Prior Classroom Instruction
Language Acquisition
Website Recommendations
Presentation and Practice
Time to work on your lesson plans
Parts of Speech Review
--take a look at Primer
Group Jigsaw
Website Recommendations
Rolf (Harmer)/ CP page 30
1. Discuss questions 1 and 2.
2. Watch for:
Inductive vs Deductive
Concept Checking
3. Complete chart and discuss with partner.

Presenting Grammar: Lesson Observation
Effective Eliciting Techniques
Effective Eliciting Techniques
remain silent
ask another learner
effective questions: does anyone know.../ cany anyone tell me...?
use encouraging language
give prompts
write an incorrect answer--have sts correct
be tactful
9-10Prep for Microteaching
10 Welcome students
10:15 Teaching
Snacks and Student Feedback
Peer Feedback
Course Evaluation
Grammar Apps
You might be interested in....
BC TEAL Annual Conference
Discuss your ideas
Practicality: straightforward design/ marking--is it practical for you to use?
Reliability: results will be the same every time, even with different teacher/ assistant markers
Validity: tests what was taught in class/ what students expect
Face Validity: looks like a test
Washback: test has positive effects in classroom teaching/ preparation for test
Spin-off: students can learn from difficult areas on the test afterwards
How would you test grammar?
Look at the example test.
Is it practical, reliable, valid?
What about washback/ spin-off?
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