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Honor Killing - Oral Presentation/Final Assignment
Transcript of Honor Killing - Oral Presentation/Final Assignment
Syria - Only crimes of passion Honor Killing Katie Kim, Emma Spett, Nikita Parikh
Global Perspectives International Social Policy
Nancy E. Wallace
December 3, 2012 PLAN OF ACTION Definition of Honor Killing: An honor killing is the murder of a member of a family or group that is perpetrated by other members of the same family/group because of a belief that the victim has dishonored the family/group. Typical behaviors or suspicion of behaviors that lead to honor killings:
Disagreeing with an arranged marriage or attempting to seek out a love marriage
Extra-marital affairs or pre-marital affairs
Rape Article 1 of the Convention defines torture as: “Any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as … punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed.”
— Convention Against Torture, Article 1.1 UN CONVENTION AGAINST TORTURE 1984 Educational Initiatives Introduce human rights education into schools and workplaces
Have relevant basis of convincing
Modernize the way women are treated
Have a curriculum created by progressive local thinkers so that it does not seem like a “Westernized” ideas Advocacy Help make all people who are within the cultures that have honor killings as a social norm made aware of the local and national legislation that protects women against violence as well as murder
Create initiatives that educate actors within human rights settings (police officers, lawyers, teachers, etc) about the consequences of crimes against women, especially those involving honor and murder “Naming and Shaming” Create international initiatives that allow nations to put pressure on places where honor crimes are particularly high to advance the legislation regarding women’s rights
Often times, nations are more concerned with their economic and political standings in the international community than the cultural practices of their citizens. CULTURE Sexual misconduct of the female - upsets moral order for the culture of interest
Bloodshed - remove shame and restore social equilibrium
In some cultures - less serious than other murders - long-standing cultural traditions
Difference in cultures – difference in code of morality
NOT an act of abhorrence or crime – restoration of PEACE "These are centuries-old traditions, and I will continue to defend them. Only those who indulge in immoral acts should be afraid." (Israr Ullah Zehri, 2008)
“…those who are killed have culturally ‘loose morals’ and are rightfully killed by relatives in honor killings.” (Ramazan Kadyrov) Tactic for immigration families to cope with alienation – remaining close to home culture – safety net, coping mechanism “In villages "back home", a man's sphere of control was broader, with a large support system. In our cities full of strangers, there is virtually no control over who one's family members sit, talk or work with.” (Fareena Alam, Muslim Magazine) Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Judaism, Christianity
"BBC’s Asian network poll: 1 in 10 of the 500 Hindus, Sikhs, Christians and Muslims surveyed stated they would condone any murder of someone who threatened their family’s honor"
Religious meaning – virginity, purity - help to reinforce social traditions, control of a woman's body & sexuality RELIGION “Men are guardians over women, because Allah has given the one more (strength) than the other, and because they support them from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient, and guard in (the husband's) absence what Allah would have them guard. As to those women on whose part ye fear disloyalty and ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (Next), refuse to share their beds, (And last) beat them; but if they return to obedience, seek not against them Means (of annoyance): For Allah is Most High, great (above you all).” Qur'an verse An-Nisa, 34: LEGALITY Countries that allow males to kill females legally - in [flagrant delicto] the act of committing adultery Article 269 of the penal code:
"…in the case of adultery as provided for in Article 284, the murder by a husband of his wife and/or her partner, immediately upon discovering them in [the act of committing adultery] in the conjugal abode is to be pardoned."
Article 340 of the Penal Code:
"…he who discovers his wife or one of his female relatives committing adultery and kills, wounds, or injures one of them, is exempted from any penalty."
Article 98: “…reduced sentence is applied to a person who kills another person in a 'fit of fury'". Haiti: Jordan: REFUTE THE COUNTER CLAIMS Honor killings do NOT have any definite connection with religion Practiced before any major religion came into existence
“There is nothing in the Qur'an that permits or sanctions honor killings. The first and most basic right in the Qur'an that every Muslim is expected to follow is, in fact, the right to life.” (Tahira Shaid Khan) Pakistan – honor killing is illegal but still occur
Claim the killing was for his honor and he will go free
1,261 women were killed in honor killings – 2003
Laws to reduce the legal protections for women – stoning to death
March 2005 – Pakistani parliament rejected the bill to strengthen laws against honor killing
Actions of Pakistani police officers and judges - support the act of honor killings in the name of family honor
Out of 150 honor killings - judges punished eight cases - rest were set free or sentenced lightly
Women and victims are too afraid to speak up or press charges Corruption in the legal systems Countries that allow husbands to kill only their wives without premeditation include:
Brazil until 1991
Colombia until 1980 Countries in which honor killing is not legal but is known to occur include:
Uganda "The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) provides the basis for realizing equality between women and men through ensuring women's equal access to, and equal opportunities in, political and public life -- including the right to vote and to stand for election -- as well as education, health and employment. States parties agree to take all appropriate measures, including legislation and temporary special measures, so that women can enjoy all their human rights and fundamental freedoms."