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Sports Psychology

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on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Sports Psychology

"Sport psychology involves the scientific study of the psychological factors that are associated with participation and bettering performance in sport" -American Psychological Association

Sports Psychology
Tracy, Emily, Margaret Tucker, Kyre
What is a Sport Psychologist?
Dr. Challace McMillin

Mental Training Consultant
"Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. The discipline embraces all aspects of the human experience"
-American Psychological Association

Help athletes achieve optimal mental health

Improve an athlete's performance

Understand how participation in sport, exercise and physical activity affects an individual's psychological development, health, and well-being throughout the lifespan.
Sports psychologists are trained:
to identify and develop mental and emotional knowledge to ensure excellence and consistence in an athlete's performance
to provide individual or group therapy relative to a broad range of behavioral and emotional issues.

Sports Psychology
Who Hires Sport
Elite, amateur, and professional athletes

Coaches at the high school level

Major universities

Olympic athletes

Exercise specialists
How is Sport Psychology Used for Today’s Athletes?
Coping With the Pressures
of Competition
Assist athletes in dealing with pressures from:
their own expectations

Recover from Injuries
After an injury, athletes may need help:
tolerating pain
adhering to their physical therapy regimens
adjusting to being sidelined

Enjoy Sports
Educate coaches about how to help kids enjoy sports
Ensure participants maintain positive self-esteem

Manage Anxiety and Energy
Common treatments include:
breathing exercises
progressive relaxation
imagery or visualization
cognitive techniques (i.e thought stopping)

Attention and Concentration Control (focusing)

Redirect harmful focuses that will directly hurt your performance
Maintain mental intensity within a situation
Pay more attention to performance cues such as technique, tactics, your opponent, the score, and time remaining
Communication Skills
Help improve relationships with other players, coaches, and parents
Teaching active listening and communicating skills
Helping individuals create a free and open environment
Assertiveness training
Goal Setting
Enhances motivation
Focuses attention on the aspects of performance that are most in need of improvement
Facilitates rehabilitation from injury

emphasis on skill development
identifying target dates for attaining goals
identifying goal achievement strategies
providing regular goal evaluation

Imagery, Visualization,
and Mental Practice
Uses include:
mental preparation
anxiety control
building self-confidence
learning new skills
injury recovery
Prompts a specific behavior
Improves self–confidence
Provides attention control
Helps gain motivation
identify negative or irrelevant thoughts
challenge these thoughts
create positive thoughts
substitute positive thoughts for the negative thoughts

Time Management and Organization
The goal is to reduce stress by:
teaching how to use a planner
learning about the demands of a task
setting legitimate goals for tasks
understanding the demands of one’s life
developing of a pre–performance routine
Team Building
This is the process of helping teams enhance their ability to work together through:
improving of communication
group objectives
Works Cited
"About Applied Sport & Exercise Psychology." Association for Applied Sport Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.appliedsportpsych.org/about/ about-applied-sport-and-exercise- psychology/>.

CelticsPatriotsman. Motivational Sports Speeches. YouTube. N.p., 5 Apr. 2011. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=VHLzXy6fyc0>.

"How Does the APA Define 'psychology'?" American Psychological Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.apa.org/support/about/apa/psychology.aspx#answer>.

McMillin, Challace, Dr. Personal interview. 24 Oct. 2013.

Miamihurricanevideos. Heart (The Pregame Speech) - 2010 College Sports Media Award Winner. YouTube. N.p., 24 Aug. 2010. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=vSv4ygvECUQ>.

Paccagnella, Michelle. "Sports Coach : Performing under Pressure." Australian Sports Commission. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. <http://www.ausport.gov.au/sportscoachmag/psychology2/performing_under_pressure2>.

Portenga, Steven T., Ph.D, et al. "Defining the Practice of Sport and Performance Psychology." Division 47 (Exercise and Sport Psychology) of the American Psychological Association : 1-33. American Psychological Association. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/about/resources/ defining.pdf>.

"Sport Psychologists Help Professional and Amateur Athletes." American Psychological Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <https://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sport-psychologists.aspx>.

"Sport Psychology- Concentration and Attention." Hokie Sports. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.hokiesports.com/psychology/concentration.html>.

"What Is Exercise Psychology and Sport Psychology?" American Psychological Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/about/resources/what-is.aspx>.
1) The speaker in the video says that the athletes' strength is there but it is hidden by what?
2) The objectives for coaching a younger team include all of the following except:
a. promoting healthy self-esteem
b. making winning the main objective
c. making sure kids find enjoyment in the sport
d. teaching sportsmanship
4) A referee makes a bad call in a basketball game. Although this upsets one of the players, she recognizes that thinking about the bad call will not help her team win the game. She stops thinking about the call and instead, she focuses on the positive things she can do to help her team.
a. thought stopping
b. self-talk
c. progressive relaxation
d. meditation
3) True or False: Sports psychology is not really psychology.

5) All these are an effect of goal setting except ?
a. enhances motivation.
b. focuses attention on the aspects of performance that are most in need of improvement.
c. facilitates rehabilitation from injury.
d. takes focus off of the actual game.
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