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Copy of Author's Perspective Practice

Short sample texts for students to quickly determine the Author's Perspective on an issue
by

Jamie Dozier

on 18 June 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Author's Perspective Practice

Author's Perspective Practice When authors write, their stories often reflect their own personal beliefs or feelings. How can you tell what the author believes? You look for clues in the author's choice of words. Read this short text:
The average school day for kindergarteners is getting longer, and it's paying off in improved reading skills. Public schoolchildren who attended kindergarten for a full day showed more improvement than those enrolled in half-day programs. This improvement will be carried on in elementary school and even high school. These children will be able to get better jobs when they are adults. What is the author's viewpoint on full-day kindergarten? He is in favor of it. What are the clues? Improved reading skills
paying off
more improvement
better jobs Now read this article on the same topic:
The trend toward full day kindergarten
programs in public schools is taking its toll on
the young children of today. Recent studies
showing improved reading skills may be
misleading. This improvement in reading is
unlikely to carry on as these children progress
through elementary school. What is this author's viewpoint on fullday kindergarten? He does NOT approve of it. What are the clues?
taking its toll
studies are misleading
unlikely to carry on Read this short text on a new topic:
This is the time of year when many young birds are preparing to leave the nest. If you find a young bird on the ground peeping and looking deserted, leave it alone! Birds often leave the nest before they can fly. Too often well-meaning people will interfere with nature. The sounds the bird makes are not cries for help. The calls help the parents to locate the bird when they come back with food. What is the author's perspective on helping birds? People shouldn't interfere. What are the clues? leave it alone
well-meaning people will interfere
not a cry for help Read this text about the same topic-
I love to watch birds! It always amazes me
how they can build those nests! I like to leave scraps of hair and yarn out for them to find. They'll use these things and weave them into a nest. Being a parent is a hard job, and the birds can use all the help they can get. What is the author's perspective on helping birds? People should help the birds. leave scraps of hair and yarn out
a hard job
can use help In your own words, explain what the author's viewpoint is and how you find it. Persuasive text is a special type of informational text. It typically includes a number of facts, most of which are more likely to help convince the reader to agree with their own opinion/ perspective.
Writers of persuasive texts use specific techniques such as parallelism, comparison, and causality in their arguments. Students should be familiar with these terms and techniques. Parallelism is when one sentence, or part of a sentence, is next to and just like another sentence or part of a sentence. This is a powerful technique for persuasive writing or speaking. Persuasive comparisons recommend one subject as being superior to another. Commercials often demonstrate how one product is better or cheaper than other brands. Politicians use comparison and contrast to demonstrate that their policies or positions are superior to those advocated by their opponents. Causality: You can convince others to take supportive action by illustrating "cause and effect," the notion that one event automatically produces another. Why? Because parallelism is repetition. "I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.'

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood...

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character."

—Martin Luther King, Jr., "I Have a Dream" speech My paper is about dress codes.
I think they are stupid because they aren’t necessary; they take away our rights; they turn us into zombies; they don’t change anything, and they cost money.
They are stupid because they aren’t necessary. We are here to learn. It doesn’t matter what we are wearing as long as we are learning.
They are stupid because they take away our rights. We should be allowed to wear whatever we want. Don’t stifle our creativity by making us all the same.
They are stupid because they turn us into zombies. They make us so that we follow the crowd and are never individuals. That’s completely wrong. We have to learn to be independent.
They are stupid because they will cost money. Right now I have all the clothes I need. I don’t need to go out and buy uniforms, too. My mother works hard enough for our money. She doesn’t want to spend it on some pants and shirts I’ll only wear at school.
They are stupid, too, because studies say so. The studies we read in class show no difference caused by the uniforms except some more kids went to college. Who says college is so important? Bill Gates dropped out.
So, in summary, I say that uniforms are bad because they are stupid. They are stupid because they aren’t necessary; they take away our rights; they turn us into zombies; they don’t change anything, and they cost money. Get rid of them! The RAIN Forest!!! It’s disappearing fast. Farmers are using the land to graze their cattle. Miners are taking the minerals out of the land and polluting the river. Thousands of plant species that are used for medicines are disappearing every day. This is your chance to protect the rain forest before it’s too late!
Every day is a day where this precious resource is disappearing. Don’t let your children get diseases
that can be cured by rain forest plants. Make sure that in the future you have air to breathe.
You can buy rain forest land for $40/acre. Today, you will identify the author's viewpoint or position and explain the basic relationships among ideas (e.g., parallelism, comparison, causality) in the argument. What phrase did the author use to reinforce his position in the argument? The Author compared ______ to _____ to support his position in the argument. The author's position on ______ is _______. How did the author of this selection reveal his viewpoint in the argument? What could questions look like on STAAR?
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