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Temple of Artemis

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Karl Meakin

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Temple of Artemis

of the city-state Lydia.


The Temple of Artemis, also known as the Artemesion, was paid for by


6th Century BCE








323 BCE
The Temple of Artemis was completed.












After being destroyed once,
it was rebuilt in
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Purpose
The Temple of Artemis was built by the Ephesians to worship the goddess Artemis. Ephesians worshiped the goddess Artemis quite differently from the Greeks. While the Greeks worshiped Artemis as the goddess of hunting, the Ephesians viewed her as a goddess of fertility. Although the temple was built in the Greek style, it had some striking differences from contemporary Greek temples. The statue of Artemis inside the temple did not at all resemble other Greek statues, it was more similar to statues from the Far East.
July 1st, 356 BCE
the Temple was burned to the ground by
King Croesus
Why is the Temple of Artemis considered a wonder of the Ancient World?
It is one of the largest Greek temples ever built, larger than the Parthenon (377 by 180 feet)
Antipater of Sidon, who first named the Seven Wonders, considered this temple to be the grandest of all the wonders
It had 127 60 foot tall Ionic columns, in a dipteral octastyle formation
It is believed to have taken 120-200 years to complete
It contained many famous sculptures and paintings
Relief sculptures were found on several of the columns of the temple
Ephesus,
The Temple of Artemis was located in
Karl Meakin
During the
"I have set eyes on the wall of lofty Babylon on which is a road for chariots, and the statue of Zeus by the Alpheus, and the hanging gardens, and the colossus of the Sun, and the huge labor of the high pyramids, and the vast tomb of Mausolus; but when I saw the house of Artemis that mounted to the clouds, those other marvels lost their brilliancy, and I said, 'Lo, apart from Olympus, the Sun never looked on aught so grand.'"

Antipater of Sidon
On
Weakened by earthquakes, it was destroyed again in
262 CE
Herostratus
by
the Goths
which is in modern day Turkey.
Cherisiphron
Metagenes
and his son
It was designed by

Works Cited

Eason, James. "Temple of Artemis." University of Chicago. University of Chicago, 2000. Web. 03 Oct. 2013. <http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/greece/paganism/artemis.html>.

"The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus: The Un-Greek Temple and Wonder." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ed. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited, 18 Jan. 2012. Web. 03 Oct. 2013. <http://www.ancient.eu.com/article/128/>.

Wood, Ryan. "The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus." The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus. Penn State University, 2010. Web. 03 Oct. 2013. <http://www.personal.psu.edu/rjw5073/artemis.html>.

Pictures:

<http://onyx.malagraphixia.com/corel_draw/images/ionic_column.gif>

<http://www.pxleyes.com/images/users/J/Jacu/231/fullsize/4a477e6883047.jpg>

<http://www.ephesus.us/images/map_ephesus2.jpg>

<http://ephesus-tours.pro/photos/artemis-statue.jpg>
Full transcript