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Anton Chekhov

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Christina Schulz

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of Anton Chekhov

Anton Chekhov His Life
His Works
His Russia
His Theatre His Life Anton Pavlovich Chekhov
1960 - 1904 Russia 1860 - 1904 His Russia Vielen Dank für die Aufmerksamkeit! d dd Family: Greek Orthodox Christians
Father: tradesman, often abusive
Mother: storyteller for children Alexander II & Alexander III
Oppression of ideas, lack of possession
Persecution Complex
Emancipation of the peasantry
Slaves, overtaxed workers, terrorists - Aristocracy
Grim Social Atmosphere
Bloody Sunday Through his writing, he tried to express the attitudes and feelings of people with which he shared his country, his culture, and his life. The Moscow Art Theatre Stanilavski & Nemirovich-Danchenko
First achieved fame with the production of The Seagull in 1898
Changed decisively after Chekhov's death
"Forever transformed the ways in which plays are conceived, written, and performed" A Presentation by Ann-Kristin Hensen & Christina Schulz Chekhov's Works ddd Education: local gymnasium
1879-1884: University of Moscow, degree in medicine
At the same time: start of his literary career (short stories), originally to support his financially damaged family 1886: first publication Particoloured Stories
1887: production of his first play Ivanov
1888: famous for his literary talent
1896: production of his second play The Seagull ddd 1898: tuberculosis, resettled in Yalta on the north coast of the Black Sea
1901: marries the actress Olga Knipper
July 1904: dies in Badenweiler, Germany His Works Influences Specific Examples Specific Style Atmosphere of the Russia of his day
Russia’s inner state shapes people’s individual destinies
Mood over plot - Plotlessness
Light & Dark - Good & Evil
Frost and snowstorms as symbols of restless souls or the spirit
Past, Present & Future
Real Life Characteristics
of his short stories and plays Stories about a state of mind and the way it changes
Stream-of-consciousness-technique
Extremely realistic narratives, often understated
Anti-climatic endings
Use of trivial, seemingly unimportant incidents
Inactive, introspective characters unsuccessful in St. Petersburg, but staged successfully again in 1898 at the Moscow Art theatre of Stanislavsky
1886-1888: experimental period, first publications and productions

1889-1902: most creative phase
The Seagull (1896)
Uncle Vanya (1899)
Three Sisters (1901)
The Cherry Orchard (1904) Most popular works in Russia
Early, humorous stories
Internationally famous for his influential short stories and plays Realism (external): observation of social issues and the general human behavior in society
Modernism (internal): focus on psychological aspects, insight on the human psyche
Individual style which combines both realism and modernism
Great influence on modern dramatic literature His Theatre Restrained, allusive style
Emphasis on internal and psychological states
Method Acting
static & plotless - significant & meaningful "After all, in real life, people don't spend every minute shooting at each other, hanging themselves, and making confessions of love. They don't spend all the time saying clever things. They're more occupied with eating, drinking, flirting, and talking stupidities—and these are the things which ought to be shown on the stage. A play should be written in which people arrive, go away, have dinner, talk about the weather, and play cards. Life must be exactly as it is, and people as they are.… Let everything on the stage be just as complicated, and at the same time just as simple as it is in life. People eat their dinner, just eat their dinner, and all the time their happiness is being established or their lives are being broken up." People living in constant fear of arrest in Ward 6
Own microcosm like a box in A Hard Case
Sakhalin - The Island of Sakhalin, The Murder
Russia - The Steppe, The Cherry Orchard The past influencing the present in
The Seagull
Arkadina and Trigorin: artistic past that Treplev is trying to forget
Vanya: years wasted supporting Serebriakov
Masha, Irina, and Olga: Moscow of their childhood
The Cherry Orchard
Ranevskaya is tortured by the memory of her drowned son and her flight to Paris Thanks for your kind attention "Medicine is my lawful wife and literature is my mistress."
Full transcript