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Malawi

African issues in the country of Malawi for ICONS.
by

Rachel Kennerly

on 8 February 2011

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Transcript of Malawi

Malawi The government says it needs minimum of US$21.6 million to avoid disaster this year. the fourth poorest country in the world Food Crisis Problems Facing the Country: - Food Crisis
- HIV/AIDS
- Poverty
- Orphans
- Education This problem though has been on going for several years now so we need to provide them, in addition to the US$21.6 million, with $2.5 billion to help set up food supply stands in various areas so they are reachable for all of the people in this country. Out of a population of 14 million, almost one million people in Malawi are living with HIV. AIDS is the leading cause of death amongst adults in Malawi, and is a major factor in the country’s low life expectancy of just 43 years.
- Constructing new health facilities in underserved areas
- Supporting government hospitals
- Creating educational HIV/AIDS-prevention programs
- Procuring antiretroviral treatments and other drugs estimated cost:
- $25million to construct all the necessary health facilities in malawi
- $50million to provide all the necessary treatments for the people already infected
- $10million to create prevention programs
- $25million to support the government hospitals to support all these ideas after they have been set up, an additional $1-2 billion is needed HIV/AIDS Poverty What needs to be done:
- Establish vocational training of caregivers and youths
- Create communal gardens and animal farming programs
- Make daily nutritious meals and clean water more accessible to orphans and vulnerable children
- Support feeding programs at child care centers and orphanages
- Send food packs to people suffering from HIV/AIDS
- Improve access to clean water
- Provide basic health needs through the construction of health facilities and support of government hospitals Due to poverty and the precarious farming situation, many Malawians deal with hunger and malnutrition on a daily basis. By some estimates, 50% of the country’s children under age five are stunted due to the lack of adequate nutrition. GDP per Capita (US$):
Country 1975 1980 1985 1990 1998
Malawi 157 169 161 152 166
United States 19,364 21,529 23,200 25,363 29,683 Orphans Total: $4-6 billion Malawi is home to an estimated 1,000,000 orphans and has few resources or facilities to care for so many children.

It is not uncommon to find families with no parents— due to disease or to abandonment—in which the oldest sibling is caring for the youngest. Without parents, obtaining an education and health care, maintaining nutritious habits, and fulfilling basic needs can be a struggle. The Solution:
- Ensure orphans receive needed caren & by working to interrupt the cycle of disease and poverty, we can slow and decrease the numbers of orphans in the future. total cost:
$2billion Education Malawi lacks the necessary resources to provide every child with an adequate education.

Disease decimated a generation of adults, leaving more vacant teaching positions that adults are able to fill them. And even where schooling is available, poverty prevents many children from attending classes due to school expenses.
Gender issues also contribute to the education crisis in Malawi. Cultural norms put girls at a disadvantage in achieving the most basic level of education. Many girls also leave school due to pregnancy or to care for younger siblings. total cost to maintain school, provide teachers, and books, and make them accessable for everyone: $1-2billion All these efforts to fix these problems will help Malawi become a developing country. This is necessary for the country's survival and its people.
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