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Historical Webstory - SOSE

Reasons why people migrated to Australia in the 1800's

Marnie Wo

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Historical Webstory - SOSE

Reasons why people migrated to Australia
from Europe and Asia. (ACHHK096) Migration in the 1800's 1770 1750 Captain James Cooks lands on Australian soil 1830 - 1840's Assisted passengers arrive Industrial Revolution begins in United Kingdom 1845 Irish Potato Famine 1788 First Fleet lands
in Botany Bay 1850's Gold Rush begins near
Bathurst, Victoria 1901 http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibition/objectsthroughtime/ 1932 Sydney Harbour Bridge opens 1914 - 1918 World War 2 Australia becomes a Federation Captain James Cook landed on Australian soil in 1770, and spent months exploring the east coastline. Britain decided to establish a colony at Botany Bay.
In 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip and
the first fleet arrived in Botany Bay. Image retrieved from http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibition/objectsthroughtime-history/ott1788/ The first fleet consisted mainly of convicts and a small number of marines and their families. The journey to Australia was dangerous and long.
Australia needed to be self sufficient due to the time supplies took to arrive. What difficulties would the first settlers have encountered? What would life have been like for the new immigrants? The Industrial Revolution coincided around the same time as the first European settlement in Australia.
As machines began to replace manual labour, many English migrated to Australia due to lack of available work. http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/ahc/index.html What difference did the Industrial
Revolution make?
What benefits did it bring?
Who opposed it? The Assisted Passage scheme in the 1830's was introduced to encourage business owners and farmers to Australia.
Many English workers and their families immigrated to Australia for the opportunity of a better life.
South Australia became the first colony of Australia to be settled entirely by free settlers http://www.skwirk.com.au/p-c_s-56_u-426_t-1075_c-4146/SA/9/Migration-to-Australia-1832-1850/Mass-migration/Becoming-Australian/SOSE-History/ http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/changing-face-of-early-australia In 1851, almost 80 years after the first European immigration, many Chinese came to Australia in search of fortune in the Gold fields in Victoria.
Governor FitzRoy ordered gold seekers to pay for a licence in order to dig for gold which led to a rebellion at Eureka Stockade.
After the gold rush many stayed to work as labourers in the sugar and banana industries. Germany Year 5 - The reasons people migrated to Australia from Europe and Asia, and the experience and contributions of a particular migrant group within a colony (ACHHK096) In Ireland the potato crop of 1845 was affected by a fungus causing potato crops to fail. The fungus, which led to widespread starvation and disease in Ireland lasted until 1850. As a result of the Irish Potato Famine the Irish emigrated to America and Australia. People came to Australia seeking fortune, opportunity and freedom.
The arrival of people from diverse societies created a cultural diversity that is now an integral part of Australian society and identity. Where are your ancestors from? Image retrieved by http://www.historyservices.com.au/convicts.htm http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/SearchScreens/BasicSearch.aspx Search to see if your ancestors immigrated to Australia Reference List

A History of Immigration in Australia (2010, May 13). A History of Immigration in Australia [Video file].
Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=teq__HPNpSI.

Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA). (2012). Retrieved from

From a White Australia to one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world (2009, March 18).
From a White Australia to one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world [Video file].
Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QSVCZW0w9o

The following websites used in the creation of this WebStory were retrieved from:

1832-1850/Mass-migration/Becoming-Australian/SOSE-History/ Marnie Task 2 Historical Webstory http://museumvictoria.com.au/discoverycentre/websites-mini/journeys-australia/1850s70s/ 1790 - 1830's Exploration, wool industry
and farming developed. Free settlement begins Image retrieved from http://www.cptcook.com/img/cook1.gif http://www.australianhistory.org/colonisation Coal was the most important resource of the Industrial Revolution. In 1804 a permanent convict settlement was established, named Newcastle. Today Newcastle is the largest coal port in the world. Image retrieved from http://coalriver.wordpress.com/2011/09/ Image retrieved from http://candobetter.net/node/1597 How were the indigenous Australians treated? Image retreived from http://jgburdette.wordpress.com/2012/05/10/setting-sail-irish-immigration-during-the-potato-famine/ http://www.fairhall.id.au/resources/journey/journey.htm Image retrieved from http://www.stgeorged.det.nsw.edu.au/support/curriculum/ict/dulwich07/SamW.htm http://www.nma.gov.au/education-kids/classroom_learning/multimedia/interactives/gold-rush Click on link to journey back in time
to Ballarat and search for gold How important was the Gold Rush era in shaping Australia's population? What were the challenges that miners faced finding gold? Australia's economic growth is improved as immigrant’s contributions to supply and demand have an effect on the economy. Image retrieved from http://nma.gove.au/education-kids/classroom_learning/multimedia/interactives/gold-rush Caroline Chisholm, the wife of a British soldier, arrived in Sydney in September 1838. There she saw the misery of unemployed immigrant women who lived on the streets. Caroline began helping some of these women find work, teaching them the basics of housekeeping and cooking so they could be employed in the homes of the middle and upper classes. She expanded her welfare agency beyond Sydney, setting up sixteen emigrant women's hostels around the colony. The Deane family were one of the assisted passengers in 1838. The dresses they brought with them are the oldest and rarest held in the National Historical Collection.
The daughters, Ann and Mary, after arriving in Sydney established the Misses Deane's school in Macquarie Place. Girls were to be taught English, French, needlework, history and geography. Music, dancing and drawing were also offered. http://www.nma.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0012/131151/Pastoral_settlement_bw.pdf What would education have been like? Experiences and contributions Image retrieved from http://www.beikey.net/mrs-deane/?s=deane+familywww.beikey.net http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/changing-face-of-early-australia People migrated to Australia from Europe and Asia in the 18th century for many reasons. First convicts arrived, followed by free migrants, assisted passengers and labourers. People migrated for a better life during the Industrial Revolution, the Irish Potato Famine and the Gold Rush. http://australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/women-in-colonial-times
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