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AP English 12 Research Prezi

Romantic Period

Hannah Haaland

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of AP English 12 Research Prezi

The Romantic Period John Keats Mary Wollstonecraft Percy Bysshe Shelley Samuel Taylor Coleridge William Wordsworth Major Works: Robert Burns - Robert Burns was born in Alloway, Scotland, on January 25, 1759. William Blake Second daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft
and William Godwin. Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley Claire and Mary would remain very close for the rest of their lives. -A romantic poet and song writer, at the age of 15 he wrote his first poem. Mary’s mother died soon after her birth and she and her half sister Fanny gained a stepsister, Claire, when her father remarried Mary Jane Clairmont. Percy was born in 1792 in Sussex, England. He is known as one of the best lyric poets. He was a key member of a close circle of visionary poets such as Lord Byron and his wife Mary Shelley.He died at age 29 in Italy. -Most of Burns poems were written in Scots. - Samuel Taylor Coleridge was an English Poet,literary critic, and philosopher who was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England.
- Throughout his life, Coleridge suffered from crippling bouts of anxiety and depression; as well as bipolar disorder.
- Coleridge was born on October 21, 1772 in Ottery St. Mary, England. There were bitter times for Mary growing up with a
cruel step mother and emotionally distant father;

she consoled herself at her mother’s graveside and
spent periods of time in Scotland with friends of the family. George Gordon
Lord Byron Second of five children, Wordsworth was born in 1770 in Cockermouth, England. -In 1785, he fathered the first of his 14 children. Life Info -January 1788-April 1824 William Blake's first collection of poems was called Poetical Sketches. Later he wrote Milton: A Poem, and Visions of the Daughters of Albion.

Along with poetry, he also produced paintings. - He was the first of William & Agnes Burnes' 7 children. Wordsworth's father was very distant until his death in 1783 but still managed to teach young William poetry including Milton, Shakespeare, and Spenser. -British Poet Percy was unhappily married to Harriet Westbrook at the time, and despite Mary’s father forbidding her to see him anymore, he and Mary eloped to France in 1814. Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) was a British writer, philosopher, and women's rights activist.
Born in London to Edward Wollstonecraft and Elizabeth Dixon. Mary’s father’s free love philosophy
did not extend to her and they were
estranged until she married. -Attended Trinity College in Cambrige Living in London with Claire and Percy, Mary and Percy’s daughter
Clara was born in February of 1815 though she died a few weeks later. -Suffered from bipolar disorder Soon after, William was born in 1816. Percy’s body washed ashore and as were his wishes, he was cremated on the beach near Viareggio.

Mary soon devoted her energies to the massive undertaking of compiling his poetry and writing extensive notes for them included in The Complete Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe (1824). Club Foot -Burns apparently had many illnesses and supposedly died when he fell and went to sleep in the snow on July 21, 1796. Her writing began when her and her sister established a school at Newington Green.
She wrote treatises, novels, a children's book, travel narrative, conduct book, and history of the French Revolution.
After an affair with Gilbert Imlay, she had her first daughter Fanny Imlay. She then married William Goodwin.
She died at the age of thirty-eight after giving birth to her second daughter Mary Shelley.
She left many of her unfinished works which her husband later published. In 1822, Shelley suffered a miscarriage which almost took her life. The same year, Percy was sailing on his schooner ‘Don Juan’ when a sudden storm blew up and it sank. Interesting Facts:
-Percy abandoned his first wife Harriet Westbrook. She later killed her self by drowning in Hyde Park, London while pregnant.
-Kicked out of school for being an atheist
-Strict vegetarian
-2nd wife was Mary Shelley
-Percy died drowning, unsure if it was suicide, murder or accidental Works Shelley wrote numerous short stories, essays, poems, and reviews throughout her life. These include Valperga (1823), The Last Man (1826), Perkin Warbeck (1830), Ledore (1835), Falkner (1837), and Rambles in Germany and Italy (1844). Lord Byron had a club foot which he suffered with. It gave him lifelong physical and psychological misery. He was teased as a kid because of the limp caused by his deformed foot. In August 1803, William Blake removed a soldier from his backyard. The soldier claimed that Blake said that "all soldiers were slaves." He was charged with high treason, but acquitted.

William Blake died in 1827 as he "burst out singing of the things he saw in Heaven." He was buried in an unmarked grave on the day before his 45th wedding anniversary. Lord Byron's most popular works were... The Lovers' Whirlwind -Don Juan - During his adult life, Coleridge became addicted to Opium.
- His addictions to drugs and alcohol also sent him into deep bout of debt. He was so desperate for money that he joined the army under a fake name.
- He escaped having to fight in France because he could barely ride a horse. His brother George finally got him discharged from the army out of reason of insanity. -Childe Harold's Pilgrimage A monument near the
unmarked grave Started as a ghost story and inspired by a conversation Shelley had overheard between her husband Percy Bysshe Shelly and Lord George Gordon Byron talking about galvanism, Frankenstein soon became one of the first best selling works by a female author. -She Walks in Beauty Sir Walter Scott mistakenly thought it had been written by Percy, and it received mixed reviews, but today it is still widely read and has inspired various adaptations to the stage and screen.
Shelley adopted much of her father William Godwin’s philosophical ideas and in Frankenstein her conclusion is thus: man’s obsession with perfection can ultimately end in ruin. A monument near the
unmarked grave. While visiting Revoluionary France in 1781, Wordsworth became fascinated with the Republican movement and fell in love with Annette Vallon. They declared marriage and had a child in 1792. Born August 30, 1797 in London, England - Zastrozzi
- Ode to the West Wind
- To Skylak
- Prometheus Unbound William Blake was born on November 28, 1757. He went to school until he was 10, then he was taught at home by his mother. He took drawing classes and learned how to engrave. John Keats was born in London on October 31, 1795. Both of his parents had died by the time he was 14, due to a horse riding accident and tuberculosis.

These events, among others, contributed to his mature style and his ability to bring peace and light to human suffering. Coleridge is said to be one of the most important figures in English poetry.
His poems directly and deeply influenced all the major poets of his age. -Worked on a farm
-Founded a debating society
-He lost all of his possessions in a house fire Coleridge is best known for his long poems, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Christabel. BACKGROUND
INFO Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley died at home in London at the age of fifty-four on 1 February 1851. She lies buried in St. Peter’s churchyard in Bournemouth, Dorset, England. Mary met her future husband Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) around the age of sixteen when he became acquainted with her atheist father and his philosophy, which he soon adopted. He went to school and received his apothecary license and became a surgeon, but eventually decided we wanted to dedicate his life to writing. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman:
The first great feminist treatise.
It preached that intellect will always govern.
Written “to persuade women to endeavour to acquire strength, both of mind and body, and to convince them that the soft phrases, susceptibility of heart, delicacy of sentiment, and refinement of taste, are almost synonimous with epithets of weakness.” Advocates of vegetarianism and issues of social reform, the Shelley’s were matched on many levels intellectually though Mary did not embrace the idea of an open marriage or ‘true love’ ideals Percy longed for and expressed in so many of his poems. — Tho' Liberty shall soon, indignant, raise
Red on his hills his beacon's comet blaze;
Bid from on high his lonely cannon sound,
And on ten thousand hearths his shout rebound;
His larum-bell from village-tow'r to tow'r
Swing on th' astounded ear its dull undying roar:
Yet, yet rejoice, tho' Pride's perverted ire
Rouze Hell's own aid, and wrap thy hills in fire.
Lo! from th' innocuous flames, a lovely birth!
With its own Virtues springs another earth;
Nature, as in her prime, her virgin reign
Begins, and Love and Truth compose her train;
With pulseless hand, and fix'd unwearied gaze,
Unbreathing Justice her still beam surveys:
No more, along thy vales and viny groves,
Whole hamlets disappearing as he moves,
With cheeks o'erspread by smiles of baleful glow,
On his pale horse shall fell Consumption go. Although he died at age 25, he's considered to have had one of the best careers of all English poets. He published a mere 54 poems, but he was known to take a poetic form and make it his own, expanding the possibilities of poetry. An excerpt from "Descriptive Sketches" O my Luve's like a red, red rose
That's newly sprung in June;
O my Luve's like the melodie
That's sweetly play'd in tune.

As fair art thou, my bonnie lass,
So deep in luve am I:
And I will luve thee still, my dear,
Till a' the seas gang dry:

Till a' the seas gang dry, my dear,
And the rocks melt wi' the sun:
I will luve thee still, my dear,
While the sands o' life shall run.

And fare thee well, my only Luve
And fare thee well, a while!
And I will come again, my Luve,
Tho' it were ten thousand mile.

-Robert Burns His first surviving work was written when he was 19, and was a poem called "An Imitation of Spencer." On Another's Sorrow by William Blake Can I see another's woe,
And not be in sorrow too?
Can I see another's grief,
And not seek for kind relief?
Can I see a falling tear,
And not feel my sorrow's share?
Can a father see his child
Weep, nor be with sorrow fill'd?

Can a mother sit and hear
An infant groan, an infant fear?
No, no! never can it be!
Never, never can it be!

And can He who smiles on all
Hear the wren with sorrows small,
Hear the small bird's grief and care,
Hear the woes that infants bear, An excerpt from "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner"

The Wedding-Guest sat on a stone:
He cannot choose but hear;
And thus spake on that ancient man,
The bright-eyed Mariner.

'The ship was cheered, the harbour cleared,
Merrily did we drop
Below the kirk, below the hill,
Below the lighthouse top.

The Sun came up upon the left,
Out of the sea came he!
And he shone bright, and on the right
Went down into the sea. Family That same year, his first volume of verses, "Poems," was also published. It failed miserably. In May, 1816, his first sonnet "O Solitude" was published in the magazine The Examiner. Captain John Byron This encouraged him to switch publishers, proving to be a very smart move for his career. Catherine Gordon of Gight Lord Byron did not have the easiest childhood. His father married his mother for her inheritance, and was not around for much of Lord Byron's life. He 1791 at age 36. Political Issues of the Romantic Period The Romantic era is typically noted for its intense political, social, and cultural upheavals. The period is conventionally marked as beginning with the French Revolution in 1789 and ending with the passing of the Great Reform Bill in 1832 Events initially external to England, such as the French Revolution, are internalized in Romantic literature as a part of the debates on more relevant, internal issues in English politics, such as the prededing American Revolution and the imminent Irish Uprising of 1798. The Romantic Period began with the French Revolution. Urbanization was growing and poets looked at nature as a source of strength and happiness. Middle Class people fought for equality and liberty although the rise of the middle class was widely criticized. There was an emphasis on the rights of the individual. Imagination and self expression was praised. Social Issues Hardships Byron traveled a lot during his lifetime, and after coming home from a trip to England in 1811, his mother, two of his classmates, and dear friend (and possible lover) John Edleston passed away. These tragedies sent Lord Byron into a long period of mourning. Initially attracted to the Enlightenment precepts of universal equality and the dissolution of absolute monarchy in favor of democratic government, many authors of the Romantic period, such as William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Robert Southey, sympathized with the French Revolution. After the Storming of the Bastille and the Reign of Terror, however, these authors, Wordsworth most emblematically, used their poetry as a means of dealing with the trauma of the Revolution’s bloody transformation and the disappointment of democratic hopes. Other authors who are lesser known today, such as Thomas Moore, Thomas Campbell, and Samuel Rogers, used their poetry to highlight emerging issues of nationalism, particularly Moore, whose verse frequently reflects upon the conditions of Irish-Catholic oppression and the failed Irish uprising of 1798. One key area in which the influence of the French Revolution manifests itself is in the satiric poetry of the period. Second-generation Romantics such as Byron and Shelley sympathized with the principles of equality and individuality embodied by the Revolution’s beginnings and embraced these principles to critique English government at home. However, their poetry eventually turned outward toward involvement in other European conflicts. Byron and Shelley’s interest in Spain, Italy and Greece, like many outsiders who assisted the rebellions were at least in part motivated by idealized notions of ancient Italy and Greece as democratic centers, views adopted as a result of their classical education.
NOW Morning from her orient chamber came,
And her first footsteps touch’d a verdant hill;
Crowning its lawny crest with amber flame,
Silv’ring the untainted gushes of its rill;
Which, pure from mossy beds, did down distill, 5
And after parting beds of simple flowers,
By many streams a little lake did fill,
Which round its marge reflected woven bowers,
And, in its middle space, a sky that never lowers.

There the king-fisher saw his plumage bright 10
Vieing with fish of brilliant dye below;
Whose silken fins, and golden scales’ light
Cast upward, through the waves, a ruby glow:
There saw the swan his neck of arched snow,
And oar’d himself along with majesty; 15
Sparkled his jetty eyes; his feet did show
Beneath the waves like Afric’s ebony,
And on his back a fay reclined voluptuously.

Ah! could I tell the wonders of an isle
That in that fairest lake had placed been, 20
I could e’en Dido of her grief beguile;
Or rob from aged Lear his bitter teen:
For sure so fair a place was never seen,
Of all that ever charm’d romantic eye:
It seem’d an emerald in the silver sheen 25
Of the bright waters; or as when on high,
Through clouds of fleecy white, laughs the coerulean sky.

And all around it dipp’d luxuriously
Slopings of verdure through the glossy tide,
Which, as it were in gentle amity, 30
Rippled delighted up the flowery side;
As if to glean the ruddy tears, it tried,
Which fell profusely from the rose-tree stem!
Haply it was the workings of its pride,
In strife to throw upon the shore a gem 35
Outvieing all the buds in Flora’s diadem. Ozymandias

I met a traveler from an antique land
Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
Stand in the desert. Near them, on the sand,
Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown,
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command,
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,
The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed;
And on the pedestal these words appear:
“My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!”
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare
The lone and level sands stretch far away. Religious Issues Religion in the Romantic era was profoundly influenced by the French Revolution. The Enlightenment had weakened Christianity and people were thinking more freely. Some of the radical beliefs were punishable by Parliament. Parliament created the Blasphemy Act of 1698, Two Acts of 1795, and the Six Acts of 1819 to punish radical beliefs. Cultural Issues The Romantic era was a period of great change and emancipation. The culture moved from strict balance and restraint, to artistic freedom, experimentation, and creativity. Visual arts and literature became very influential. Some did not approve of this change, but a large majority viewed it as positive. This era redefined the fundamental ways in which people thought about themselves and about their world. "Many individuals have more sense than their male relatives; and, as nothing preponderates where there is a constant struggle for an equilibrium without it has naturally more gravity, some women govern their husbands without degrading themselves, because intellect will always govern." -Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: The End Major Works:

1798 - Lyrical Ballads, with few other poems
1800 - Lyrical Ballads, with other Poems
1807 - Poems, in Two Volumes
1810 - Guide to the Lakes
1814 - The Excursion
1815 - Laodamia
1850 - The Prelude Due to the French Revolution, Wordsworth was never allowed to actually marry Vallon but still supported her and her child to the best he could. It wasn't until 1802 when Wordsworth officially married his childhood friend, Mary Hutchinson. They had five children together, three of whom died before William or Mary. William Wordsworth Passed away on April 23, 1850, and was buried at St. Oswalds Church in Grasmere. Oh, come to me in dreams, my love!
...I will not ask a dearer bliss;
Come with the starry beams, my love,
...And press mine eyelids with thy kiss.

'Twas thus, as ancient fables tell,
...Love visited a Grecian maid,
Till she disturbed the sacred spell,
...And woke to find her hopes betrayed.

But gentle sleep shall veil my sight,
...And Psyche's lamp shall darkling be,
When, in the visions of the night,
...Thou dost renew thy vows to me.

Then come to me in dreams, my love,
...I will not ask a dearer bliss;
Come with the starry beams, my love,
...And press mine eyelids with thy kiss. Stanzas
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