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Kenneth H. Rubin

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tasha daley

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of Kenneth H. Rubin

Kenneth H. Rubin
Who is he ?
Rubin and his associates have been successful in combining both the Parten and Smilansky categories in observing the relationships between social and cognitive play
Rubin's Actual Theory
Research Interests
Social Development
Developmental Psychopathology
Peer relationships and Friendships
Personality Development
Social Cognition

His Work
Parten's Stages of Play
a theory and classification of children's participation in play developed by Mildred Parten

6 different types of play
during an observation

1) Unoccupied (play)
Solitary (independent) play
3) Onlooker play (behavior)
Parallel Play (social co-action)
5) Associative Play
Cooperative Play

His Inspirations
According to research on
children's intellectual development
, a number of
cognitive skills,
including measurement
, balance,
spatial concepts
, conservation,
and logical classification are enhanced

and particularly during the course of
symbolic play.
Smilansky's 3 Stages of Play
Functional Play
first 2 years of life
explore objects

using their body
(sucking and touching) and progressing to other physical activities such as

Constructive Play
child begins to manipulate materials to create objects and patterns
the child's
attempt at working with materials
to produce and effect
Dramatic Play
children imitate the world around them through their role play
leads to
cooperative dramatic play
with agreed- upon roles
Thank You
Kenneth H. Rubin
Canadian (Permanent resident of the USA)
Currently a professor at the University of Maryland
Human Development and Quantitative Methodology and Director of the Center for Children, Relationships and Culture

B.A at McGill University - Degree in Psychology (1968)
Masters at Pennsylvania State University- Degree in Child Development & Family Relationships (1969)
Doctorate at Pennsylvania State University- Degree in Child Development & Family Relationships (1971)
Main Area of Study
The Development of Children's Social, Dramatic and Cognitive Play

Solitary (Independent Play)

the child is
and focussed on his activity

Parallel Play (social co-action)
- the child
plays separately from others, but close to them
and copies their actions.
Transitory Stage
from a
socially immature solitary
and onlooker type of play to a more socially mature
associative cooperative type of play
His Other Inspiration
The more prominent stage is Functional Play

it goes together with the
beginnings of speech
development of
emergence of imagination

and speech
heralds an important time of cognitive growth
Copy the Chart !!

Cooperative Play
- the child is interested in both the people playing and in the activity they are doing. Play is organized and participants have specific roles. There's an increased self- identification with a group.
Relatively uncommon in preschool years. because it requires the most social maturity. Ex. Freeze tag
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