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Theatre History Timeline
Transcript of Theatre History Timeline
March 27, 2013
Acting 1- 3 Theater History Timeline Greek Theatre
500BC Roman Theatre 500BC Medieval Theatre 10th Centry Italian Renaissance 1400-1650 Restoration Theatre 1660-1700s Realism Vs. Antirealism 1850-1930s Modern Theatre 1930-1960s Yoruba Theatre 1946-Present 1.Began in Greece in the City of Dionusia during the Dionysus Festival which took place at the end of March.
2.The plays had a chorus(a group of actors who speak in unison and provide information)
3.The first actor was Thespis (this is why actors are called Thespians)
4.Aristole’s Tragic Form had Six Elements: spectical, language, plot, characters, music, and theme
5.Actors would wear masks to amplify actors’ voices
1.Livius Andronicus wrote, translated, or adapted comedies and tragedies, the first important works in Latin.
2.Stages: Coliseum and Pariaktoi (3 sided pillar with three different scenes)
3.Spectacle (all entertainment was to the death) was common. Gladiator fights were very popular entertainment.
4.Roman theatres were built in all areas of the empire from medieval, Spain, to the Middle East.
5.There were four kinds of dramatic performances: Comedies, Tragedies, Farces, and Pantomimes.
1.Mystery Plays ( told about stories from the bible)
2.Theatres were in the round.
3.By 1200, some of the plays were being performed outdoors.
4. In 1350, plays were in the vernacular, rather than Latin.
5.By late 16th century, drama of medieval period lost its force.
1.In 1618 the first Teatro Farnese was built. It was the first theatre to be built with a permanent proscenium arch.
2.In 1550, Commedia Del’arte, theatre characterized by masks, was invented.
3.Commedia Del’arte actors played stock characters(stereotypical characters) and their makes matched their characters.
4.In 1645 Giacomo Torelli created a new innovation; The Chariot-and-Pole-System.
5.Staging was made popular by using ‘perspective’ paintings and architecture. This gave the audience illusions of distance and depth.
1.In 1660, theatres re-opened after public stage performance had been banned for 18 years by the Puritan regime.
2.Margaret Hughes was the first woman to be allowed to act!
3.Women wore corsets, bum rolls, and large dresses to alter their physical appearance
4.Audience would sit on the stage and threw things at actors when they disagreed with what was being portrayed on stage.
5.The beliefs of the Restoration period was that your body is name of 4 liquids. The four liquids were bilious, bile, water, and mucus.
1.Realism originated in Europe as a challenge to the melodramatic forms of theatre that preceded it.
2.Realism was concerned with political and social issues
3.Playwrights: Lorraine Hansberry who wrote A Raison in the Sun(first performed in 1959) and Isban who wrote The Doll House(published in 1879).
4.Sets during the time were highly detailed & very realistic.
5.The plays had a fascination with class and the way the upper classes could cover up the problems within society.
1.In 1940, drama education in colleges became accepted.
2.“The Group Theatre”, formed in 1931, was outwardly anti-commercial. It wanted to do plays that had social relevance, and it popularized the "method" style of acting.
3.Waiting For Lefty (1935)
4.Happenings, a major part of modern theatre, were performed anywhere, had heavy audience evolvement, only takes place once.
5.Augusto Boal created ‘Theatre of the Oppressed’ which is theatre that seeks to explore and change situations where a group of people or a person is oppressed.
1. The acting troupes move from one town to another
2. The nature of the troupe’s performance depends on whether the troupe is invited to the village, and if invited, who sponsors the troupe
3. Centered in western Nigeria
4. Their performances utilized mime, music and acrobatics
5. In the 1990s, the Yoruba traveling theatre moved into television and film and now gives live performances only rarely