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Little Known Black History Facts
Transcript of Little Known Black History Facts
How courageous and ambitious people changed the world
The historical contributions of African Americans are an inseparable part of the culture of our nation.
From business and government, the arts and entertainment, to science and education,, America has benefited from its African American sons and daughters.
These Heroes and heroines often achieved personal victories against a myriad of forces arrayed against them.
Hill Middle school is proud to celebrate and Showcase these pioneers who displayed great courage and perserverance in the face of discouraging odds.
We salute the achievements of the past, gain insight for the present and are inspired for the future.
We are reminded that dreams can be fulfilled, accomplishments realized, and that one person can make a difference for us all
Special thanks to Ms. Simmons and Dr. Echols for always being at their students' side, inspiring them, and guiding them to become better human beings.
The Man who successfully separated two Siamese Twins
From the time Clayton Bates was born he had a passion for dancing. But one night when he was twelve years old his left leg got caught in the cotton mill machinery. Bates ended up with a wooden leg. He was determined to dance, he even became a professional dancer despite his pain and disabilities. Bates had to reinvent tap dancing. Soon his persistence and consistence paid off. Bates became a master dancer astonishing his audience. He even appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show.
The historical contributions of African Americans are an inseparable part of the culture of our nation. From business and government, the arts and entertainment, to science and education,, America has benefited from its African American sons and daughters. These Heroes and heroines often achieved personal victories against a myriad of forces arrayed against them. Hill Middle school is proud to celebrate and showcase these pioneers who displayed great courage and perseverance in the face of discouraging odds. We salute the achievements of the past, gain insight for the present and are inspired for the future. We are reminded that dreams can be fulfilled, accomplishments realized, and that one person can make a difference for us all
Andrew Jackson Beard
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The Harlem Renaissance
The Harlem Renaissance was an era of African American creativity that exploded in America in the 1920s. It impacted American culture greatly. Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen Nella Larsen, Jean Toomer, and Zora Heale Hurtson influenced literature through peoms, and novels. Aaron Douglas and, Augusta savage changed the face of art. Louis Armstrong was playing Jazz, and Bessie Smith sang the blues. Broadway was open to musical theater with zestful singing, dancing, and comedy that incorporated the culture. In Politics Marcus Garvey was calling for black self-reliance and identification with African heritage. W.E.B Du Bois was fighting against segregation and for civil rights for people of color. It is astonishing how these heroes could infuse the whole nation with a unique new vigor.
Sugar was once a luxury product because of the time consuming way sugar cane juice had to be boiled to evaporate and leave sugar crystals. But in 1843, Norbert Rillieux, an African American, invented a vacuum pan that heated the liquid quickly, This made sugar cheaper to refine making it a common household item. The vacuum pan also was used to manufacture soap and evaporate milk, glue and gelatin.
Born in 1951, he came from a poor family in Detroit. He Had a difficult time in school. But he overcame all that and got a scholarship to Yale. He soon became the first black person accepted into the residency program at John Hopkins Hospital. He was the youngest doctor to hold a director 0f Pediatric Neurosurgery position. In 1984 he completed a complex surgical feat that hadn't been successful before: He separated seven month old Siamese twins, who were joined at the back of the head. This this hardworking man is Benjamin S. Carson, Sr.
The Little Girl who led the way
In 1960, a federal judge made sure that Ruby Bridges was allowed to enter first grade an all-white Elementary School. Many racial slurs and segregation acts proceeded in the school to prevent Ruby. Parents even stopped sending their children to the school, leaving Ruby alone with the teachers. Ruby consistently went, making the parents realize that their children weren't getting the education they needed and so the students started to pour in. With Ruby's love and persistence, the school was able to run with everyone in it together.
Peg leg Bates
Maya Angelou has several "firsts" She was the first African American woman to have a screenplay produced, she was also the first African American women to have a non-fiction book on The New York Times Best Seller. As the granddaughter of a slave, she found many ways to express her freedom and talents. Angelou was the first African American to be hired to write and read a poem at a presidential inauguration. She was abused as a child and did not speak since she was 7 until she turned 12. Angelou says "You may encounter many defeats, but you must not be defeated.
Annie Onieta Plummer
In 1992, Annie Onieta Plummer noticed that children in her neighborhood were not carrying books. Children who had a book of their own could be inspired to read an learn. With $50, she bought thirty dictionaries and gave them out to the kids. Soon other people began sending her money so she could expand. By 1999 he had given dictionaries to 35,000 children. Despite having a busy lifestyle Plummer still found ways to become involved in community affairs. Her life shows us that anybody can have a good idea that helps people.
Andrew Jackson Beard suffered a serious accident while he was linking two railroad cars. He was crushed between the cars and lost a leg. Instead of moping around, he decided to improve the safety of the job for others. Beard made a device that hooked cars together automatically so people didn't have to do the risky deed. This later became the model for the national standarized linking mechanism. Despite not being taught to read or write Andrew Jackson Beard could still achieve great things. His life is an example of turing one's adversity to an advantage.
Marshall 'Major" Taylor
Marshall "Major" Taylor was the world champion for bicycle racing. He was the first African American to win a national title in any sport. He won races but organizations like the League of American Wheelers exculded him from membership because he was African American. Desspite his victories being disputed he still worked hard to prove he was the best. At events he was threatened, insulted, and crowded. But he did not let anyone drag him down.
George H. White
After the Civil War, Freed slaves and their supportes tried to make America more tolerant to other races. At this time there were 22 African American in the House of Representatives but the south fought to matain White Supremacy. George H. White was the last African American to sit in the house (Until Oscar De Priest was elected 25 years later) White from North Carolina's second Congressional District, found it difficult to make his mark in Congress. He did ,although, obtain back pay for the African American Civil War veterans. Unfortunately, his fellow congressmen refused to hear his federal anti-lynching bill. His courage to try to bring change gave belief to many people.