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Northwest Rebellion Timeline
Transcript of Northwest Rebellion Timeline
Immediately after the treaties were signed and the land was being surveyed for European settlement the Indian Act was passed. This act required that all Natives lived on reserves and that their children all attend residential schools. In the beginning of the 1880s, the Metis began to lose patience with the Canadian government.
Previously, the Metis had moved into the Northwest and had continued to press for land titles for the farms they occupied. They wanted financial aid to become successful and didn't want to rebel against authority. However, the Canadian government ignored the petition made by the Metis, and considered it "their" land. Instead they made cutbacks to try and afford the CPR, which affected the Natives. The Metis were unhappy about the decision. 1884 LOUIS RIEL RETURNS NORTHWEST REBELLION 1885 EXECUTION OF RIEL Louis Riel was taken to Regina after his arrest where he had huge allegations and charges of taking up arms against the Canadian government, which was punishable by death at the time. His trial was held in July and he was defended by three lawyers. He pleaded his case and the ones of his people, how they were being mistreated, and he also said the responsibility of the Northwest Rebellion was on the Canadian government. He was then charged guilty of high treason. The judge recommended clemency, but the Canadian government did not agree and Riel was hanged on November 16th 1885 1885 BEGINNING OF REBELLION - BATTLE AT DUCK LAKE The Northwest Rebellion began in the spring of 1885 at Duck Lake, near Batoche. An attempt at negotiation quickly failed and the two sides took open fire. The Canadian troops did not reach Batoche until May 9th where 750 militiary unfairly attacked 175 Metis. The Metis tryed to hold their ground for a short amount of time, but ultimatley they were defeated. After the defeat Canadian troops tracked down and arrested the leaders who had taken part in the Rebellion. 1873 LIBERALS INTO POWER After the Pacific Scandal from John.A Macdonald. Mackenzie led the Liberals to power.
When the Liberals came to power at the time of a major economic depression for Canada and North America. They saw the Canadian Pacific Railroad as a lot of expensive. So the CPR was put on hold while Mackenzie was in office. The North-West Rebellion of 1885 was a brief and unsuccessful uprising by the Métis people of the District of Saskatchewan under Louis Riel against Canada. During a time of great social change in Western Canada, the Métis believed that Canada hadn't addressed the protection and up keep of their rights, their land and their survival as a seperate people.