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Northwest Rebellion Timeline

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Hannah M

on 12 January 2013

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Transcript of Northwest Rebellion Timeline

TIMELINE 1873 THE LAWS OF ST. LAURENT 1874 MASSACRE ON CYPRESS HILL 1876 THE INDIAN ACT 1880 METIS BECOME RESTLESS Louis Riel had been living in Montana, working as a school teacher in the 1870s. When he heard from his people, the Metis, he immediately agreed to come and fight on their side on behalf of justice. His presence however, in the Northwest led the government to believe that another rebellion was forming. Later in the year a farmer and Riel collaborated to make the Metis Bill of Right, but it was ignored by the Canadian government. The Laws of St. Laurent were laws set because of the decreasing number of buffalo in 1873. This law stated that bison could only be hunted during a given season. Settlement in the United states and the Canadian Northwest were removing the buffalo because the huge animals could not co-exist with the farming homesteads. By the winter of 1874-1875 much of the bison population had been wiped out and it was a difficult winter for the Metis, who could no longer make pemmican. This was their principal winter food so they had little to eat. In the spring of 1875 a group of hungry Metis began hunting bison before the St. Laurent hunt had begun. The Metis president of St.Laurent, Gabriel Dumont arrested and fined the hunters, but the newly appointed magistrate, Cheif Factor Clark, arrested Dumont and his men. This event invalidated the Metis Laws of the St. Laurent and they no longer had control to regulate the buffalo hunt. The Cypress Hill attack was an attack by the american whisky traders who took the lives of about thirty Assiniboin Natives. These whisky traders from small, independent companies traded their strong cheap liquor to the Natives in exchange for furs and buffalo robes. This kind of trading led to alcoholism, malnutrition, disease, and death for many Native peoples. This was when the Canadian government developed the Northwest Mounted police to patrol the Northwest. In 1876 the Indian Act was introduced. The act confirmed that all Natives lived on reserves.
Immediately after the treaties were signed and the land was being surveyed for European settlement the Indian Act was passed. This act required that all Natives lived on reserves and that their children all attend residential schools. In the beginning of the 1880s, the Metis began to lose patience with the Canadian government.
Previously, the Metis had moved into the Northwest and had continued to press for land titles for the farms they occupied. They wanted financial aid to become successful and didn't want to rebel against authority. However, the Canadian government ignored the petition made by the Metis, and considered it "their" land. Instead they made cutbacks to try and afford the CPR, which affected the Natives. The Metis were unhappy about the decision. 1884 LOUIS RIEL RETURNS NORTHWEST REBELLION 1885 EXECUTION OF RIEL Louis Riel was taken to Regina after his arrest where he had huge allegations and charges of taking up arms against the Canadian government, which was punishable by death at the time. His trial was held in July and he was defended by three lawyers. He pleaded his case and the ones of his people, how they were being mistreated, and he also said the responsibility of the Northwest Rebellion was on the Canadian government. He was then charged guilty of high treason. The judge recommended clemency, but the Canadian government did not agree and Riel was hanged on November 16th 1885 1885 BEGINNING OF REBELLION - BATTLE AT DUCK LAKE The Northwest Rebellion began in the spring of 1885 at Duck Lake, near Batoche. An attempt at negotiation quickly failed and the two sides took open fire. The Canadian troops did not reach Batoche until May 9th where 750 militiary unfairly attacked 175 Metis. The Metis tryed to hold their ground for a short amount of time, but ultimatley they were defeated. After the defeat Canadian troops tracked down and arrested the leaders who had taken part in the Rebellion. 1873 LIBERALS INTO POWER After the Pacific Scandal from John.A Macdonald. Mackenzie led the Liberals to power.
When the Liberals came to power at the time of a major economic depression for Canada and North America. They saw the Canadian Pacific Railroad as a lot of expensive. So the CPR was put on hold while Mackenzie was in office. The North-West Rebellion of 1885 was a brief and unsuccessful uprising by the Métis people of the District of Saskatchewan under Louis Riel against Canada. During a time of great social change in Western Canada, the Métis believed that Canada hadn't addressed the protection and up keep of their rights, their land and their survival as a seperate people.
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