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Nutrients!

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by

Tia Lattanzio

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Nutrients!

Nutrients and The Body
An Intro to Healthy EAting
Nutrients!
Nutrients are what the body needs to grow stronger and be healthy
they promote growth
repair your body
supply energy to your body
There are
6 types of nutrients:
Carbohydrates
Protein
Fat
Vitamins
Minerals
Water
What you should do now
SUGAR!!
Minerals
Carbohydrates
Water

Fats
Proteins
65% of Body
2 types of minerals
Major minerals
Trace minerals


Proteins grow, maintain, and replace the tissues in our bodies.
Proteins are made of long chains called
amino acids
.
The proteins in your body are made up of 20 different amino acids, but only 1 1 are made by your body.
Non- Essential amino acids
Essential amino acids
Protein food sources: Meats, fish, eggs, milk, nuts, dried beans
Carbohydrates are also called carbs
They are made of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon
Carbs supply your body with energy to move and play
There are 2 types of carbs
Simple
Complex
Major Minerals
magnesium, calcium
Simple Carbs
occur naturally in fruit, veggies, and milk
it's found in processed foods such as cake and candy
Glucose is the most important simple sugar, it supplies most of your energy!
Complex Carbs
a lot of simple sugars clumped together
Healthier for you! They give you more energy for a longer time
Starches and Fiber
found in potatoes, whole grains, and bread
Magnesium
nuts, whole grains, dark green vegetables
Water Vs. Everything Else
Calcium
milk, yogurt, cheese
Most essential for life, helps nearly all the body's chemical reactions, including those that produce energy and build new tissues take place in water solutions.
No water leads to dehydration

Trace Minerals
iron, zinc
Eating Healthy means getting enough of each vitamin and mineral, getting enough energy from the right kind of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, and drinking enough water.
Doing this will help you to grow strong and be awesome in whatever you want to do: play sports, write, draw, paint, and study!
Iron
meats, fish, eggs
Energy!!!
Carbs, Fats, and Protein give your body energy to play and move
Zinc
beans, nuts, meat, whole grains
Vitamins and Minerals help your body function properly
Unsaturated Fats
-Liquid At Room Temperatures
Found In Vegetables, Oils, Nuts, & Seeds
Saturated Fats
-Animal Fats
Lard & Dairy Products Like Butter& Cheese
Cholesterol- A Waxy Substance That Is Found Only In Animal Products
Trans Fats
-Manufactured Fats That Are Found In Lads When They Add Hydrogen To Fat Molecules In Oils -They Do This To Stay Fresh Longer
Margarine, Chips, & Commercially Baked & Processed Foods

All carbs are sugar, but not all sugars are equal!
Complex carbs are healthier for you
Simple sugars are not as good when they are processed
They may taste yummy, but unnatural sugars are unhealthy
Eating too much sugar can lead to fat gain!
your body can't use all of the sugar you eat, so it stores the extra sugar as fat
Vitamins
2 types of vitamins
fat-soluble
water-soluble
Fat soluble vitamins
found in fats and oils of food
Vitamin A
vision, skin, bone growth
Vitamin D
helps the body absorb calcium
Vitamin E
antioxidant, protects cells from damage
Vitamin K
helps the blood clot
Water-soluble
Vitamin C and B vitamins
Needed a lot because your body can't store these vitamins
Vitamin C
bell peppers, oranges, broccoli, grapefruit, strawberries
B Vitamins
make up a lot of vitamins (B1, B6, B12...)
in a lot of foods
GAME TIME!
There are 6 types of nutrients. Name 3
of them.
Vitamins and Minerals
Does your body need more major minerals or trace minerals?
How many types of vitamins are there?
What vitamin helps the blood clot?
What vitamin is good for your vision?
Hint: A, D, E, K
Hint: A, D, E, K
Full transcript