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Subordinating Conjunctions

A presentation to introduce the uses of subordinating conjunctions.


on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of Subordinating Conjunctions

Subordinating Conjunction
After I went to the store, I went home.
We want to combine two sentences and show when they happened (time).
1) I went to the store.
2) I went home.
Notice the comma after the subordinating conjunction.
We need a comma after a subordinating conjunction at the beginning of a sentence.
Now let's use the same two sentences and put the subordinating conjunction at the end.
I went home after I went to the store.
Notice there is no comma before or after the subordinating conjunction.
We do not need a comma when a subordinating conjunction comes at the end of a sentence.
Basic Sentence
What are they?
There are many of them
They subordinate (make dependent) the thing they go in front of.
Time: after, before, when, while, since, until

Cause/Effect: because, since, as

Opposition: although, though, even though, whereas, while

Condition: if, unless, only if, whether, even if
What are some examples?
Subordinating conjunctions can be other words, as well.

Always make sure you know what type of word you are writing.
Watch out though!
I want to go after.

I want to go after school.

I want to go after we leave school.


Fill in the blanks with a subordinating conjunction and commas if necessary.

1) We cannot go skiing ___ we have skis.

2) ___ winter, we cannot go skiing.

3) I enjoy skiing ___ it is fun.

4) ___ you would like, you can buy skiis.

Now, rewrite each sentence by changing the subordinating conjunction's position.
Subordinating Conjunction
You have a lot of choices to make! These choices help define your writing style.
How can I use them?
There are many words, which means you have flexibility.
I want to eat ramen because I am hungry.
I want to eat ramen since I am hungry.
I want to eat ramen as I am hungry.
Choice I- Word Choice
Choice II- Position
The main grammar rules deal with position.
I want to eat ramen because I am hungry.
Grammar Rules
Because I am hungry, I want to eat ramen.
One last rule is that you cannot use them without a sentence.

Subordinating conjunctions subordinate (make the clause depend on a sentence)
Because I am hungry.
Grammar Rules
Since I like ramen.
small "b"
no comma
big "B"
Both have SVs but are not sentences because of the SC.
People speak this way, but it is not usually correct to write this way.
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