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ITB Library study guide: colons & semi-colons
Transcript of ITB Library study guide: colons & semi-colons
They indicate that
there is more relevant information to follow. Colons are used in the greeting of a business letter
.......... Dear Miss Jones:
Colons are used in time notations
Colons are used in bibliographic references
.......... Genesis 1:18 Colons show that related information will follow.
The related information is often in the form of a quotation or a list.
It usually substantiates the original statement. There are four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter.
The socialist movement will benefit from class unity: Marx said, "workers of the world unite".
The colours of the rainbow are:
◦Violet Semi-colons can appear
.......... between independent clauses or
.......... in a list that already includes commas Independent clauses are often joined by connector words.
Connector words include: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet...
.......... The sky is blue and the birds are singing.
.......... The sky is blue; the birds are singing. Semi-colons are used in complicated lists and lists that already include commas.
.......... The accused has addresses in Blanchardstown, Dublin; Barcelona, Spain; and Boston, Massachusetts.
.......... The quiz team included Carol, the carpenter; Tom, the accountant; and Jane, the technician. Semi-colons are used when independent clauses are joined by conjunctive adverbs.
Conjunctive adverbs include: however, therefore, moreover, consequently, otherwise, nonetheless...
.......... I want to sell my car; however, I will wait until the market improves.
.......... The weather is cool in Spain; nonetheless, I am enjoying my holiday. Source: OWL Purdue Online Writing Course
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/566/01/ WCC Writing Center tutor Rebekah Lindstrom discusses differences between the colon and the semicolon. Here is a video that may be help explain it further... http://www.videojug.com/film/how-to-use-colons-and-semi-colons ITB Library ITB Library http://blanchlib.itb.ie