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Transcript of Anzac Inquiry
•Defence at ANZAC
•Gallipoli 1915 – 1916
•Egypt 1915 – 1917
•Gaza-Beersheba •El Mughar
•Jordan (Es Salt)
•Palestine 1917 – 1918 Red and Green Colour Patch Y Chart of the soldiers in World War I Feels like... Sounds like... Looks like... Terrified
Dangerous Gun shots
Screams for help
Cries of pain
Troops discussing their strategies
Soldiers give up their lives to help their country
Sandy Terrain Enemy Attacks Conditions facing the soldiers in the trenches Soldiers had to be alert all the time because there were many sudden shellfire attacks from the enemy in the trenches. There were also random sniper attacks that killed numerous soldiers during their first few days in the trenches. The attacks were often unprepared for because soldiers would be sleeping or lying in the trenches when the attacks occurred. Millions of rats and lice infested the trenches during World War I. They ate the decaying bodies in the trenches and contaminated the food. A single rat produced up to 900 babies per year meaning that the number of rats kept growing even after the soldiers tried to kill them off. At night the rats also ran across the faces of the soldiers. Lice caused Trench Fever, a disease that gave many soldiers a high fever and had a long recovery time. The lice grew on dirty clothing and even after being washed, the lice eggs still stayed on the clothes. Rats and Lice The different weather conditions caused many problem in the trenches. When it rained, the trenches often got flooded because there was nowhere for the water to go. The water would sometimes stay in the trenches for weeks meaning that everything was wet and damp. When the weather got very hot, the soldiers started to sweat which gave off a very bad odour. They couldn’t wash their clothes everyday which made it worse but soldiers had to deal with living in those surroundings. Weather Apart from fighting and keeping guard, soldiers also had to do daily chores. They included, refilling the sandbags, repairing the boards and draining the water in the trenches. This meant that the soldiers had less time to rest and sleep after doing their assigned tasks. Chores There were many diseases in the trenches during World War I. Hundreds of dead bodies were rotting in the trenches due to injuries or enemy attacks. This meant that diseases were spreading and growing on the dead bodies and infecting the other soldiers. Trench Foot was another problem in the trenches. It was a fungal infection on the feet caused by cold, wet and unclean trench conditions. A lot of soldiers were killed due to diseases in the trenches while some had to get amputations. Diseases and Infections World War I Care Packages •Warm clothing- Socks and scarves
•Barley Sugar What items were in them? Women and families of the soldiers sent care packages to their loved ones. The Red Cross which were run mainly by middle-aged women also made packages for the men who were serving overseas. In 1916, the Australian Comforts Fund was set up which raised money to provide 'comfort boxes’ for the soldiers. Who sent them? •Shaving cream
•Medical supplies Who received them? Soldiers in the war received the packages. What was the purpose of them? The purpose of care packages was to give the soldiers in the war something to look forward to. The packages had things like toiletries which the soldiers could use and food like Anzac biscuits which were a treat and made by their families. It would make the soldiers feel that their families think and care about them. Some people may also put a picture or letter in the package for the soldier to read. William Howard Bibliography http://www.awm.gov.au/research/people/nominal_rolls/first_world_war_embarkation/person.asp?p=69446
http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/records/awm8/10/11/awm8-10-11-3-0199.pdf Record Papers http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp 6th Light Horse Regiment http://www.awm.gov.au/units/unit_10559.asp Colour Patch http://cas.awm.gov.au/item/RELAWM07941.007 Battle of Romani http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/romani.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Romani Conditions of the Trenches http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/trenchlife.htm World War I Care Packages http://www.skwirk.com.au/p-c_s-14_u-42_t-48_c-142/the-roles-of-women-in-the-war/nsw/the-roles-of-women-in-the-war/australia-and-world-war-i/women-and-the-war Websites Bibliography Images http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/07/magazine_faces_of_battle/html/3.stm
Barley Sugar Care Package for a Soldier Dear Soldier,
My name is Zerlinda and I am writing to you to say thank you for fighting in the war. Although I do not personally know you, I respect you and your courage. I have sent you a care package with a few items that may be of use to you while you are living in the trenches. I am guessing that the food you get to eat does not taste too good so I decided to make and send you some Anzac biscuits. The biscuits are flat hence they do not take up a lot of space and can last a long time meaning that by the time they get to you, they will still be edible. There are also some barley sugars which you can eat when you want something sweet or something to look forward to after a day of fighting. I have included some writing equipment such as paper, pencils, stamps and envelopes for you to write to your family and friends. It is best if you keep in contact with them so they know how you are doing. I also put in a pair of socks and a scarf for you to wear if it gets cold in the trenches. They are both made of wool which should help you keep warm. The socks should be better than the worn out ones that you get given and should help your feet feel more comfortable. I have heard that the trenches are very filthy and as a result I decided to give you some toiletries. There is soap, toothbrush and toothpaste, razors and shaving cream. You can use these items try and keep clean because it is very easy to catch a disease or get sick. If you want to, you can shave your facial hair because it will reduce the chance of catching lice. Also it will help you feel refreshed after a long day of fighting and relax. Lastly, I hope that the items will be useful and that you will come home to your family safely.
From: Zerlinda. Letter to an Unknown Soldier By Zerlinda Phun War
Patriotism Sunny Hot Wounded soldiers
Service number: 1621
Unit: 6 LHR [Light Horse Regiment] – 11 to 14 Reinforcements (November 1915 – February 1916)
Date of enlistment and service: 27 July 1915, November 1915 – February 1916
Fate of soldier: RTA (Returned to Australia) - 17 July 1919
Place of birth: Newcastle, New South Wales
Religion: Church of England
Ship travelled on: HMAT Persic (A34)
Date of embarkation: 18 November 1915
Place of embarkation: Sydney William Howard