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The Supreme Court
Transcript of The Supreme Court
(too bad Congress didn't approve your appointment!)
WISH YOU WERE HERE!
Greetings from the SCOTUS!
1123 SOM Center Road
Mayfield Heights, OH
What's the relationship between these images??
I can explain how the US Constitution created a system with 3 branches of government and checks and balances on power
Identify the structure of the judicial branch
Know the powers of the judiciary
Describe the checks and balances of the judicial branch
STRUCTURE of the JUDICIAL BRANCH
1. District Courts
94 spread through the states
2. Appellate Courts
13. People "appeal" when they think a legal mistake was made at the district court
3. Supreme Court
Final appellate court
9 judge panel
Final, highest court
What cases will federal courts hear?
Roommate squabble? Landlord problems? Wanna sue your mechanic? Get a divorce? Seek custody? Did you break a law? See ME, not a federal court!
:The power to make
a legal decision about a case.
Federal courts won't hear all cases!!!
Federal courts have
over the following
Cases against the Federal government
When federal law is violated/Constitutional issues/violations
Issues between states or involving multiple states or countries
8 Justices, one Chief Justice (9 total!)
Appointed by President, approved by Senate (legislative branch)
Serve life-long terms
Over 5000 (!!!) requests to hear cases each year, but they usually hear about 150.
Did you know you don't even have to go to law school to be a Supreme Court justice?!
Powers, Checks, and Balances, OH MY!
How is the Court's power checked?
Judges are appointed by
and approved by
What special powers does the Judicial Branch have?`
Keep their positions for life
What's JUDICIAL REVIEW?
Legislative and Executive actions, laws, and Executive Orders are examined by the Judicial Branch (SCOTUS) and can be deemed unfair (Unconstitutional)
The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.