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Hollenback Poetry 101

Breaking down what poetry is and how to write it.

Max Hollenback

on 5 July 2011

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Transcript of Hollenback Poetry 101

Poetry 101 What is poetry? Poetry is a form of literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning. Parts of a Poem Line: A unit of verse consisting of words in a single line.

Stanza: Two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme. The lines in a stanza share a common idea or theme.

Verse: The division or grouping of words in such a composition, which traditionally had been referred to as a stanza. The word "verse" is commonly used in lieu of "poetry." Elements of Poetry: Sound RHYTHM: The pattern of beats or stresses in a poem.

RHYME: The repetition of the same or similar sounds, usually at the ends of lines.

Ex: "Roses are red, violets are blue. Sugar is sweet, and so are you!"

Internal Rhyme: Use of rhyme within a single line.

Ex: 'As snug as a bug in a rug."

ALLITERATION: The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words.

Ex: "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers Create pictures in the mind's eye.
When poets use WORDS and PHRASES that appeal to the reader's senses of SIGHT, SOUND, TOUCH, TASTE, SMELL Elements of poetry: IMAGERY A special kind of imagery. Uses comparison to paint a picture.
SIMILE- A comparison using LIKE or AS. Ex: "A woman needs a man like a fish needs a bicycle." - U2
METAPHOR - Describes one thing as if it were another. Ex: "You are the sunshine of my life." - Stevie Wonder
PERSONIFICATION - Gives human characteristics to something nonhuman. Elements of poetry: FIGURES OF SPEECH Central or main idea.
Theme Tip: Ask yourself what ideas or insights about life or human nature have you found in the poem.

(The theme of a poem is often hard to find on first reading. Additional readings often help clarify thoughts and feelings about it.) Elements of poetry: THEME The arrangement of a line of poetry by the number of syllables and the rhythm of accented (or stressed) syllables. Types of poetry: Cinquain Line 1: one word (subject or noun)

Line 2: two words (adjectives) that describe line 1

Line 3: three words (action verbs) that relate to line 1

Line 4: four words (feelings or a complete sentence) that relates to line 1

Line 5: one word (synonym of line 1 or a word that sums it up) Mom
Helpful, caring
Loves to garden
Excitable, likes helping people
Teacher A haiku is a form of Japanese poetry, consisting of 17 moras, in three phrases of 5, 7, and 5 moras respectively. Although haiku are often stated to have 17 syllables, this is inaccurate as syllables and moras are not the same. Haiku typically contain a kigo (seasonal reference), and a kireji (cutting word). In Japanese, haiku are traditionally printed in a single vertical line and tend to take aspects of the natural world as their subject matter, while haiku in English often appear in three lines to parallel the three phrases of Japanese haiku and may deal with any subject matter. Types of poetry: Haiku A limerick is a five-line poem written with one couplet and one triplet. If a couplet is a two-line rhymed poem, then a triplet would be a three-line rhymed poem. The rhyme pattern is a a b b a with lines 1, 2 and 5 containing 3 beats and rhyming, and lines 3 and 4 having two beats and rhyming. Some people say that the limerick was invented by soldiers returning from France to the Irish town of Limerick in the 1700's.

Limericks are meant to be funny. They often contain hyperbole, onomatopoeia, idioms, puns, and other figurative devices. The last line of a good limerick contains the PUNCH LINE or "heart of the joke." As you work with limericks, remember to have pun, I mean FUN! Types of poetry: Limerick There was an Old Man with a beard,
Who said, 'It is just as I feared!
Two Owls and a Hen,
Four Larks and a Wren,
Have all built their nests in my beard!' snowflakes fall softly
and form a beautiful world
a velvet blanket A Shakespearean, or English, sonnet consists of 14 lines, each line containing ten syllables and written in iambic pentameter, in which a pattern of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable is repeated five times. The rhyme scheme in a Shakespearean sonnet is a-b-a-b, c-d-c-d, e-f-e-f, g-g; the last two lines are a rhyming couplet. Types of poetry: Sonnet When in disgrace with Fortune and men's eyes,
I all alone beweep my outcast state,
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,
And look upon myself and curse my fate,
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,
Featured like him, like him with friends possessed,
Desiring this man's art and that man's scope,
With what I most enjoy contented least,
Yet in these thoughts my self almost despising,
Haply I think on thee, and then my state,
(Like to the lark at break of day arising
From sullen earth) sings hymns at heaven's gate,
For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings,
That then I scorn to change my state with kings. This is a method of writing poetry, which does not essentially follow any structure or style. There is no fixed meter and no structure regarding rhyme and lines in each stanza. This kind of poetry is quite popular with modern poets. Types of poetry: Free verse Types of poetry: Acrostic An acrostic poem
Can be about anything.
Of course, some people like to
Start each line as a sentence,
I prefer weaving words into a
Creation that is more free. Poetry Workshop Spend the rest of class writing poetry. Submit your 2 best poems to ubenglish@gmail.com
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