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The Arctic Cordillera
Transcript of The Arctic Cordillera
From the Mixed Woods to the Taiga Plains, the Canadian environment varies from ecozone to ecozone. We will be talking about the 'land that never melts', also known as the Arctic Cordillera.
Where is the Arctic Cordillera?
The Arctic Cordillera is located in north eastern Canada. This ecozone runs from the islands of Nunavut to the northern tip of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Human Activities and the Environment
The environment in the arctic cordillera is delicate and spectacular. However, it can be damaged very easily from human activities. Such activities consist of hunting or fishing, tourism, oil and gas exploration.
Activities such as hunting, fishing and trapping are common in the Arctic Cordillera because residents use these methods to receive food and clothes.
However, hunting, fishing and trapping can be effected by the environment. If the climate or weather were to drastically change it would cause animals to loose their habitats and food, eventually killing the animals. With all the animals gone, hunting, fishing and trapping cannot be accomplished.
Hunting, Fishing and Trapping
Although these activities are great to participate in, they create a potential threat to the environment. Tourists may trample on animal habitats or food, causing the animals to relocate and possibly die. Also, tourists may kill nature by breaking off tree branches or throwing non-decomposable garbage wherever they go.
When visiting the arctic cordillera, people will find many activities to take part in. For example, people can enjoy snow sports, fishing, hiking, sight seeing and more.
Oil and Gas Exploration
Currently, people are looking potential oil and gas resources because Canada's resources are slowly depleting. One potential location is in the arctic cordillera.
Oil and gas exploration is extremely dangerous to all environments because of the chance of having an oil spill. With an oil spill habitats will be destroyed, animals will die and the environment will suffer. Even without an oil spill they are dangerous because of the trucks polluting the air, water and trampling on the beauty.
Terms & Concepts
Although the arctic cordillera has stunning scenery, many things to do and many other positives, there are also many negatives with this ecozone.
Due to factors such as the mountains ranges and poor soil, tourism and hunting are the main activities that produce an income in the arctic cordillera. However, because of extreme temperatures that range from highs of 6°C to lows of -35°C, people are not willing to travel to the arctic cordillera for the stunning views. Due to the few tourists that keep declining every year, the arctic cordillera is losing money and currently has a gross domestic product (GDP) of only $0.012 billion. Eventually, the GDP will be extremely low and the 1300 people living here will need to move elsewhere.
Did you know...
Apart from the good and the bad, the arctic cordillera is also very interesting!
Did you know that in 1985, archeologists found tree stumps on and island called Axel Heiberg from 40 million years ago? Well, it is true! Also, according to the tree stumps, the arctic cordillera was once a warm place. From the tree stumps, archeologists were able to discover that the land was covered with dense, deciduous tree filled forests with trees that measured 35 metres tall and were 100 years old. Not to mention the wildlife that lived there, including turtles and other animals.
Possibility of arctic cordillera before
The arctic cordillera may seem as if there are few or very little positives, but there are many natural beauties found in this ecozone.
One of the best parts in the arctic cordillera are the numerous mountains. This all began when the North Atlantic Plate moved north and began to form these mountains. Now, we can view this spectacular view on the mountain or at a distance. The rugged texture and "U" shape the mountains form, create the perfect valley mountains. Much like the Rocky Mountains found in the western cordillera, these mountains are definite tourist destinations because of the beauty.
Ecumene: this is the most inhospitable ecozone Canada, therefore only about 1000 people permanently live there
Tundra: a vegetation region found far north and dominated by bushes, grasses and mosses
Permafrost: a thick layer of soil
beneath the surface which remains frozen year round
The Arctic Cordillera is melting.
Compared to previous years, the ice and glaciers in the arctic cordillera are melting. This geographic issue has been going on for some time, but presently people are more concerned than ever. However, what has caused the 'land that never melts' to melt? Events such as global warming are causing the temperatures to rise more than usual and melting the ice.
The melting ice has many dangerous effects on the environment and us. Melting ice releases stored water contributing to the rise in sea level which can completely submerge small islands or land at low elevation. Canada faces the possibility of having our Maritime Provinces and places near the Hudson's Bay be submerged. Melting ice also creates a threat to animals living nearby, including polar bears, seals and penguins.
The arctic cordillera is melting?
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