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HISTORY OF ANIMATION, MOTION GRAPHICS & VISUAL EFFECTS
Transcript of HISTORY OF ANIMATION, MOTION GRAPHICS & VISUAL EFFECTS
MOTION GRAPHICS &
His studio also used rotoscope for the first
The animator could
trace live action
frames projected onto a transparent easel, creating smooth, realistic action.
American famous through his comic strips and in his first animation
in 1911, he sets a standard of
artistry and fluid action.
A theatrical projection version of Reynaud's Praxinoscope, using a band of painted characters superimposed on a background projected from a separate lantern.
1977 - 2:04min
computer generated images
The Man with the Golden Arm
(dir. by Preminger)
(dir. by Hitchcock)
Anatomy of a Murder
(dir by Preminger)
(dir by Hitchcock)
American Graphic designer, filmmaker,
best known for his design in animated motion picture title sequences.
He worked for some of Hollywood's greatest filmmakers: Alfred Hitchcock, Otto Preminger, Stanley Kubrick and Martin Scorsese.
FILM TITLE DESIGN SINCE 1950
From the 1940s-70s UPA used
style avoiding realism
UPA and TELEVISION
Snow White and
the Seven Dwarfs
1937, first full length animated feature film
The most influential pioneer in animation.
sound was added to cartoon movies
1928 - 7:45min
Eyewitness Books. Film. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992.
Created by French science teacher
Phenakistoscope disc by
Toy invented by the Belgian
in the 1830s.
The images and slits are on rotating disks
Optical toy known as “spinning wonder”.
Cardboard piece with a picture on each side and string handles at each end.
Pre-cinematic manual powered optical toys. Popular in the 19th century, they created animations based on persistence of vision
Born in New York City mostly worked in Britain.
Film title designer best known for his work on
James Bond films
The Grass is Greene
(dir by Stanley Donen)
w/ Jane Fonda, dir. by Roger Vadim
You Only Live Twice
Diamonds Are Forever
The Man with the Golden Gun
The Spy Who Loved Me
Licence to Kill
Progressive drawings of simple line characters and photographed frame by frame
is considered the
He applied all of the basic principles behind animated cartoons:
1907 - 1:16min
Stop animation based on drawings, cutouts, claymation...
Small increments between individually photographed frames, creating the illusion of movement when the series of frames are played as a continuous sequence.
of Funny Faces
James Stuart Blackton
1906 - 3:03min
EARLY TRADITIONAL ANIMATION
Le squelette joyeux
, in which the
camera was stopped
and an object was moved, removed or added
to a shot before filming was resumed.
1st form of animation to employ a
of images instead of the
used in optical toys.
was patented in 1868 by
John Barnes Linnett
under the name of
It incorporates the principle of the ZOETROPE with the addition of
becoming quite sophisticated
In this adaptation he replaced the slits on the outside of the drum with a set of mirrors in the center of the drum.
Invented in 1834 by British mathematician
William George Horner
When it is spun around, each picture merges into a single image.
Peter Mark Roget,
1779 – 1869
“PERSISTENCE OF VISION”
The phenomenon called
Persistence of vision
was observed by
Peter Mark Roget
American visual effects creator, writer and producer
created a form of stop-motion
Jason and the Argonauts
1963 - 2:18min
STOP MOTION - DYNAMATION
Bamboo Isle Royal Samoa Dance
Ghosts for breakfast
1927 - 6:28min
(1888-1976) born in Berlin later worked in the U.S.
Painter, graphic artist, avant-gardist, film- experimenter and producer.
Return to Reason
OTHER INTERESTING PIONEERS
: (1890-1976) American artist who lived in Paris, belonged to Dada and Surrealist movements. He was an Avant-garde photographer, noted for his photograms, which he renamed "rayographs" after himself.
Hurd Cel Patent
created the concept of tracing and painting animation drawings on celluloid and photographing them against a single illustrated background.
In 1878 Muybridge photographed
Horse in Motion
using many fast shutter cameras placed along the path of the horse.
The public was astonished to see proof that a running horse can simultaneously have all four hooves off the ground and not when the horse's legs were extended to the front and back, as imagined by contemporary illustrators, but when its legs were collected beneath its body.
motion capture in a sequence of still photographs
Eadweard James Muybridge
(1830 – 1904) English born photographer produced the majority of his work in the U.S.
Called the "Father of the motion picture" (even though he did not make films), he developed a
fast camera shutter
to make the first photographs that show sequences of movement.
He developed the
a device considered the first movie projector.
Scottish-Canadian animator and film director known for his work for the
National Film Board of Canada
: uses live actors as stop-motion objects
STOP MOTION - PIXILATION
German-American abstract animator, filmmaker and painter. He made over 50 short animated films many of which are in museums and galleries.
The Adventures of Prince Achmed
1926 - 2:08min
German animator and film director was inspired in Chinese art of silhouette puppetry and created many short silhouette animations.
1946-57 - 6min
(1883 –1972) patented his original
Koko the Clown
Betty Boop Hula Dance in Bamboo Isle
His studio took animation to a production level for the entertainment industry.
UPA -United Productions of America
Mr Magoo Opening Theme
2D & 3D
animation, it is first full length
feature film animated entirely with computers.
Produced by Pixar Animation Studios
Released by Walt Disney Pictures
Director: Steven Spielberg
Stars: Leonardo DiCaprio
Title sequence by Olivier Kuntzel & Florence Deygas (uncredited
Catch me if you can
FILM TITLE SEQUENCE
FBI agent hunts down a young con artist who successfully impersonated an airline pilot, a doctor, and an assistant attorney general.
Created and produced by Vince Gilligan
Stars Bryan Cranston
Breaking Bad from
From 2008 to 2013
TELEVISION SERIES OPEN CREDITS
Motion Picture Persistence of Vision: "How You See It" 1936 - 8min
Drawings appeared to move when viewed through slots of a rotating drum
Cameras, projectors and old motion picture equipment:
is the German word for flip book, literally
do we see movement when the images are still?
Film Before Film - Phenakistoscope, Zootrope, Praxinoscope
THE LUMIERE BROTHERS
are credited with being the first filmmakers in history.
They patented the
, projector similar to current cinema
Sortie de l'usine Lumière de Lyon
(Exit from the Lumière factory in Lyon) was shot in 1894 and released in 1895. It is considered the first real motion picture in history
A Trip to the Moon
Le Voyage dans la lune
by Georges Méliès, 1902 - 12:51min
(view moon changes at 6.04)
Silent animated cartoon created by hand-drawn scenes on a chalkboard.
on standard picture
Gertie the Dinosaur
McCay interacts with his film on stage
milestone of animation
cellulose acetate process
Pioneer in animation and filmmaking techniques: drawing images & sound directly on film and pixilation.
1952 - 8:17min
Academy Award-winning Short Film by Norman McLaren
1968 - 13:20min
Pas de deux
1958 - 2:47min
Anatomy of a murder
1959 - 2:36min
Opening titles - 2:37min
Many feature films use animation for visual effects since
Also known as
is the method of recording an actor’s
using sensors and high speed cameras and applying the recorded information to a
is the technique of combining different shots and elements into one image
In 2002, the character of
in the second
Lord of the Rings
In 2009, in
A breakthrough in cinema with its motion capture technology and 3D viewing (
Keying out a
creates a transparency to be replaced for another image
Usesd in newscasting, motion picture and videogame industries
The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo
(Opening Credits) 2011 - 2:25min
is the process of altering and enhancing the color of a motion picture, video image, or still image either
by Auguste & Louis Lumière
Music By Federico Albanese
Still images seen in rapid succession give the illusion of movement due to the delay of the image that the brain holds and the next image that the eye perceives.
The Great Gatsby
Visual Effects Before & After
FILM TITLE SEQUENCE
The Matrix Reloade
3D Scanning & 3D Printing
The Avengers: Age of Ultron
End Credits - 2015