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Copy of Plymouth Colony
Transcript of Copy of Plymouth Colony
Plymouth was started because the Separatists wanted to create a new community based on their religious beliefs. They wanted to escape the persecution that they had back in England. The Separatists get their name from wanting to separate from the Anglican Church of England.
Interactions With the Native Americans
At first when the Pilgrims came they didn't know the natives at all. Then, during the winter a native named Samoset came and said to the Pilgrims, "Welcome Englishmen." They then got acquainted with the local tribes and every thing was peaceful. The Pilgrims signed a peace treaty with the leader of the Wampanoag tribe, Massasoit. It lasted for more than 50 years. Also, when Massasoit got sick the Pilgrims nursed him back to full health. Things between the Pilgrims and the Native Americans were peaceable for a while. Then, when more people from England came, they considered themselves and their religion superior to the native people. They eventually started taking their land and pushing the Native Americans further west.
The Origins of Plymouth Colony
The absolute location of Plymouth Colony is 42 degrees North and 71 degrees West. It is located in the Cape Cod Bay. It is also South of Salem and Boston.
Most of the Pilgrims clothing was made of linen and wool. If they were wealthy then, they wore clothes made of cotton. The men wore breeches, shirts without collars and no belt. The women wore undergarments and overgarments. The children wore a gown or dress-like garment.
One misconception about the Pilgrims is that they always wore black and white. This is not true, they only wore black and white for special occasions. They normally wore earthy colors, like green, brown, maroon, and other dark colors.
When the Pilgrims first arrived they built tents and dugouts. Soon after they built a more permanent kind of structure called huts. Eventually, they learned to build log cabins from the Swedes.
Daily Life: Shelter
Chores were important in the colony. The men did most of the physical labor jobs, like planting and harvesting crops and cutting firewood. The women did the household chores like sewing, cooking, cleaning, and raising children. The boys helped the men outside with things like fetching fresh water. The girls helped the women. One of the things they had to do was "muck" the garden or, in other words they had to fertilize it with straw and manure.
Daily Life: Chores
Daily Life: Clothing
Daily Life: Clothing (Continued)
Daily Life: Hygiene
The Pilgrims did not have very good personal hygiene. They bathed only a few times a year because they believed it was unhealthy. The Pilgrims wore linen undergarments because they thought it would absorb all their sweat and clean the dirt off their skin. Also, they didn't wash their clothes very often either.
Daily Life: Food
In Plymouth they ate a lot differently than we do. Sometimes they ate seafood, like mussels. Other times they ate waterfowl, such as duck. They also ate cornbread, curds, hasty pudding (a porridge made of grains cooked in milk or water), and something similar to oat cereal. Also, they didn't use silverware, they used their hands. For a napkin they used a cloth draped over their shoulder.
Daily Life: School
The Pilgrim children did not attend school. Some parents did teach their children to read and write. The children's most important lessons were learning Bible verses.
The term Wampanoags is never used. Wampanoag (meaning people of the dawn) is already plural.
Daily Life: Games
Despite the fact that the children in Plymouth colony had many chores, they still had plenty of time for games. One game they played was where you shoot marbles through a knicker box and try to get them through the arches.
Affects of the Location
The location of the colony had many positive and negative affects on the people. For example, since they were close to the Cape Cod Bay they were able to fish. There was also lots of trees to use for firewood. A negative affect is that there was only a 0-8 month growing season, which made growing crops difficult. Also, when the Pilgrims came it was in the middle of a cold, hard winter and it killed many of the people.
There were many important people in Plymouth colony. John Carver was the first governor for Plymouth. William Bradford was the governor after John Carver died. Another important person was Miles Standish who was the military leader of Plymouth. James II was the king of England, and without him the Pilgrims might have never came to America. Samoset was important because he was the first native to approach the Pilgrims. Squanto taught the Pilgrims to plant fertilized corn and acted as an interpreter for the colonists. Massasoit was also important because he and his tribe helped out the Pilgrims.
To govern the colony they used the Mayflower Compact. It was a set of rules and a plan of government for the Pilgrims to choose their leaders and make laws. The Mayflower Compact was created by William Bradford, William Brewster, and Edward Winslow.
People in Plymouth Colony
Most people in Plymouth colony were Separatists. Some people weren't though. They were called "strangers" because they didn't share the same religion. Plymouth colony had no indentured servants.
Animals in Plymouth Colony
Plymouth had many animals. Their livestock included pigs, sheep, goats, chicken, and cattle. There were also wild animals like rats, birds, deer, fish, bears, turkeys, rabbits and more. Most of the wild animals were hunted and used for food. The livestock was used for things like milk, fleece and other products.
Farming was one of the main jobs in Plymouth Colony. It provided food for the colonists. The Pilgrims also traded some of their crops with the Wampanoag for beaver pelts. The Pilgrims grew vegetables, herbs, corn, rye, and other grains.
Human Environment Interaction
The Pilgrims adapted to their environment by learning to farm instead of buying everything from merchants. They modified the environment by building houses for them to live in and a stockade for protection. They depended on their environment for food to eat, water to do household chores, and firewood to keep the fire burning.
In Plymouth colony there was no need for any money. People relied on themselves and did their share. Later on as new settlers arrived people started trading things like crops and furs.
S., Michael. "Daily Life In Plymouth Colony." Plymouth Homepage. East-Buc. Web. 2 Dec 2012. <http://www.east-buc.k12.ia.us/00_01/CA/ply1.htm>
Riehecky, Janet. The Plymouth Colony. Milwaukee: World Almanac Library, 2002. Print.
. "Daily Life." The First Thanksgiving. Scholastic. Web. 8 Dec 2012. <http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/daily_life/>.
. "Plymouth Colony." History. HIstory. Web. 30 Nov 2012. <http://www.history.com/topics/plymouth>.
Heinsohn, Robert Jennings. "Pilgrims and Wampanoag:The Prudence of Bradford and Massasoit." Sail 1620. Sail 1620. Web. 6 Dec 2012. <http://www.sail1620.org/history/articles/119-pilgrims-wampanoag.html>.