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Elements of Effective Instruction

By: Carin Cymanski & Jennifer Le
by

on 5 August 2015

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Transcript of Elements of Effective Instruction

Elements of Effective Teaching
1) Classroom Management
2) Learning About Students
3) Lesson Planning
4) 21st Century Skills
5) Technology Integration
6) Assessment
7) Parent Involvement
8) Education Resources
Learning About Students
Lesson Planning
Technology Integration
Engage students and participation through different means of technology
Classroom Management Essentials
Elements of effective instruction
Interactive
Presentation
Assessment
Parent Involvement
Educational
Resources
Educational Websites
for Students
1) Kahn Academy
https://www.khanacademy.org/

2) BrainPOP
https://www.brainpop.com/

3) Starfall
http://www.starfall.com/


Why learn about students?
Cultural, linguistic socioeconomic and other differences can affect student:
Communication style
Participation styles
Conceptual thinking
Learning styles

What to learn about students?
What do we do with what we learn about students?
Create a culturally responsive classroom
Adapt instruction to student needs
Find the best ways to promote family involvement
Special Topic:
Learning about English Learners
Get a complete understanding of the student
Home Language Assessment
Native Language Proficiency Test
Formal Assessment: California English Language Development Test (CELDT)
Informal Assessment: Student Oral Language Observation Matrix (SOLOM)
No culture,
background, skill level, or learning style is right or wrong.
All students deserve instruction that is accessible to them!
Cultural background
Linguistic profile
Socioeconomic background
Race/ethnic background
Developmental level
Academic achievements & gaps
Special needs
Skill levels
interests
Have a Classroom Behavior Management Plan
#1
Craft a classroom environment that inspires positive behavior and minimizes potential disruptions
Design specific supports for students with behavioral challenges
Be sure to communicate the plan and the motivations behind the plan to parents and students
Tip!
A Classroom behavior management plan should be linked to a school-wide Positive Behavioral Intervention and Supports (PBIS) plan
#2
Great teaching is Key to Keeping Students Focused and On-Task
#3
Develop Your Behavior Management Toolkit
Learn to nip disruptions in the bud with
surface management strategies
like signaling and use of humor
Know a few ways to
up-regulate
positive emotions (dancing!), and to
down-regulate
negative emotions (relaxed breathing)
Use calm, non-accusatory questions to talk to students about behavior

Tip!

Expert
and
Referent
are the most powerful!
#4
Understand Your Authority Base
Expert Authority
(subject matter)
Referent Power
(students like and respect personality
Legitimate Power
(official role)
Reward Power
(power to reward)
Coercive Power
(power to punish)
#5
Involve Students in Creating Class Rules and Norms
Tip!
This helps students feel invested in the classroom environment
Learning objectives provide the
focus
for lesson planning
Learn to write strong learning objectives for lesson plans using the ABCD method
Instructional planning provides the context for lesson planning
Instructional Planning

Standards-Based Lesson Planning
The Basic Format
Open
Body
Close
Always include:
Housekeeping details
Concept, generalization or skill
Objectives
Procedure
Assessment
Differentiation
Lesson Plan Models
Common inductive and deductive strategies:
Direct Instruction
Inquiry Training
Concept Attainment
Learning Cycle
Concept Formation
Unguided Inquiry
Cooperative Learning
Don't Forget!

Include planning and differentiation so all students can meet the learning objective.
Apply throughout the cycle, before, during, and after instruction, then analyze data
Purpose of Assessment
Knowledge and understanding
Reasoning
Performance skills
Proficiency in creating products
Dispositions
From "K-12 Classroom Teaching," by Andrea Guillaume
Types of Assessment
Formative (assessment
for learning
)
Summative (assessment
of learning
)
Formal
Informal
Traditional: Recall/Recognition (Response: True/False, Multiple Choice, Fill in)
Performance: Construction/Application (Task: Self Assessment, Essay, Portfolio)
Assessment Techniques
Traditional Tests
Presentations
Products
Teacher observations
Journals
Interviews
Graphic Organizers
Drawings & Diagrams
Attitude Surveys
1) Pinterest
https://www.pinterest.com
2) Symbaloo
http://www.symbaloo.com/
3) Youtube
https://www.youtube.com/
4) PollEverywhere
https://www.polleverywhere.com/
5) Educreations
https://www.educreations.com/


Inform parents of classroom behavior management plan
Encourage parents to volunteer in the classroom
Build a teacher and parent relationship to involve them in the student's education
Document Camera
Smart Board
Projector
Computer
Keynote
PowerPoint
SOURCES
1) Google Images
https://www.google.com
2) Guillaume, Andrea.
"K-12 Classroom Teaching: A Primer for New Professionals."
3) The Iris Center-Vanderbilt Peabody College
http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu
4) Partnership for 21st Century Learning
http://www.p21.org


Teacher
Resources
21st Century Skills
The students of today must be ready individually and collectively to compete in a global economy.
The P21 Framework for 21st Century Learning adds new, future-facing competencies to the “3 Rs” that have been emphasized in the past.
Student
Outcomes
Support
Systems
Today’s teachers are encouraged to focus on learning and innovation skills, which add to the traditional 3 Rs with the
4 Cs


Creativity
Critical Thinking
Communication
and
Collaboration
From the P21 Framework:
Creativity and Innovation:
Thinking creatively, working creatively with others, implementing innovations.

Critical Thinking
and Problem Solving: Reason effectively, use systems thinking, make judgements and decisions, solve problems.

Communication
and
Collaboration
: Communicate clearly, collaborate with others

http://www.p21.org/our-work/p21-framework

Common Core
Standards
CA Academic
Content Standards
The Partnership for 21st Century Learning shares information, tips and articles for teachers about how to foster these skills in the classroom.

www.P21.org
Full transcript