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Bald Eagle Behavioral Characteristics for Survival

Adaptation, Instinct, Learning, Habit
by

Molly Slagel

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of Bald Eagle Behavioral Characteristics for Survival

Bald Eagles Adaptations Instinct Learning Habit beak and head eyes tail feet and legs body wings nesting eating mating guard against predators monogamous traveling hunt eat fly Designed to pierce and rip apart food Throat is big so food can go down it easily Clear inner eyelid keeps eye clean and moist Bristles at the base of the beak protect the eyes from dust and other particles while the eagle is flying. Balance tail can widen to provide extra surface area Leg bones are hollow to make them strong to hit a fish hard and carry it Sharp claws to dig into a thick tough fish The heart and lungs are so efficient that eagles can get enough oxygen to fly at high altitudes. To digest sharp jagged bones from piercing intestines, eagle stomachs produce extremely strong acids Eagle wings are big enough to carry the weight of the eagle PLUS the weight of a fairly large fish The pigment that makes an eagle's wing feathers black also makes those feathers stronger keen eyesight allows them to spot fish at distances up to a mile Able to capture waterfowl in flight and rabbits on the run A Massive platform nest of sticks and vegetation lined with moss and grasses is placed on cliff ledge or in the fork of a tree Nests are added to each year and can become quite large The mating season varies by region Won't start mating until the age of 4 or 5 Will only find a new mate if their mate dies or becomes infertile Stays with one mate for life they will sit (perch) for long hours watching fly short but fast distances suddenly and make abrupt turn The bald eagle travels frequently, flying to northern climates to escape hot summers will usually return close to the place where they were hatched in order to begin families of their own young develop hunting skills on their own young learn through trial and error learn to fly at 11 or 12 weeks old eaglets learn to fly primarily by observing their parent The eaglet learns by watching the parents prepare and pull off pieces of food eaglets will begin to pick up small pieces of food that have been dropped and gradually will try to pull off pieces of food
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