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Types of Context Clues (with practice)

Types of Context Clues: 1. Examples 2. Synonyms 3. Antonyms 4. General sense of sentence/passage
by

Colleen Kinnard

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of Types of Context Clues (with practice)

4 Types of
Context Clues

Types of
Context Clues:

1. Examples
2. Synonyms
3. Antonyms
4. General sense of sentence/passage
One more thing...
Example context clues
suggest the meaning of an unknown word by
providing examples of what the word means
.

EXAMPLE: The
adverse
effects of this drug, including
dizziness, nausea, and headaches
, have caused it to be withdrawn from the market.
1. Examples
A synonym is a word that means the same or almost the same as another word.

Synonym context clues
can appear anywhere in a passage and
provide the same meaning as the unknown word.

EXAMPLE: I asked the instructor to explain an
obscure
passage in the textbook. She said, "I wish I could, but it's
confusing
to me, too."
2. Synonyms
An antonym is the opposite of a word.

Antonym context clues
tell us what
the opposite of the unknown word
.

They are often signaled by words and phrases such as
however, but, yet, on the other hand,
and
in contrast
.

EXAMPLE: "I've seen students
surreptitiously
check answer sheets during exams," said the professor. "However, I never saw one
openly
lay out a cheat sheet on his desk until today."
3. Antonyms
1.
Nocturnal
creatures, such as bats and owls, have highly developed senses that enable them to function in the dark.
a. feathers b. living c. active at night

2.
Mundane
activities such as doing the laundry or dishes or going food shopping or reading the newspaper help me relax.
a. exciting b. painful c. ordinary

3. Instances of common
euphemisms
include "final resting place" (for grave), "intoxicated" (for drunk), and "restroom" (for toilet).
a. unpleasant reactions b. answers c. substitutes for
offensive terms
Check Your Understanding
More practice...
Today I had to deal with one
mishap
after another. I couldn't find my keys, I dropped a bowl of soup at lunchtime, and my computer crashed twice.
a. unlucky accident b. event c. unexpected question
Check Your Understanding
1. Fresh garlic may not
enhance
the breath, but it certainly does
improve
spaghetti sauce.

2. As soon as I made a
flippant
remark to my boss, I regretted sounding so
disrespectful
.

3. Although the salesperson tried to
assuage
the angry customer, there was no way to
soothe
her.
More Practice...
1. Speaking in front of a group
disconcerts
Alan. Even answering a question in class embarrasses him.

2. Because my friends had advised me to
scrutinize
the lease, I took time to examine all the fine print.

3. The presidential candidate vowed to discuss
pragmatic
solutions. He said the American people want practical answers, not empty theory.
Check Your Understanding
1. Many people have pointed out the
harmful
effects that a working mother may have on the family, yet there are many
salutary
effects as well.
a. well-known b. beneficial c. hurtful

2. Trying to control everything your teens do can
impede
their growth. To
advance
their development, allow them to make some decisions on their own.
a. block b. predict c. improve

3. During their training, police officers must respond to
simulated
emergencies in preparation for dealing with
real
ones.
a. made-up b. mild c. actual
More Practice...
1. Many politicians do not give
succinct
answers. They prefer long ones that help them avoid the point. (Hint: If politicians prefer to give long answers, what kind of answer do they usually not give?)
a. brief b. accurate c. complete

2. Although investments in the stock market can be
lucrative
, they can also result in great financial loss.
a. required b. financially rewarding c. risky
4. General Sense of the Sentence/Passage
"General sense" context clues
help you to
draw conclusions based on the info given in the sentence or passage
.

Asking yourself questions about the passage can help you make a fairly accurate guess about meaning of the unknown word.

EXAMPLE: After the accident, I was angered when the other driver told the police officer a complete
fabrication
about what happened. He said that I was the person at fault, which simply was not true.
Check Your Understanding
1. A former employee,
irate
over having been fired, broke into the plant and deliberately wrecked several machines. (Hint: What would be the employee's state of mind?)
a. relieved b. very angry c. undecided

2. Despite the
proximity
of Ron's house to his sister's, he rarely sees her. (Hint: What about Ron's house would make it surprising that he didn't see his sister more often?)
a. similarity b. nearness c. superiority

3. The car wash we organized to raise funds was a
fiasco
--it rained all day. (Hint: How successful would a car wash be on a rainy day?)
a. great financial success b. welcome surprise c. complete disaster
More Practice...
1. The lizard was so lethargic that I wasn't sure if it was alive or dead. It didn't even blink.
a. green b. inactive c. big

2. Jamal didn't want to tell Tina the entire plot of the movie, so he just gave her the overall gist of the story.
a. ending b. title c. main idea
To help you learn important words, authors of textbooks usually give you the definitions of key vocab words. You will know they are important terms if they're in italics or bold.
Any questions?
*Pay attention to these words!*
They will probably be on your test!
Full transcript