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Uk withdrawal from EU :"Life after the divorce"

Faculty of Arts and Humanities-Sousse-Tunisia
by

Yasmin Mani

on 27 April 2014

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Transcript of Uk withdrawal from EU :"Life after the divorce"

Close The Deal
European Union
Britain
Outline
Why would Britain leave the EU ?
Why would Britain leave the EU ?
Economic reasons
Conclusion
Impacts of Britain's withdrawal on EU
Impacts of Britain's withdrawal on Britain
Introduction
EU is an economic and political union of 28 member states that primarily are located in Europe
.
Withdrawal from EU is a right of European union member states under treaty on European Union (article 50)which states
"any member state may decide to withdraw from the Union in accordance with its own constitutional requirements".

No state has ever withdraw,though some dependent territories or semi-autonomous areas have left.
Introduction
Impacts of Britain's expected withdrawal on Britain
Impacts of Britain's expected withdrawal on EU
Conclusion
UK withdrawal from EU :
"Life after the Divorce"

References
Presented by
Nouha Rezgui
Yasmine Mani
Abir Nasri
A fall in the number of EU students


More places for UK students
Immigration
The EU would be likely to respond in kind.

Thousands of British people are working for EU institutions.

They would be unemployed.

Those will need to be absorbed by the local labor market.
Imposing large tariffs on European imports.
New negotiations would be needed:

complex, lengthy and costly.
Positive Impacts
The Eurozone crisis
levels of foreign investment
UK = "a safe haven."
Independent negotiation of trade deals with countries outside of the EU
Split from the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
free movement of goods and services
Education
Stopping immigration flows would improve the quality of life.

less strain on public services and infrastructure.
(Eastern / Central Europe)
Negative Impacts
Britain imports a great deal of products from EU :
In case of shortage of those products in the UK :
Higher prices + Lack of availability

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/what-if-britain-left-the-eu-7904469.html

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/john-bruton/united-kingdom-european-union_b_2323058.html

http://www.accountancyage.com/aa/feature/2141274/uk-left-eu

http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2013/may/14/uk-leaving-eu-higher-education

http://www.sigmascan.org/Live/Issue/ViewIssue/73/5/leaving-the-ever-closer-union-could-britain-withdraw-from-the-eu/

http://www.sigmascan.org/Live/Issue/ViewIssue/73/5/leaving-the-ever-closer-union-could-britain-withdraw-from-the-eu/

http://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/research_papers/2013_RP07_olv.pdf

https://ip-journal.dgap.org/en/ip-journal/topics/who-suffers-most-brexit

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/may/09/david-cameron-rejects-eu-withdrawal

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/278491/Bruges_Group_SingleMarketAndWithdrawal.pdf
Thank You
Negative Impacts
Positive Impact
EU easy to lead and to manage.
Better Management of the Eurozone.
A chance for the EU to revive the Union.
The challenge of the spirit of "ever closer union among the peoples of Europe."
EU has to negotiate how to change its institutions, budget ad votes.
smaller member states will gain more control.
The loss of one of the major contributor to the EU budget. (4.703 million in 2011)
The absence of Britain as a global power in EU would lessen the influence of EU internationally.
A negative effect on the development Single Market as Britain is the strongest supporter for liberal free trade.
Shift on the balance of power :
The French-German axis.
SEVENTH: The proportion of British exports going to the EU
At present, roughly
40%
of UK exports go to the EU. As the faster rate of growth of UK exports OUTSIDE the EU, by, say,
2020
, the split of UK worldwide exports will be something like two-thirds outside the EU, one third to the EU.
SIXTH: British Import Growth
more from outside the EU: British imports from the world beyond the EU are increasing significantly faster (
18%
faster over the ten years
1999-2009)
than British imports from the EU.


There is simply no objective evidence that the UK benefits from being part of it.
FIFTH: British Export Growth: better outside the EU
British exports to the world OUTSIDE the EU are growing far faster than British exports TO the EU – 37% faster since the turn of the millennium.
FOURTH: Over 90% of the British economy is NOT involved in exports to the EU:
exports to the EU account for less than 10% of British economic output.
THIRD: The hemorrhage of skilled UK jobs to the Continent resulting from the trade deficit
The UK has a massive structural trade deficit with the EU.
In the five years 2005 to 2009, 88 % of the UK’s alarming trade deficit with the whole world has been accounted for by the EU.
Over those 5 years the cumulated UK deficit with the EU was £135 billion.

Huge numbers of skilled British jobs being exported over the Channel. It has been estimated that the result of this deficit is an extra two million or so jobs, many of them highly-skilled, in Germany, France and other EU countries. In the context of the UK’s own 30 million workforce and high unemployment rate, two million “lost” jobs is a huge number.

EIGHTH:a comparison with other countries
The USA and China, not EU members, with zero votes in the EU Council of Ministers, zero Commissioners, zero judges at the European Court of Justice, zero civil servants working in EU institutions, each sell
more goods
to
the EU
than the UK
does, without paying a cent to Brussels or imposing one iota of EU regulation on their domestic economies.

Norway and Switzerland, not EU members, export far
more

in relation to their GDPs or populations than the UK – Norway about five times more goods per capita than the UK, Switzerland about three times more goods per capita than the UK.
FIRST: Customs Unions are redundant
Over 90% of British imports are tariff-free, and those tariffs that remain are very low.

That is why, outside the EU, there are simply no significant customs unions at all, anywhere in the world.
SECOND: Single Market membership is hugely costly

in effect, a tax paid by British Taxpayers on UK exports - are absolutely colossal.
Immigration
Imports
Challenge :
(German cars , French luxury goods...)
By leaving the EU the UK would save on costly membership fees, cut down on migration, and no longer be subject to EU legislation.

Also, leaving could threaten trade and investment and damage Britain's global standing
A Zero-Sum game
Full transcript