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Origami in Architecture and Engineering
Transcript of Origami in Architecture and Engineering
Applications in Deployable Rigid and Kinetic Architecture
Broad Applications in Engineering
Inspired by concept of zero thickness, continuous material (origami paper)
Modeled after folded designs, but
are not actually folded
Separate plates of thick materials are fused together
Approaches to Design: Tessellation vs. Freeform
Rigid vs. Kinetic
Advantages and Disadvantages
Origami in Architecture and Engineering
Deployable Rigid Architecture:
Modular Cardboard Refugee Shelter
Composed of cardboard units
Uses Miura-Ori Tessellation at core
Easily transportable (disassembled), lightweight, sturdy
Self-assembling Spherical Solar Cells
Thin silicon folds up as water evaporates
Same method can be used to create other 3D objects
Unlike conventional solar panels, the angle does not matter
Black lines absorb light, causing certain parts to contract
Line widths affect the final angle of the “folds”
Made of the same materials as Shrinky-Dinks
Potential for commercial products
Cheap materials and simple manufacturing
Self Folding Lamp
Tightly-packed circuits heat up the material, creating “folds”
Microcontroller (e.g. Arduino) directs the folding process
Requires human intervention to start moving
Self-folding Crawler Robot
Successor to the inchworm robot
Capable of starting movement on its own, waiting for stimuli to begin folding
Buri, Hani, and Yves Weinand. “Origami - Folded Plate Structures,
Architecture.” École Polytechnique Féderalé De Lausanne, n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.
Fei, L. J., and D. Sujan. “Origami Theory and its Applications: A
LiteratureReview.” International Journal of Social, Management, Economics, and Business Engineering 7.1 (2013): 113-117. Print.
Khan, Amina. “Origami Robotics: Here’s How to Fold Your Own
‘Metamaterial’ at Home.” Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 9 Aug. 2014. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.
---. “Watch! Origami-Inspired Robot Assembles Itself in Four Minutes.” Los
Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 7 Aug. 2014. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.
“Make Kiosks Open for Business.” Make Architects. Make Ltd., 2 May
2014. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.
“Origami Engineering Inspires ‘Plate House’ Refugee Shelter.” Department
of Engineering Science, University of Oxford. n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.
Schenk, Mark, and Simon D. Guest. “Origami Folding: A Structural
Engineering Approach.” Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, 8 Mar. 2011. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.
Spears, Tim. “NASA Develops Origami Style Solar Panels to be Used in
Space.” Designboom. Designboom, 15 Aug. 2014. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.
Trautz, Martin, and Susanne Ciernak. “Folds and Fold Plate Structures in
Architecture and Engineering.” RWTH Aachen University, n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.
Deployable Kinetic Architecture: Folding Kiosk
Based on Yoshimura tessallation
Made of solid metal units attached with hinges
Closes up for storage, open up for customers
Robust, durable, easily maintained, vandalism- and graffiti-proof
Other Deployable Structures: Origami Heart Stent and Solar Panel
Uses waterbomb tessellation
May be used to enlarge clogged arteries
Still in development
Based on radial tessellation
Folds down to 1/10th size
Can be easily deployed with only 2 points of force
Start with 3D Model of complex surface
Computer generated: Origamizer
Arguably more versatile, more experimental design technique
MIT Program- Architectural Origami
Based on modifications to known designs
Creates more basic surfaces than Freeform
Three Main Tessellations
Miura-Ori: Stretches in both directions
Yoshimura: Cylindrical Shapes, approximations of continuous curves
Diagonal: Helical Surface
Repeated patterns folded over a plane
Can form a metamaterial
Hannah Capps and Massey Bartolini
“The Science, Art and Spirit of Origami”
History of Origami
International art form
Not as old as you think
Definition and techniques
No cutting, tearing, adhering
Bases and Tesselations
Examples in various facets of life
Origami inspires a new approach
Hands-on paper models- paper and the practice of folding is accessible to most
Gives way to efficiency
Lightweight, economical, replaceable, versatile, deployable
Aesthetics! Functional Art
Architecture and Engineering
Why should we care?
Thank you for your attention!
Philosophy of Origami
Origami in Mathematics
Origami in Fashion
Origami in Biology
(an origami caffeine molecule)